Version: 1.10.0

Page Object Models

Large test suites can be structured to optimize ease of authoring and maintenance. Page object models are one such approach to structure your test suite.

Introduction#

A page object represents a part of your web application. An e-commerce web application might have a home page, a listings page and a checkout page. Each of them can be represented by page object models.

Page objects simplify authoring. They create a higher-level API which suits your application.

Page objects simplify maintenance. They capture element selectors in one place and create reusable code to avoid repetition.

Implementation#

Page object models wrap over a Playwright Page.

// models/SearchPage.java
package models;
import com.microsoft.playwright;
public class SearchPage {
private final Page page;
public SearchPage(Page page) {
this.page = page;
}
public void navigate() {
page.navigate("https://bing.com");
}
public void search(String text) {
page.fill("[aria-label='Enter your search term']", text);
page.press("[aria-label='Enter your search term']", "Enter");
}
}

Page objects can then be used inside a test.

import models.SearchPage;
import com.microsoft.playwright.*;
...
// In the test
Page page = browser.newPage();
SearchPage searchPage = new SearchPage(page);
searchPage.navigate();
searchPage.search("search query");

API reference#