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Version: 1.23

APIRequestContext

This API is used for the Web API testing. You can use it to trigger API endpoints, configure micro-services, prepare environment or the service to your e2e test.

Each Playwright browser context has associated with it APIRequestContext instance which shares cookie storage with the browser context and can be accessed via browser_context.request or page.request. It is also possible to create a new APIRequestContext instance manually by calling api_request.new_context(**kwargs).

Cookie management

APIRequestContext retuned by browser_context.request and page.request shares cookie storage with the corresponding BrowserContext. Each API request will have Cookie header populated with the values from the browser context. If the API response contains Set-Cookie header it will automatically update BrowserContext cookies and requests made from the page will pick them up. This means that if you log in using this API, your e2e test will be logged in and vice versa.

If you want API requests to not interfere with the browser cookies you shoud create a new APIRequestContext by calling api_request.new_context(**kwargs). Such APIRequestContext object will have its own isolated cookie storage.

import os
from playwright.sync_api import sync_playwright

REPO = "test-repo-1"
USER = "github-username"
API_TOKEN = os.getenv("GITHUB_API_TOKEN")

with sync_playwright() as p:
# This will launch a new browser, create a context and page. When making HTTP
# requests with the internal APIRequestContext (e.g. `context.request` or `page.request`)
# it will automatically set the cookies to the browser page and vise versa.
browser = p.chromium.launch()
context = browser.new_context(base_url="https://api.github.com")
api_request_context = context.request
page = context.new_page()

# Alternatively you can create a APIRequestContext manually without having a browser context attached:
# api_request_context = p.request.new_context(base_url="https://api.github.com")


# Create a repository.
response = api_request_context.post(
"/user/repos",
headers={
"Accept": "application/vnd.github.v3+json",
# Add GitHub personal access token.
"Authorization": f"token {API_TOKEN}",
},
data={"name": REPO},
)
assert response.ok
assert response.json()["name"] == REPO

# Delete a repository.
response = api_request_context.delete(
f"/repos/{USER}/{REPO}",
headers={
"Accept": "application/vnd.github.v3+json",
# Add GitHub personal access token.
"Authorization": f"token {API_TOKEN}",
},
)
assert response.ok
assert await response.body() == '{"status": "ok"}'

api_request_context.delete(url, **kwargs)

  • url <str> Target URL.#
  • data <str|bytes|Serializable> Allows to set post data of the request. If the data parameter is an object, it will be serialized to json string and content-type header will be set to application/json if not explicitly set. Otherwise the content-type header will be set to application/octet-stream if not explicitly set.#
  • fail_on_status_code <bool> Whether to throw on response codes other than 2xx and 3xx. By default response object is returned for all status codes.#
  • form <Dict[str, str|float|bool]> Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using application/x-www-form-urlencoded encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to application/x-www-form-urlencoded unless explicitly provided.#
  • headers <Dict[str, str]> Allows to set HTTP headers.#
  • ignore_https_errors <bool> Whether to ignore HTTPS errors when sending network requests. Defaults to false.#
  • multipart <Dict[str, str|float|bool|[ReadStream]|Dict]> Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using multipart/form-data encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to multipart/form-data unless explicitly provided. File values can be passed either as fs.ReadStream or as file-like object containing file name, mime-type and its content.#
    • name <str> File name
    • mimeType <str> File type
    • buffer <bytes> File content
  • params <Dict[str, str|float|bool]> Query parameters to be sent with the URL.#
  • timeout <float> Request timeout in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout.#
  • returns: <APIResponse>#

Sends HTTP(S) DELETE request and returns its response. The method will populate request cookies from the context and update context cookies from the response. The method will automatically follow redirects.

api_request_context.dispose()

All responses returned by api_request_context.get(url, **kwargs) and similar methods are stored in the memory, so that you can later call api_response.body(). This method discards all stored responses, and makes api_response.body() throw "Response disposed" error.

api_request_context.fetch(url_or_request, **kwargs)

  • url_or_request <str|Request> Target URL or Request to get all parameters from.#
  • data <str|bytes|Serializable> Allows to set post data of the request. If the data parameter is an object, it will be serialized to json string and content-type header will be set to application/json if not explicitly set. Otherwise the content-type header will be set to application/octet-stream if not explicitly set.#
  • fail_on_status_code <bool> Whether to throw on response codes other than 2xx and 3xx. By default response object is returned for all status codes.#
  • form <Dict[str, str|float|bool]> Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using application/x-www-form-urlencoded encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to application/x-www-form-urlencoded unless explicitly provided.#
  • headers <Dict[str, str]> Allows to set HTTP headers.#
  • ignore_https_errors <bool> Whether to ignore HTTPS errors when sending network requests. Defaults to false.#
  • method <str> If set changes the fetch method (e.g. PUT or POST). If not specified, GET method is used.#
  • multipart <Dict[str, str|float|bool|[ReadStream]|Dict]> Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using multipart/form-data encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to multipart/form-data unless explicitly provided. File values can be passed either as fs.ReadStream or as file-like object containing file name, mime-type and its content.#
    • name <str> File name
    • mimeType <str> File type
    • buffer <bytes> File content
  • params <Dict[str, str|float|bool]> Query parameters to be sent with the URL.#
  • timeout <float> Request timeout in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout.#
  • returns: <APIResponse>#

Sends HTTP(S) request and returns its response. The method will populate request cookies from the context and update context cookies from the response. The method will automatically follow redirects.

api_request_context.get(url, **kwargs)

  • url <str> Target URL.#
  • fail_on_status_code <bool> Whether to throw on response codes other than 2xx and 3xx. By default response object is returned for all status codes.#
  • headers <Dict[str, str]> Allows to set HTTP headers.#
  • ignore_https_errors <bool> Whether to ignore HTTPS errors when sending network requests. Defaults to false.#
  • params <Dict[str, str|float|bool]> Query parameters to be sent with the URL.#
  • timeout <float> Request timeout in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout.#
  • returns: <APIResponse>#

Sends HTTP(S) GET request and returns its response. The method will populate request cookies from the context and update context cookies from the response. The method will automatically follow redirects.

api_request_context.head(url, **kwargs)

  • url <str> Target URL.#
  • fail_on_status_code <bool> Whether to throw on response codes other than 2xx and 3xx. By default response object is returned for all status codes.#
  • headers <Dict[str, str]> Allows to set HTTP headers.#
  • ignore_https_errors <bool> Whether to ignore HTTPS errors when sending network requests. Defaults to false.#
  • params <Dict[str, str|float|bool]> Query parameters to be sent with the URL.#
  • timeout <float> Request timeout in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout.#
  • returns: <APIResponse>#

Sends HTTP(S) HEAD request and returns its response. The method will populate request cookies from the context and update context cookies from the response. The method will automatically follow redirects.

api_request_context.patch(url, **kwargs)

  • url <str> Target URL.#
  • data <str|bytes|Serializable> Allows to set post data of the request. If the data parameter is an object, it will be serialized to json string and content-type header will be set to application/json if not explicitly set. Otherwise the content-type header will be set to application/octet-stream if not explicitly set.#
  • fail_on_status_code <bool> Whether to throw on response codes other than 2xx and 3xx. By default response object is returned for all status codes.#
  • form <Dict[str, str|float|bool]> Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using application/x-www-form-urlencoded encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to application/x-www-form-urlencoded unless explicitly provided.#
  • headers <Dict[str, str]> Allows to set HTTP headers.#
  • ignore_https_errors <bool> Whether to ignore HTTPS errors when sending network requests. Defaults to false.#
  • multipart <Dict[str, str|float|bool|[ReadStream]|Dict]> Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using multipart/form-data encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to multipart/form-data unless explicitly provided. File values can be passed either as fs.ReadStream or as file-like object containing file name, mime-type and its content.#
    • name <str> File name
    • mimeType <str> File type
    • buffer <bytes> File content
  • params <Dict[str, str|float|bool]> Query parameters to be sent with the URL.#
  • timeout <float> Request timeout in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout.#
  • returns: <APIResponse>#

Sends HTTP(S) PATCH request and returns its response. The method will populate request cookies from the context and update context cookies from the response. The method will automatically follow redirects.

api_request_context.post(url, **kwargs)

  • url <str> Target URL.#
  • data <str|bytes|Serializable> Allows to set post data of the request. If the data parameter is an object, it will be serialized to json string and content-type header will be set to application/json if not explicitly set. Otherwise the content-type header will be set to application/octet-stream if not explicitly set.#
  • fail_on_status_code <bool> Whether to throw on response codes other than 2xx and 3xx. By default response object is returned for all status codes.#
  • form <Dict[str, str|float|bool]> Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using application/x-www-form-urlencoded encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to application/x-www-form-urlencoded unless explicitly provided.#
  • headers <Dict[str, str]> Allows to set HTTP headers.#
  • ignore_https_errors <bool> Whether to ignore HTTPS errors when sending network requests. Defaults to false.#
  • multipart <Dict[str, str|float|bool|[ReadStream]|Dict]> Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using multipart/form-data encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to multipart/form-data unless explicitly provided. File values can be passed either as fs.ReadStream or as file-like object containing file name, mime-type and its content.#
    • name <str> File name
    • mimeType <str> File type
    • buffer <bytes> File content
  • params <Dict[str, str|float|bool]> Query parameters to be sent with the URL.#
  • timeout <float> Request timeout in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout.#
  • returns: <APIResponse>#

Sends HTTP(S) POST request and returns its response. The method will populate request cookies from the context and update context cookies from the response. The method will automatically follow redirects.

api_request_context.put(url, **kwargs)

  • url <str> Target URL.#
  • data <str|bytes|Serializable> Allows to set post data of the request. If the data parameter is an object, it will be serialized to json string and content-type header will be set to application/json if not explicitly set. Otherwise the content-type header will be set to application/octet-stream if not explicitly set.#
  • fail_on_status_code <bool> Whether to throw on response codes other than 2xx and 3xx. By default response object is returned for all status codes.#
  • form <Dict[str, str|float|bool]> Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using application/x-www-form-urlencoded encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to application/x-www-form-urlencoded unless explicitly provided.#
  • headers <Dict[str, str]> Allows to set HTTP headers.#
  • ignore_https_errors <bool> Whether to ignore HTTPS errors when sending network requests. Defaults to false.#
  • multipart <Dict[str, str|float|bool|[ReadStream]|Dict]> Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using multipart/form-data encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to multipart/form-data unless explicitly provided. File values can be passed either as fs.ReadStream or as file-like object containing file name, mime-type and its content.#
    • name <str> File name
    • mimeType <str> File type
    • buffer <bytes> File content
  • params <Dict[str, str|float|bool]> Query parameters to be sent with the URL.#
  • timeout <float> Request timeout in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout.#
  • returns: <APIResponse>#

Sends HTTP(S) PUT request and returns its response. The method will populate request cookies from the context and update context cookies from the response. The method will automatically follow redirects.

api_request_context.storage_state(**kwargs)

  • path <Union[str, pathlib.Path]> The file path to save the storage state to. If path is a relative path, then it is resolved relative to current working directory. If no path is provided, storage state is still returned, but won't be saved to the disk.#
  • returns: <Dict>#

Returns storage state for this request context, contains current cookies and local storage snapshot if it was passed to the constructor.