Skip to main content

Page

Page provides methods to interact with a single tab in a Browser, or an extension background page in Chromium. One Browser instance might have multiple Page instances.

This example creates a page, navigates it to a URL, and then saves a screenshot:

import com.microsoft.playwright.*;

public class Example {
public static void main(String[] args) {
try (Playwright playwright = Playwright.create()) {
BrowserType webkit = playwright.webkit();
Browser browser = webkit.launch();
BrowserContext context = browser.newContext();
Page page = context.newPage();
page.navigate("https://example.com");
page.screenshot(new Page.ScreenshotOptions().setPath(Paths.get("screenshot.png")));
browser.close();
}
}
}

The Page class emits various events (described below) which can be handled using any of Node's native EventEmitter methods, such as on, once or removeListener.

This example logs a message for a single page load event:

page.onLoad(p -> System.out.println("Page loaded!"));

To unsubscribe from events use the removeListener method:

Consumer<Request> logRequest = interceptedRequest -> {
System.out.println("A request was made: " + interceptedRequest.url());
};
page.onRequest(logRequest);
// Sometime later...
page.offRequest(logRequest);

Page.onClose(handler)

Added in: v1.8

Emitted when the page closes.

Page.onConsoleMessage(handler)

Added in: v1.8

Emitted when JavaScript within the page calls one of console API methods, e.g. console.log or console.dir. Also emitted if the page throws an error or a warning.

The arguments passed into console.log appear as arguments on the event handler.

An example of handling console event:

page.onConsoleMessage(msg -> {
for (int i = 0; i < msg.args().size(); ++i)
System.out.println(i + ": " + msg.args().get(i).jsonValue());
});
page.evaluate("() => console.log('hello', 5, {foo: 'bar'})");

Page.onCrash(handler)

Added in: v1.8

Emitted when the page crashes. Browser pages might crash if they try to allocate too much memory. When the page crashes, ongoing and subsequent operations will throw.

The most common way to deal with crashes is to catch an exception:

try {
// Crash might happen during a click.
page.click("button");
// Or while waiting for an event.
page.waitForPopup(() -> {});
} catch (PlaywrightException e) {
// When the page crashes, exception message contains "crash".
}

Page.onDialog(handler)

Added in: v1.8

Emitted when a JavaScript dialog appears, such as alert, prompt, confirm or beforeunload. Listener must either Dialog.accept([promptText]) or Dialog.dismiss() the dialog - otherwise the page will freeze waiting for the dialog, and actions like click will never finish.

page.onDialog(dialog -> {
dialog.accept();
});
note

When no Page.onDialog(handler) listeners are present, all dialogs are automatically dismissed.

Page.onDOMContentLoaded(handler)

Added in: v1.9

Emitted when the JavaScript DOMContentLoaded event is dispatched.

Page.onDownload(handler)

Added in: v1.8

Emitted when attachment download started. User can access basic file operations on downloaded content via the passed Download instance.

Page.onFileChooser(handler)

Added in: v1.9

Emitted when a file chooser is supposed to appear, such as after clicking the <input type=file>. Playwright can respond to it via setting the input files using FileChooser.setFiles(files[, options]) that can be uploaded after that.

page.onFileChooser(fileChooser -> {
fileChooser.setFiles(Paths.get("/tmp/myfile.pdf"));
});

Page.onFrameAttached(handler)

Added in: v1.9

Emitted when a frame is attached.

Page.onFrameDetached(handler)

Added in: v1.9

Emitted when a frame is detached.

Page.onFrameNavigated(handler)

Added in: v1.9

Emitted when a frame is navigated to a new url.

Page.onLoad(handler)

Added in: v1.8

Emitted when the JavaScript load event is dispatched.

Page.onPageError(handler)

Added in: v1.9

Emitted when an uncaught exception happens within the page.

// Log all uncaught errors to the terminal
page.onPageError(exception -> {
System.out.println("Uncaught exception: " + exception);
});

// Navigate to a page with an exception.
page.navigate("data:text/html,<script>throw new Error('Test')</script>");

Page.onPopup(handler)

Added in: v1.8

Emitted when the page opens a new tab or window. This event is emitted in addition to the BrowserContext.onPage(handler), but only for popups relevant to this page.

The earliest moment that page is available is when it has navigated to the initial url. For example, when opening a popup with window.open('http://example.com'), this event will fire when the network request to "http://example.com" is done and its response has started loading in the popup.

Page popup = page.waitForPopup(() -> {
page.evaluate("() => window.open('https://example.com')");
});
System.out.println(popup.evaluate("location.href"));
note

Use Page.waitForLoadState([state, options]) to wait until the page gets to a particular state (you should not need it in most cases).

Page.onRequest(handler)

Added in: v1.8

Emitted when a page issues a request. The request object is read-only. In order to intercept and mutate requests, see Page.route(url, handler[, options]) or BrowserContext.route(url, handler[, options]).

Page.onRequestFailed(handler)

Added in: v1.9

Emitted when a request fails, for example by timing out.

page.onRequestFailed(request -> {
System.out.println(request.url() + " " + request.failure());
});
note

HTTP Error responses, such as 404 or 503, are still successful responses from HTTP standpoint, so request will complete with Page.onRequestFinished(handler) event and not with Page.onRequestFailed(handler). A request will only be considered failed when the client cannot get an HTTP response from the server, e.g. due to network error net::ERR_FAILED.

Page.onRequestFinished(handler)

Added in: v1.9

Emitted when a request finishes successfully after downloading the response body. For a successful response, the sequence of events is request, response and requestfinished.

Page.onResponse(handler)

Added in: v1.8

Emitted when response status and headers are received for a request. For a successful response, the sequence of events is request, response and requestfinished.

Page.onWebSocket(handler)

Added in: v1.9

Emitted when WebSocket request is sent.

Page.onWorker(handler)

Added in: v1.8

Emitted when a dedicated WebWorker is spawned by the page.

Page.addInitScript(script)

Added in: v1.8
  • script <String|Path> Script to be evaluated in all pages in the browser context.#
  • returns: <void>#

Adds a script which would be evaluated in one of the following scenarios:

  • Whenever the page is navigated.
  • Whenever the child frame is attached or navigated. In this case, the script is evaluated in the context of the newly attached frame.

The script is evaluated after the document was created but before any of its scripts were run. This is useful to amend the JavaScript environment, e.g. to seed Math.random.

An example of overriding Math.random before the page loads:

// preload.js
Math.random = () => 42;
// In your playwright script, assuming the preload.js file is in same directory
page.addInitScript(Paths.get("./preload.js"));
note

The order of evaluation of multiple scripts installed via BrowserContext.addInitScript(script) and Page.addInitScript(script) is not defined.

Page.addScriptTag([options])

Added in: v1.8
  • options <Page.AddScriptTagOptions>
    • setContent <String> Raw JavaScript content to be injected into frame.#
    • setPath <Path> Path to the JavaScript file to be injected into frame. If path is a relative path, then it is resolved relative to the current working directory.#
    • setType <String> Script type. Use 'module' in order to load a Javascript ES6 module. See script for more details.#
    • setUrl <String> URL of a script to be added.#
  • returns: <ElementHandle>#

Adds a <script> tag into the page with the desired url or content. Returns the added tag when the script's onload fires or when the script content was injected into frame.

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.addScriptTag([options]).

Page.addStyleTag([options])

Added in: v1.8
  • options <Page.AddStyleTagOptions>
    • setContent <String> Raw CSS content to be injected into frame.#
    • setPath <Path> Path to the CSS file to be injected into frame. If path is a relative path, then it is resolved relative to the current working directory.#
    • setUrl <String> URL of the <link> tag.#
  • returns: <ElementHandle>#

Adds a <link rel="stylesheet"> tag into the page with the desired url or a <style type="text/css"> tag with the content. Returns the added tag when the stylesheet's onload fires or when the CSS content was injected into frame.

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.addStyleTag([options]).

Page.bringToFront()

Added in: v1.8

Brings page to front (activates tab).

Page.check(selector[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • options <Page.CheckOptions>
    • setForce <boolean> Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.#
    • setNoWaitAfter <boolean> Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.#
    • setPosition <Position> A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element. Added in: v1.11#
    • setStrict <boolean> When true, the call requires selector to resolve to a single element. If given selector resolves to more then one element, the call throws an exception. Added in: v1.14#
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#
    • setTrial <boolean> When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it. Added in: v1.11#
  • returns: <void>#

This method checks an element matching selector by performing the following steps:

  1. Find an element matching selector. If there is none, wait until a matching element is attached to the DOM.
  2. Ensure that matched element is a checkbox or a radio input. If not, this method throws. If the element is already checked, this method returns immediately.
  3. Wait for actionability checks on the matched element, unless force option is set. If the element is detached during the checks, the whole action is retried.
  4. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  5. Use Page.mouse() to click in the center of the element.
  6. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set.
  7. Ensure that the element is now checked. If not, this method throws.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.check(selector[, options]).

Page.click(selector[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • options <Page.ClickOptions>
    • setButton <enum MouseButton { LEFT, RIGHT, MIDDLE }> Defaults to left.#
    • setClickCount <int> defaults to 1. See UIEvent.detail.#
    • setDelay <double> Time to wait between mousedown and mouseup in milliseconds. Defaults to 0.#
    • setForce <boolean> Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.#
    • setModifiers <List<enum KeyboardModifier { ALT, CONTROL, META, SHIFT }>> Modifier keys to press. Ensures that only these modifiers are pressed during the operation, and then restores current modifiers back. If not specified, currently pressed modifiers are used.#
    • setNoWaitAfter <boolean> Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.#
    • setPosition <Position> A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element.#
    • setStrict <boolean> When true, the call requires selector to resolve to a single element. If given selector resolves to more then one element, the call throws an exception. Added in: v1.14#
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#
    • setTrial <boolean> When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it. Added in: v1.11#
  • returns: <void>#

This method clicks an element matching selector by performing the following steps:

  1. Find an element matching selector. If there is none, wait until a matching element is attached to the DOM.
  2. Wait for actionability checks on the matched element, unless force option is set. If the element is detached during the checks, the whole action is retried.
  3. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  4. Use Page.mouse() to click in the center of the element, or the specified position.
  5. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.click(selector[, options]).

Page.close([options])

Added in: v1.8
  • options <Page.CloseOptions>
  • returns: <void>#

If runBeforeUnload is false, does not run any unload handlers and waits for the page to be closed. If runBeforeUnload is true the method will run unload handlers, but will not wait for the page to close.

By default, page.close() does not run beforeunload handlers.

note

if runBeforeUnload is passed as true, a beforeunload dialog might be summoned and should be handled manually via Page.onDialog(handler) event.

Page.content()

Added in: v1.8

Gets the full HTML contents of the page, including the doctype.

Page.context()

Added in: v1.8

Get the browser context that the page belongs to.

Page.dblclick(selector[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • options <Page.DblclickOptions>
    • setButton <enum MouseButton { LEFT, RIGHT, MIDDLE }> Defaults to left.#
    • setDelay <double> Time to wait between mousedown and mouseup in milliseconds. Defaults to 0.#
    • setForce <boolean> Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.#
    • setModifiers <List<enum KeyboardModifier { ALT, CONTROL, META, SHIFT }>> Modifier keys to press. Ensures that only these modifiers are pressed during the operation, and then restores current modifiers back. If not specified, currently pressed modifiers are used.#
    • setNoWaitAfter <boolean> Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.#
    • setPosition <Position> A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element.#
    • setStrict <boolean> When true, the call requires selector to resolve to a single element. If given selector resolves to more then one element, the call throws an exception. Added in: v1.14#
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#
    • setTrial <boolean> When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it. Added in: v1.11#
  • returns: <void>#

This method double clicks an element matching selector by performing the following steps:

  1. Find an element matching selector. If there is none, wait until a matching element is attached to the DOM.
  2. Wait for actionability checks on the matched element, unless force option is set. If the element is detached during the checks, the whole action is retried.
  3. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  4. Use Page.mouse() to double click in the center of the element, or the specified position.
  5. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set. Note that if the first click of the dblclick() triggers a navigation event, this method will throw.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.

note

page.dblclick() dispatches two click events and a single dblclick event.

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.dblclick(selector[, options]).

Page.dispatchEvent(selector, type[, eventInit, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • type <String> DOM event type: "click", "dragstart", etc.#
  • eventInit <EvaluationArgument> Optional event-specific initialization properties.#
  • options <Page.DispatchEventOptions>
  • returns: <void>#

The snippet below dispatches the click event on the element. Regardless of the visibility state of the element, click is dispatched. This is equivalent to calling element.click().

page.dispatchEvent("button#submit", "click");

Under the hood, it creates an instance of an event based on the given type, initializes it with eventInit properties and dispatches it on the element. Events are composed, cancelable and bubble by default.

Since eventInit is event-specific, please refer to the events documentation for the lists of initial properties:

You can also specify JSHandle as the property value if you want live objects to be passed into the event:

// Note you can only create DataTransfer in Chromium and Firefox
JSHandle dataTransfer = page.evaluateHandle("() => new DataTransfer()");
Map<String, Object> arg = new HashMap<>();
arg.put("dataTransfer", dataTransfer);
page.dispatchEvent("#source", "dragstart", arg);

Page.dragAndDrop(source, target[, options])

Added in: v1.13
  • source <String> A selector to search for an element to drag. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • target <String> A selector to search for an element to drop onto. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • options <Page.DragAndDropOptions>
    • setForce <boolean> Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.#
    • setNoWaitAfter <boolean> Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.#
    • setSourcePosition <SourcePosition> Clicks on the source element at this point relative to the top-left corner of the element's padding box. If not specified, some visible point of the element is used. Added in: v1.14#
    • setStrict <boolean> When true, the call requires selector to resolve to a single element. If given selector resolves to more then one element, the call throws an exception. Added in: v1.14#
    • setTargetPosition <TargetPosition> Drops on the target element at this point relative to the top-left corner of the element's padding box. If not specified, some visible point of the element is used. Added in: v1.14#
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#
    • setTrial <boolean> When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it.#
  • returns: <void>#

Page.emulateMedia([options])

Added in: v1.8
  • options <Page.EmulateMediaOptions>

    • setColorScheme <null|enum ColorScheme { LIGHT, DARK, NO_PREFERENCE }> Emulates 'prefers-colors-scheme' media feature, supported values are 'light', 'dark', 'no-preference'. Passing null disables color scheme emulation. Added in: v1.9#

    • setForcedColors <null|enum ForcedColors { ACTIVE, NONE }> Emulates 'forced-colors' media feature, supported values are 'active' and 'none'. Passing null disables forced colors emulation. Added in: v1.15#

      note

      It's not supported in WebKit, see here in their issue tracker.

    • setMedia <null|enum Media { SCREEN, PRINT }> Changes the CSS media type of the page. The only allowed values are 'screen', 'print' and null. Passing null disables CSS media emulation. Added in: v1.9#

    • setReducedMotion <null|enum ReducedMotion { REDUCE, NO_PREFERENCE }> Emulates 'prefers-reduced-motion' media feature, supported values are 'reduce', 'no-preference'. Passing null disables reduced motion emulation. Added in: v1.12#

  • returns: <void>#

This method changes the CSS media type through the media argument, and/or the 'prefers-colors-scheme' media feature, using the colorScheme argument.

page.evaluate("() => matchMedia('screen').matches");
// → true
page.evaluate("() => matchMedia('print').matches");
// → false

page.emulateMedia(new Page.EmulateMediaOptions().setMedia(Media.PRINT));
page.evaluate("() => matchMedia('screen').matches");
// → false
page.evaluate("() => matchMedia('print').matches");
// → true

page.emulateMedia(new Page.EmulateMediaOptions());
page.evaluate("() => matchMedia('screen').matches");
// → true
page.evaluate("() => matchMedia('print').matches");
// → false
page.emulateMedia(new Page.EmulateMediaOptions().setColorScheme(ColorScheme.DARK));
page.evaluate("() => matchMedia('(prefers-color-scheme: dark)').matches");
// → true
page.evaluate("() => matchMedia('(prefers-color-scheme: light)').matches");
// → false
page.evaluate("() => matchMedia('(prefers-color-scheme: no-preference)').matches");
// → false

Page.evalOnSelector(selector, expression[, arg, options])

Added in: v1.9
  • selector <String> A selector to query for. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • expression <String> JavaScript expression to be evaluated in the browser context. If it looks like a function declaration, it is interpreted as a function. Otherwise, evaluated as an expression.#
  • arg <EvaluationArgument> Optional argument to pass to expression.#
  • options <Page.EvalOnSelectorOptions>
    • setStrict <boolean> When true, the call requires selector to resolve to a single element. If given selector resolves to more then one element, the call throws an exception. Added in: v1.14#
  • returns: <Object>#
caution

This method does not wait for the element to pass actionability checks and therefore can lead to the flaky tests. Use Locator.evaluate(expression[, arg, options]), other Locator helper methods or web-first assertions instead.

The method finds an element matching the specified selector within the page and passes it as a first argument to expression. If no elements match the selector, the method throws an error. Returns the value of expression.

If expression returns a Promise, then Page.evalOnSelector(selector, expression[, arg, options]) would wait for the promise to resolve and return its value.

Examples:

String searchValue = (String) page.evalOnSelector("#search", "el => el.value");
String preloadHref = (String) page.evalOnSelector("link[rel=preload]", "el => el.href");
String html = (String) page.evalOnSelector(".main-container", "(e, suffix) => e.outerHTML + suffix", "hello");

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.evalOnSelector(selector, expression[, arg, options]).

Page.evalOnSelectorAll(selector, expression[, arg])

Added in: v1.9
  • selector <String> A selector to query for. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • expression <String> JavaScript expression to be evaluated in the browser context. If it looks like a function declaration, it is interpreted as a function. Otherwise, evaluated as an expression.#
  • arg <EvaluationArgument> Optional argument to pass to expression.#
  • returns: <Object>#
note

In most cases, Locator.evaluateAll(expression[, arg]), other Locator helper methods and web-first assertions do a better job.

The method finds all elements matching the specified selector within the page and passes an array of matched elements as a first argument to expression. Returns the result of expression invocation.

If expression returns a Promise, then Page.evalOnSelectorAll(selector, expression[, arg]) would wait for the promise to resolve and return its value.

Examples:

boolean divCounts = (boolean) page.evalOnSelectorAll("div", "(divs, min) => divs.length >= min", 10);

Page.evaluate(expression[, arg])

Added in: v1.8
  • expression <String> JavaScript expression to be evaluated in the browser context. If it looks like a function declaration, it is interpreted as a function. Otherwise, evaluated as an expression.#
  • arg <EvaluationArgument> Optional argument to pass to expression.#
  • returns: <Object>#

Returns the value of the expression invocation.

If the function passed to the Page.evaluate(expression[, arg]) returns a Promise, then Page.evaluate(expression[, arg]) would wait for the promise to resolve and return its value.

If the function passed to the Page.evaluate(expression[, arg]) returns a non-Serializable value, then Page.evaluate(expression[, arg]) resolves to undefined. Playwright also supports transferring some additional values that are not serializable by JSON: -0, NaN, Infinity, -Infinity.

Passing argument to expression:

Object result = page.evaluate("([x, y]) => {\n" +
" return Promise.resolve(x * y);\n" +
"}", Arrays.asList(7, 8));
System.out.println(result); // prints "56"

A string can also be passed in instead of a function:

System.out.println(page.evaluate("1 + 2")); // prints "3"

ElementHandle instances can be passed as an argument to the Page.evaluate(expression[, arg]):

ElementHandle bodyHandle = page.evaluate("document.body");
String html = (String) page.evaluate("([body, suffix]) => body.innerHTML + suffix", Arrays.asList(bodyHandle, "hello"));
bodyHandle.dispose();

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.evaluate(expression[, arg]).

Page.evaluateHandle(expression[, arg])

Added in: v1.8
  • expression <String> JavaScript expression to be evaluated in the browser context. If it looks like a function declaration, it is interpreted as a function. Otherwise, evaluated as an expression.#
  • arg <EvaluationArgument> Optional argument to pass to expression.#
  • returns: <JSHandle>#

Returns the value of the expression invocation as a JSHandle.

The only difference between Page.evaluate(expression[, arg]) and Page.evaluateHandle(expression[, arg]) is that Page.evaluateHandle(expression[, arg]) returns JSHandle.

If the function passed to the Page.evaluateHandle(expression[, arg]) returns a Promise, then Page.evaluateHandle(expression[, arg]) would wait for the promise to resolve and return its value.

// Handle for the window object.
JSHandle aWindowHandle = page.evaluateHandle("() => Promise.resolve(window)");

A string can also be passed in instead of a function:

JSHandle aHandle = page.evaluateHandle("document"); // Handle for the "document".

JSHandle instances can be passed as an argument to the Page.evaluateHandle(expression[, arg]):

JSHandle aHandle = page.evaluateHandle("() => document.body");
JSHandle resultHandle = page.evaluateHandle("([body, suffix]) => body.innerHTML + suffix", Arrays.asList(aHandle, "hello"));
System.out.println(resultHandle.jsonValue());
resultHandle.dispose();

Page.exposeBinding(name, callback[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • name <String> Name of the function on the window object.#
  • callback <BindingCallback> Callback function that will be called in the Playwright's context.#
  • options <Page.ExposeBindingOptions>
    • setHandle <boolean> Whether to pass the argument as a handle, instead of passing by value. When passing a handle, only one argument is supported. When passing by value, multiple arguments are supported.#
  • returns: <void>#

The method adds a function called name on the window object of every frame in this page. When called, the function executes callback and returns a Promise which resolves to the return value of callback. If the callback returns a Promise, it will be awaited.

The first argument of the callback function contains information about the caller: { browserContext: BrowserContext, page: Page, frame: Frame }.

See BrowserContext.exposeBinding(name, callback[, options]) for the context-wide version.

note

Functions installed via Page.exposeBinding(name, callback[, options]) survive navigations.

An example of exposing page URL to all frames in a page:

import com.microsoft.playwright.*;

public class Example {
public static void main(String[] args) {
try (Playwright playwright = Playwright.create()) {
BrowserType webkit = playwright.webkit();
Browser browser = webkit.launch({ headless: false });
BrowserContext context = browser.newContext();
Page page = context.newPage();
page.exposeBinding("pageURL", (source, args) -> source.page().url());
page.setContent("<script>\n" +
" async function onClick() {\n" +
" document.querySelector('div').textContent = await window.pageURL();\n" +
" }\n" +
"</script>\n" +
"<button onclick=\"onClick()\">Click me</button>\n" +
"<div></div>");
page.click("button");
}
}
}

An example of passing an element handle:

page.exposeBinding("clicked", (source, args) -> {
ElementHandle element = (ElementHandle) args[0];
System.out.println(element.textContent());
return null;
}, new Page.ExposeBindingOptions().setHandle(true));
page.setContent("" +
"<script>\n" +
" document.addEventListener('click', event => window.clicked(event.target));\n" +
"</script>\n" +
"<div>Click me</div>\n" +
"<div>Or click me</div>\n");

Page.exposeFunction(name, callback)

Added in: v1.8
  • name <String> Name of the function on the window object#
  • callback <FunctionCallback> Callback function which will be called in Playwright's context.#
  • returns: <void>#

The method adds a function called name on the window object of every frame in the page. When called, the function executes callback and returns a Promise which resolves to the return value of callback.

If the callback returns a Promise, it will be awaited.

See BrowserContext.exposeFunction(name, callback) for context-wide exposed function.

note

Functions installed via Page.exposeFunction(name, callback) survive navigations.

An example of adding a sha256 function to the page:

import com.microsoft.playwright.*;

import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets;
import java.security.MessageDigest;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.util.Base64;

public class Example {
public static void main(String[] args) {
try (Playwright playwright = Playwright.create()) {
BrowserType webkit = playwright.webkit();
Browser browser = webkit.launch({ headless: false });
Page page = browser.newPage();
page.exposeFunction("sha256", args -> {
String text = (String) args[0];
MessageDigest crypto;
try {
crypto = MessageDigest.getInstance("SHA-256");
} catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
return null;
}
byte[] token = crypto.digest(text.getBytes(StandardCharsets.UTF_8));
return Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(token);
});
page.setContent("<script>\n" +
" async function onClick() {\n" +
" document.querySelector('div').textContent = await window.sha256('PLAYWRIGHT');\n" +
" }\n" +
"</script>\n" +
"<button onclick=\"onClick()\">Click me</button>\n" +
"<div></div>\n");
page.click("button");
}
}
}

Page.fill(selector, value[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • value <String> Value to fill for the <input>, <textarea> or [contenteditable] element.#
  • options <Page.FillOptions>
    • setForce <boolean> Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false. Added in: v1.13#
    • setNoWaitAfter <boolean> Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.#
    • setStrict <boolean> When true, the call requires selector to resolve to a single element. If given selector resolves to more then one element, the call throws an exception. Added in: v1.14#
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#
  • returns: <void>#

This method waits for an element matching selector, waits for actionability checks, focuses the element, fills it and triggers an input event after filling. Note that you can pass an empty string to clear the input field.

If the target element is not an <input>, <textarea> or [contenteditable] element, this method throws an error. However, if the element is inside the <label> element that has an associated control, the control will be filled instead.

To send fine-grained keyboard events, use Page.type(selector, text[, options]).

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.fill(selector, value[, options]).

Page.focus(selector[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • options <Page.FocusOptions>
  • returns: <void>#

This method fetches an element with selector and focuses it. If there's no element matching selector, the method waits until a matching element appears in the DOM.

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.focus(selector[, options]).

Page.frame(name)

Added in: v1.8
  • name <String> Frame name specified in the iframe's name attribute. Added in: v1.9#
  • returns: <null|Frame>#

Returns frame matching the specified criteria. Either name or url must be specified.

Frame frame = page.frame("frame-name");
Frame frame = page.frameByUrl(Pattern.compile(".*domain.*");

Page.frameByUrl(url)

Added in: v1.9

Returns frame with matching URL.

Page.frameLocator(selector)

Added in: v1.17

When working with iframes, you can create a frame locator that will enter the iframe and allow selecting elements in that iframe. Following snippet locates element with text "Submit" in the iframe with id my-frame, like <iframe id="my-frame">:

Locator locator = page.frameLocator("#my-iframe").locator("text=Submit");
locator.click();

Page.frames()

Added in: v1.8

An array of all frames attached to the page.

Page.getAttribute(selector, name[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • name <String> Attribute name to get the value for.#
  • options <Page.GetAttributeOptions>
  • returns: <null|String>#

Returns element attribute value.

Page.goBack([options])

Added in: v1.8
  • options <Page.GoBackOptions>
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum operation time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultNavigationTimeout(timeout), BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout), Page.setDefaultNavigationTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#
    • setWaitUntil <enum WaitUntilState { LOAD, DOMCONTENTLOADED, NETWORKIDLE, COMMIT }> When to consider operation succeeded, defaults to load. Events can be either:#
      • 'domcontentloaded' - consider operation to be finished when the DOMContentLoaded event is fired.
      • 'load' - consider operation to be finished when the load event is fired.
      • 'networkidle' - consider operation to be finished when there are no network connections for at least 500 ms.
      • 'commit' - consider operation to be finished when network response is received and the document started loading.
  • returns: <null|Response>#

Returns the main resource response. In case of multiple redirects, the navigation will resolve with the response of the last redirect. If can not go back, returns null.

Navigate to the previous page in history.

Page.goForward([options])

Added in: v1.8
  • options <Page.GoForwardOptions>
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum operation time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultNavigationTimeout(timeout), BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout), Page.setDefaultNavigationTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#
    • setWaitUntil <enum WaitUntilState { LOAD, DOMCONTENTLOADED, NETWORKIDLE, COMMIT }> When to consider operation succeeded, defaults to load. Events can be either:#
      • 'domcontentloaded' - consider operation to be finished when the DOMContentLoaded event is fired.
      • 'load' - consider operation to be finished when the load event is fired.
      • 'networkidle' - consider operation to be finished when there are no network connections for at least 500 ms.
      • 'commit' - consider operation to be finished when network response is received and the document started loading.
  • returns: <null|Response>#

Returns the main resource response. In case of multiple redirects, the navigation will resolve with the response of the last redirect. If can not go forward, returns null.

Navigate to the next page in history.

Page.hover(selector[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • options <Page.HoverOptions>
    • setForce <boolean> Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.#
    • setModifiers <List<enum KeyboardModifier { ALT, CONTROL, META, SHIFT }>> Modifier keys to press. Ensures that only these modifiers are pressed during the operation, and then restores current modifiers back. If not specified, currently pressed modifiers are used.#
    • setPosition <Position> A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element.#
    • setStrict <boolean> When true, the call requires selector to resolve to a single element. If given selector resolves to more then one element, the call throws an exception. Added in: v1.14#
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#
    • setTrial <boolean> When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it. Added in: v1.11#
  • returns: <void>#

This method hovers over an element matching selector by performing the following steps:

  1. Find an element matching selector. If there is none, wait until a matching element is attached to the DOM.
  2. Wait for actionability checks on the matched element, unless force option is set. If the element is detached during the checks, the whole action is retried.
  3. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  4. Use Page.mouse() to hover over the center of the element, or the specified position.
  5. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.hover(selector[, options]).

Page.innerHTML(selector[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • options <Page.InnerHTMLOptions>
  • returns: <String>#

Returns element.innerHTML.

Page.innerText(selector[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • options <Page.InnerTextOptions>
  • returns: <String>#

Returns element.innerText.

Page.inputValue(selector[, options])

Added in: v1.13
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • options <Page.InputValueOptions>
  • returns: <String>#

Returns input.value for the selected <input> or <textarea> or <select> element.

Throws for non-input elements. However, if the element is inside the <label> element that has an associated control, returns the value of the control.

Page.isChecked(selector[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • options <Page.IsCheckedOptions>
  • returns: <boolean>#

Returns whether the element is checked. Throws if the element is not a checkbox or radio input.

Page.isClosed()

Added in: v1.8

Indicates that the page has been closed.

Page.isDisabled(selector[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • options <Page.IsDisabledOptions>
  • returns: <boolean>#

Returns whether the element is disabled, the opposite of enabled.

Page.isEditable(selector[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • options <Page.IsEditableOptions>
  • returns: <boolean>#

Returns whether the element is editable.

Page.isEnabled(selector[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • options <Page.IsEnabledOptions>
  • returns: <boolean>#

Returns whether the element is enabled.

Page.isHidden(selector[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • options <Page.IsHiddenOptions>
    • setStrict <boolean> When true, the call requires selector to resolve to a single element. If given selector resolves to more then one element, the call throws an exception. Added in: v1.14#
    • setTimeout <double> DEPRECATED This option is ignored. Page.isHidden(selector[, options]) does not wait for the element to become hidden and returns immediately.#
  • returns: <boolean>#

Returns whether the element is hidden, the opposite of visible. selector that does not match any elements is considered hidden.

Page.isVisible(selector[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • options <Page.IsVisibleOptions>
    • setStrict <boolean> When true, the call requires selector to resolve to a single element. If given selector resolves to more then one element, the call throws an exception. Added in: v1.14#
    • setTimeout <double> DEPRECATED This option is ignored. Page.isVisible(selector[, options]) does not wait for the element to become visible and returns immediately.#
  • returns: <boolean>#

Returns whether the element is visible. selector that does not match any elements is considered not visible.

Page.locator(selector[, options])

Added in: v1.14
  • selector <String> A selector to use when resolving DOM element. See working with selectors for more details.#

  • options <Page.LocatorOptions>

    • setHas <Locator> Matches elements containing an element that matches an inner locator. Inner locator is queried against the outer one. For example, article that has text=Playwright matches <article><div>Playwright</div></article>.#

      Note that outer and inner locators must belong to the same frame. Inner locator must not contain FrameLocators.

    • setHasText <String|Pattern> Matches elements containing specified text somewhere inside, possibly in a child or a descendant element. When passed a string, matching is case-insensitive and searches for a substring. For example, "Playwright" matches <article><div>Playwright</div></article>.#

  • returns: <Locator>#

The method returns an element locator that can be used to perform actions on the page. Locator is resolved to the element immediately before performing an action, so a series of actions on the same locator can in fact be performed on different DOM elements. That would happen if the DOM structure between those actions has changed.

Learn more about locators.

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.locator(selector[, options]).

Page.mainFrame()

Added in: v1.8

The page's main frame. Page is guaranteed to have a main frame which persists during navigations.

Page.navigate(url[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • url <String> URL to navigate page to. The url should include scheme, e.g. https://. When a baseURL via the context options was provided and the passed URL is a path, it gets merged via the new URL() constructor.#
  • options <Page.NavigateOptions>
  • returns: <null|Response>#

Returns the main resource response. In case of multiple redirects, the navigation will resolve with the first non-redirect response.

The method will throw an error if:

  • there's an SSL error (e.g. in case of self-signed certificates).
  • target URL is invalid.
  • the timeout is exceeded during navigation.
  • the remote server does not respond or is unreachable.
  • the main resource failed to load.

The method will not throw an error when any valid HTTP status code is returned by the remote server, including 404 "Not Found" and 500 "Internal Server Error". The status code for such responses can be retrieved by calling Response.status().

note

The method either throws an error or returns a main resource response. The only exceptions are navigation to about:blank or navigation to the same URL with a different hash, which would succeed and return null.

note

Headless mode doesn't support navigation to a PDF document. See the upstream issue.

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.navigate(url[, options])

Page.onceDialog(handler)

Added in: v1.10

Adds one-off Dialog handler. The handler will be removed immediately after next Dialog is created.

page.onceDialog(dialog -> {
dialog.accept("foo");
});

// prints 'foo'
System.out.println(page.evaluate("prompt('Enter string:')"));

// prints 'null' as the dialog will be auto-dismissed because there are no handlers.
System.out.println(page.evaluate("prompt('Enter string:')"));

This code above is equivalent to:

Consumer<Dialog> handler = new Consumer<Dialog>() {
@Override
public void accept(Dialog dialog) {
dialog.accept("foo");
page.offDialog(this);
}
};
page.onDialog(handler);

// prints 'foo'
System.out.println(page.evaluate("prompt('Enter string:')"));

// prints 'null' as the dialog will be auto-dismissed because there are no handlers.
System.out.println(page.evaluate("prompt('Enter string:')"));

Page.opener()

Added in: v1.8

Returns the opener for popup pages and null for others. If the opener has been closed already the returns null.

Page.pause()

Added in: v1.9

Pauses script execution. Playwright will stop executing the script and wait for the user to either press 'Resume' button in the page overlay or to call playwright.resume() in the DevTools console.

User can inspect selectors or perform manual steps while paused. Resume will continue running the original script from the place it was paused.

note

This method requires Playwright to be started in a headed mode, with a falsy headless value in the BrowserType.launch([options]).

Page.pdf([options])

Added in: v1.8
  • options <Page.PdfOptions>
    • setDisplayHeaderFooter <boolean> Display header and footer. Defaults to false.#
    • setFooterTemplate <String> HTML template for the print footer. Should use the same format as the headerTemplate.#
    • setFormat <String> Paper format. If set, takes priority over width or height options. Defaults to 'Letter'.#
    • setHeaderTemplate <String> HTML template for the print header. Should be valid HTML markup with following classes used to inject printing values into them:#
      • 'date' formatted print date
      • 'title' document title
      • 'url' document location
      • 'pageNumber' current page number
      • 'totalPages' total pages in the document
    • setHeight <String> Paper height, accepts values labeled with units.#
    • setLandscape <boolean> Paper orientation. Defaults to false.#
    • setMargin <Margin> Paper margins, defaults to none.#
      • setTop <String> Top margin, accepts values labeled with units. Defaults to 0.
      • setRight <String> Right margin, accepts values labeled with units. Defaults to 0.
      • setBottom <String> Bottom margin, accepts values labeled with units. Defaults to 0.
      • setLeft <String> Left margin, accepts values labeled with units. Defaults to 0.
    • setPageRanges <String> Paper ranges to print, e.g., '1-5, 8, 11-13'. Defaults to the empty string, which means print all pages.#
    • setPath <Path> The file path to save the PDF to. If path is a relative path, then it is resolved relative to the current working directory. If no path is provided, the PDF won't be saved to the disk.#
    • setPreferCSSPageSize <boolean> Give any CSS @page size declared in the page priority over what is declared in width and height or format options. Defaults to false, which will scale the content to fit the paper size.#
    • setPrintBackground <boolean> Print background graphics. Defaults to false.#
    • setScale <double> Scale of the webpage rendering. Defaults to 1. Scale amount must be between 0.1 and 2.#
    • setWidth <String> Paper width, accepts values labeled with units.#
  • returns: <byte[]>#

Returns the PDF buffer.

note

Generating a pdf is currently only supported in Chromium headless.

page.pdf() generates a pdf of the page with print css media. To generate a pdf with screen media, call Page.emulateMedia([options]) before calling page.pdf():

note

By default, page.pdf() generates a pdf with modified colors for printing. Use the -webkit-print-color-adjust property to force rendering of exact colors.

// Generates a PDF with "screen" media type.
page.emulateMedia(new Page.EmulateMediaOptions().setMedia(Media.SCREEN));
page.pdf(new Page.PdfOptions().setPath(Paths.get("page.pdf")));

The width, height, and margin options accept values labeled with units. Unlabeled values are treated as pixels.

A few examples:

  • page.pdf({width: 100}) - prints with width set to 100 pixels
  • page.pdf({width: '100px'}) - prints with width set to 100 pixels
  • page.pdf({width: '10cm'}) - prints with width set to 10 centimeters.

All possible units are:

  • px - pixel
  • in - inch
  • cm - centimeter
  • mm - millimeter

The format options are:

  • Letter: 8.5in x 11in
  • Legal: 8.5in x 14in
  • Tabloid: 11in x 17in
  • Ledger: 17in x 11in
  • A0: 33.1in x 46.8in
  • A1: 23.4in x 33.1in
  • A2: 16.54in x 23.4in
  • A3: 11.7in x 16.54in
  • A4: 8.27in x 11.7in
  • A5: 5.83in x 8.27in
  • A6: 4.13in x 5.83in
note

headerTemplate and footerTemplate markup have the following limitations: > 1. Script tags inside templates are not evaluated. > 2. Page styles are not visible inside templates.

Page.press(selector, key[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • key <String> Name of the key to press or a character to generate, such as ArrowLeft or a.#
  • options <Page.PressOptions>
    • setDelay <double> Time to wait between keydown and keyup in milliseconds. Defaults to 0.#
    • setNoWaitAfter <boolean> Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.#
    • setStrict <boolean> When true, the call requires selector to resolve to a single element. If given selector resolves to more then one element, the call throws an exception. Added in: v1.14#
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#
  • returns: <void>#

Focuses the element, and then uses Keyboard.down(key) and Keyboard.up(key).

key can specify the intended keyboardEvent.key value or a single character to generate the text for. A superset of the key values can be found here. Examples of the keys are:

F1 - F12, Digit0- Digit9, KeyA- KeyZ, Backquote, Minus, Equal, Backslash, Backspace, Tab, Delete, Escape, ArrowDown, End, Enter, Home, Insert, PageDown, PageUp, ArrowRight, ArrowUp, etc.

Following modification shortcuts are also supported: Shift, Control, Alt, Meta, ShiftLeft.

Holding down Shift will type the text that corresponds to the key in the upper case.

If key is a single character, it is case-sensitive, so the values a and A will generate different respective texts.

Shortcuts such as key: "Control+o" or key: "Control+Shift+T" are supported as well. When specified with the modifier, modifier is pressed and being held while the subsequent key is being pressed.

Page page = browser.newPage();
page.navigate("https://keycode.info");
page.press("body", "A");
page.screenshot(new Page.ScreenshotOptions().setPath(Paths.get("A.png")));
page.press("body", "ArrowLeft");
page.screenshot(new Page.ScreenshotOptions().setPath(Paths.get("ArrowLeft.png" )));
page.press("body", "Shift+O");
page.screenshot(new Page.ScreenshotOptions().setPath(Paths.get("O.png" )));

Page.querySelector(selector[, options])

Added in: v1.9
  • selector <String> A selector to query for. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • options <Page.QuerySelectorOptions>
    • setStrict <boolean> When true, the call requires selector to resolve to a single element. If given selector resolves to more then one element, the call throws an exception. Added in: v1.14#
  • returns: <null|ElementHandle>#
caution

The use of ElementHandle is discouraged, use Locator objects and web-first assertions instead.

The method finds an element matching the specified selector within the page. If no elements match the selector, the return value resolves to null. To wait for an element on the page, use Locator.waitFor([options]).

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.querySelector(selector[, options]).

Page.querySelectorAll(selector)

Added in: v1.9
caution

The use of ElementHandle is discouraged, use Locator objects and web-first assertions instead.

The method finds all elements matching the specified selector within the page. If no elements match the selector, the return value resolves to [].

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.querySelectorAll(selector).

Page.reload([options])

Added in: v1.8
  • options <Page.ReloadOptions>
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum operation time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultNavigationTimeout(timeout), BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout), Page.setDefaultNavigationTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#
    • setWaitUntil <enum WaitUntilState { LOAD, DOMCONTENTLOADED, NETWORKIDLE, COMMIT }> When to consider operation succeeded, defaults to load. Events can be either:#
      • 'domcontentloaded' - consider operation to be finished when the DOMContentLoaded event is fired.
      • 'load' - consider operation to be finished when the load event is fired.
      • 'networkidle' - consider operation to be finished when there are no network connections for at least 500 ms.
      • 'commit' - consider operation to be finished when network response is received and the document started loading.
  • returns: <null|Response>#

This method reloads the current page, in the same way as if the user had triggered a browser refresh. Returns the main resource response. In case of multiple redirects, the navigation will resolve with the response of the last redirect.

Page.route(url, handler[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • url <String|Pattern|Predicate<String>> A glob pattern, regex pattern or predicate receiving [URL] to match while routing. When a baseURL via the context options was provided and the passed URL is a path, it gets merged via the new URL() constructor.#
  • handler <Consumer<Route>> handler function to route the request.#
  • options <Page.RouteOptions>
    • setTimes <int> How often a route should be used. By default it will be used every time. Added in: v1.15#
  • returns: <void>#

Routing provides the capability to modify network requests that are made by a page.

Once routing is enabled, every request matching the url pattern will stall unless it's continued, fulfilled or aborted.

note

The handler will only be called for the first url if the response is a redirect.

note

Page.route(url, handler[, options]) will not intercept requests intercepted by Service Worker. See this issue. We recommend disabling Service Workers when using request interception by setting Browser.newContext.serviceWorkers to 'block'.

An example of a naive handler that aborts all image requests:

Page page = browser.newPage();
page.route("**/*.{png,jpg,jpeg}", route -> route.abort());
page.navigate("https://example.com");
browser.close();

or the same snippet using a regex pattern instead:

Page page = browser.newPage();
page.route(Pattern.compile("(\\.png$)|(\\.jpg$)"),route -> route.abort());
page.navigate("https://example.com");
browser.close();

It is possible to examine the request to decide the route action. For example, mocking all requests that contain some post data, and leaving all other requests as is:

page.route("/api/**", route -> {
if (route.request().postData().contains("my-string"))
route.fulfill(new Route.FulfillOptions().setBody("mocked-data"));
else
route.resume();
});

Page routes take precedence over browser context routes (set up with BrowserContext.route(url, handler[, options])) when request matches both handlers.

To remove a route with its handler you can use Page.unroute(url[, handler]).

note

Enabling routing disables http cache.

Page.routeFromHAR(har[, options])

Added in: v1.23
  • har <Path> Path to a HAR file with prerecorded network data. If path is a relative path, then it is resolved relative to the current working directory.#

  • options <Page.RouteFromHAROptions>

    • setNotFound <enum HarNotFound { ABORT, FALLBACK }> If set to 'abort' any request not found in the HAR file will be aborted.#

      • If set to 'fallback' missing requests will be sent to the network.

      Defaults to abort.

    • setUpdate <boolean> If specified, updates the given HAR with the actual network information instead of serving from file.#

    • setUrl <String|Pattern> A glob pattern, regular expression or predicate to match the request URL. Only requests with URL matching the pattern will be served from the HAR file. If not specified, all requests are served from the HAR file.#

  • returns: <void>#

If specified the network requests that are made in the page will be served from the HAR file. Read more about Replaying from HAR.

Playwright will not serve requests intercepted by Service Worker from the HAR file. See this issue. We recommend disabling Service Workers when using request interception by setting Browser.newContext.serviceWorkers to 'block'.

Page.screenshot([options])

Added in: v1.8
  • options <Page.ScreenshotOptions>

    • setAnimations <enum ScreenshotAnimations { DISABLED, ALLOW }> When set to "disabled", stops CSS animations, CSS transitions and Web Animations. Animations get different treatment depending on their duration:#

      • finite animations are fast-forwarded to completion, so they'll fire transitionend event.
      • infinite animations are canceled to initial state, and then played over after the screenshot.

      Defaults to "allow" that leaves animations untouched.

    • setCaret <enum ScreenshotCaret { HIDE, INITIAL }> When set to "hide", screenshot will hide text caret. When set to "initial", text caret behavior will not be changed. Defaults to "hide".#

    • setClip <Clip> An object which specifies clipping of the resulting image. Should have the following fields:#

      • setX <double> x-coordinate of top-left corner of clip area
      • setY <double> y-coordinate of top-left corner of clip area
      • setWidth <double> width of clipping area
      • setHeight <double> height of clipping area
    • setFullPage <boolean> When true, takes a screenshot of the full scrollable page, instead of the currently visible viewport. Defaults to false.#

    • setMask <List<Locator>> Specify locators that should be masked when the screenshot is taken. Masked elements will be overlaid with a pink box #FF00FF that completely covers its bounding box.#

    • setOmitBackground <boolean> Hides default white background and allows capturing screenshots with transparency. Not applicable to jpeg images. Defaults to false.#

    • setPath <Path> The file path to save the image to. The screenshot type will be inferred from file extension. If path is a relative path, then it is resolved relative to the current working directory. If no path is provided, the image won't be saved to the disk.#

    • setQuality <int> The quality of the image, between 0-100. Not applicable to png images.#

    • setScale <enum ScreenshotScale { CSS, DEVICE }> When set to "css", screenshot will have a single pixel per each css pixel on the page. For high-dpi devices, this will keep screenshots small. Using "device" option will produce a single pixel per each device pixel, so screenhots of high-dpi devices will be twice as large or even larger.#

      Defaults to "device".

    • setTimeout <double> Maximum time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#

    • setType <enum ScreenshotType { PNG, JPEG }> Specify screenshot type, defaults to png.#

  • returns: <byte[]>#

Returns the buffer with the captured screenshot.

Page.selectOption(selector, values[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • values <null|String|ElementHandle|String[]|SelectOption|ElementHandle[]|SelectOption[]> Options to select. If the <select> has the multiple attribute, all matching options are selected, otherwise only the first option matching one of the passed options is selected. String values are equivalent to {value:'string'}. Option is considered matching if all specified properties match.#
    • setValue <String> Matches by option.value. Optional.
    • setLabel <String> Matches by option.label. Optional.
    • setIndex <int> Matches by the index. Optional.
  • options <Page.SelectOptionOptions>
    • setForce <boolean> Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false. Added in: v1.13#
    • setNoWaitAfter <boolean> Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.#
    • setStrict <boolean> When true, the call requires selector to resolve to a single element. If given selector resolves to more then one element, the call throws an exception. Added in: v1.14#
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#
  • returns: <List<String>>#

This method waits for an element matching selector, waits for actionability checks, waits until all specified options are present in the <select> element and selects these options.

If the target element is not a <select> element, this method throws an error. However, if the element is inside the <label> element that has an associated control, the control will be used instead.

Returns the array of option values that have been successfully selected.

Triggers a change and input event once all the provided options have been selected.

// single selection matching the value
page.selectOption("select#colors", "blue");
// single selection matching both the value and the label
page.selectOption("select#colors", new SelectOption().setLabel("Blue"));
// multiple selection
page.selectOption("select#colors", new String[] {"red", "green", "blue"});

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.selectOption(selector, values[, options]).

Page.setChecked(selector, checked[, options])

Added in: v1.15
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • checked <boolean> Whether to check or uncheck the checkbox.#
  • options <Page.SetCheckedOptions>
    • setForce <boolean> Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.#
    • setNoWaitAfter <boolean> Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.#
    • setPosition <Position> A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element.#
    • setStrict <boolean> When true, the call requires selector to resolve to a single element. If given selector resolves to more then one element, the call throws an exception.#
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#
    • setTrial <boolean> When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it.#
  • returns: <void>#

This method checks or unchecks an element matching selector by performing the following steps:

  1. Find an element matching selector. If there is none, wait until a matching element is attached to the DOM.
  2. Ensure that matched element is a checkbox or a radio input. If not, this method throws.
  3. If the element already has the right checked state, this method returns immediately.
  4. Wait for actionability checks on the matched element, unless force option is set. If the element is detached during the checks, the whole action is retried.
  5. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  6. Use Page.mouse() to click in the center of the element.
  7. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set.
  8. Ensure that the element is now checked or unchecked. If not, this method throws.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.setChecked(selector, checked[, options]).

Page.setContent(html[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • html <String> HTML markup to assign to the page.#
  • options <Page.SetContentOptions>
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum operation time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultNavigationTimeout(timeout), BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout), Page.setDefaultNavigationTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#
    • setWaitUntil <enum WaitUntilState { LOAD, DOMCONTENTLOADED, NETWORKIDLE, COMMIT }> When to consider operation succeeded, defaults to load. Events can be either:#
      • 'domcontentloaded' - consider operation to be finished when the DOMContentLoaded event is fired.
      • 'load' - consider operation to be finished when the load event is fired.
      • 'networkidle' - consider operation to be finished when there are no network connections for at least 500 ms.
      • 'commit' - consider operation to be finished when network response is received and the document started loading.
  • returns: <void>#

Page.setDefaultNavigationTimeout(timeout)

Added in: v1.8
  • timeout <double> Maximum navigation time in milliseconds#
  • returns: <void>#

This setting will change the default maximum navigation time for the following methods and related shortcuts:

Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout)

Added in: v1.8
  • timeout <double> Maximum time in milliseconds#
  • returns: <void>#

This setting will change the default maximum time for all the methods accepting timeout option.

Page.setExtraHTTPHeaders(headers)

Added in: v1.8
  • headers <Map<String, String>> An object containing additional HTTP headers to be sent with every request. All header values must be strings.#
  • returns: <void>#

The extra HTTP headers will be sent with every request the page initiates.

note

Page.setExtraHTTPHeaders(headers) does not guarantee the order of headers in the outgoing requests.

Page.setInputFiles(selector, files[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • files <Path|Path[]|FilePayload|FilePayload[]>#
  • options <Page.SetInputFilesOptions>
    • setNoWaitAfter <boolean> Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.#
    • setStrict <boolean> When true, the call requires selector to resolve to a single element. If given selector resolves to more then one element, the call throws an exception. Added in: v1.14#
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#
  • returns: <void>#

Sets the value of the file input to these file paths or files. If some of the filePaths are relative paths, then they are resolved relative to the current working directory. For empty array, clears the selected files.

This method expects selector to point to an input element. However, if the element is inside the <label> element that has an associated control, targets the control instead.

Page.setViewportSize(width, height)

Added in: v1.8
  • width <int> Added in: v1.10#
  • height <int> Added in: v1.10#
  • returns: <void>#

In the case of multiple pages in a single browser, each page can have its own viewport size. However, Browser.newContext([options]) allows to set viewport size (and more) for all pages in the context at once.

Page.setViewportSize(width, height) will resize the page. A lot of websites don't expect phones to change size, so you should set the viewport size before navigating to the page. Page.setViewportSize(width, height) will also reset screen size, use Browser.newContext([options]) with screen and viewport parameters if you need better control of these properties.

Page page = browser.newPage();
page.setViewportSize(640, 480);
page.navigate("https://example.com");

Page.tap(selector[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • options <Page.TapOptions>
    • setForce <boolean> Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.#
    • setModifiers <List<enum KeyboardModifier { ALT, CONTROL, META, SHIFT }>> Modifier keys to press. Ensures that only these modifiers are pressed during the operation, and then restores current modifiers back. If not specified, currently pressed modifiers are used.#
    • setNoWaitAfter <boolean> Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.#
    • setPosition <Position> A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element.#
    • setStrict <boolean> When true, the call requires selector to resolve to a single element. If given selector resolves to more then one element, the call throws an exception. Added in: v1.14#
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#
    • setTrial <boolean> When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it. Added in: v1.11#
  • returns: <void>#

This method taps an element matching selector by performing the following steps:

  1. Find an element matching selector. If there is none, wait until a matching element is attached to the DOM.
  2. Wait for actionability checks on the matched element, unless force option is set. If the element is detached during the checks, the whole action is retried.
  3. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  4. Use Page.touchscreen() to tap the center of the element, or the specified position.
  5. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.

note

Page.tap(selector[, options]) requires that the hasTouch option of the browser context be set to true.

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.tap(selector[, options]).

Page.textContent(selector[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • options <Page.TextContentOptions>
  • returns: <null|String>#

Returns element.textContent.

Page.title()

Added in: v1.8

Returns the page's title. Shortcut for main frame's Frame.title().

Page.type(selector, text[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • text <String> A text to type into a focused element.#
  • options <Page.TypeOptions>
    • setDelay <double> Time to wait between key presses in milliseconds. Defaults to 0.#
    • setNoWaitAfter <boolean> Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.#
    • setStrict <boolean> When true, the call requires selector to resolve to a single element. If given selector resolves to more then one element, the call throws an exception. Added in: v1.14#
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#
  • returns: <void>#

Sends a keydown, keypress/input, and keyup event for each character in the text. page.type can be used to send fine-grained keyboard events. To fill values in form fields, use Page.fill(selector, value[, options]).

To press a special key, like Control or ArrowDown, use Keyboard.press(key[, options]).

// Types instantly
page.type("#mytextarea", "Hello");
// Types slower, like a user
page.type("#mytextarea", "World", new Page.TypeOptions().setDelay(100));

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.type(selector, text[, options]).

Page.uncheck(selector[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to search for an element. If there are multiple elements satisfying the selector, the first will be used. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • options <Page.UncheckOptions>
    • setForce <boolean> Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.#
    • setNoWaitAfter <boolean> Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.#
    • setPosition <Position> A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element. Added in: v1.11#
    • setStrict <boolean> When true, the call requires selector to resolve to a single element. If given selector resolves to more then one element, the call throws an exception. Added in: v1.14#
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#
    • setTrial <boolean> When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it. Added in: v1.11#
  • returns: <void>#

This method unchecks an element matching selector by performing the following steps:

  1. Find an element matching selector. If there is none, wait until a matching element is attached to the DOM.
  2. Ensure that matched element is a checkbox or a radio input. If not, this method throws. If the element is already unchecked, this method returns immediately.
  3. Wait for actionability checks on the matched element, unless force option is set. If the element is detached during the checks, the whole action is retried.
  4. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  5. Use Page.mouse() to click in the center of the element.
  6. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set.
  7. Ensure that the element is now unchecked. If not, this method throws.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.uncheck(selector[, options]).

Page.unroute(url[, handler])

Added in: v1.8

Removes a route created with Page.route(url, handler[, options]). When handler is not specified, removes all routes for the url.

Page.url()

Added in: v1.8

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.url().

Page.video()

Added in: v1.8

Video object associated with this page.

Page.viewportSize()

Added in: v1.8
  • returns: <null|ViewportSize>#
    • width <int> page width in pixels.
    • height <int> page height in pixels.

Page.waitForClose([options], callback)

Added in: v1.11
  • options <Page.WaitForCloseOptions>
  • callback <Runnable> Callback that performs the action triggering the event. Added in: v1.9#
  • returns: <Page>#

Performs action and waits for the Page to close.

Page.waitForConsoleMessage([options], callback)

Added in: v1.9

Performs action and waits for a ConsoleMessage to be logged by in the page. If predicate is provided, it passes ConsoleMessage value into the predicate function and waits for predicate(message) to return a truthy value. Will throw an error if the page is closed before the Page.onConsoleMessage(handler) event is fired.

Page.waitForDownload([options], callback)

Added in: v1.9
  • options <Page.WaitForDownloadOptions>
  • callback <Runnable> Callback that performs the action triggering the event.#
  • returns: <Download>#

Performs action and waits for a new Download. If predicate is provided, it passes Download value into the predicate function and waits for predicate(download) to return a truthy value. Will throw an error if the page is closed before the download event is fired.

Page.waitForFileChooser([options], callback)

Added in: v1.9

Performs action and waits for a new FileChooser to be created. If predicate is provided, it passes FileChooser value into the predicate function and waits for predicate(fileChooser) to return a truthy value. Will throw an error if the page is closed before the file chooser is opened.

Page.waitForFunction(expression[, arg, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • expression <String> JavaScript expression to be evaluated in the browser context. If it looks like a function declaration, it is interpreted as a function. Otherwise, evaluated as an expression.#
  • arg <EvaluationArgument> Optional argument to pass to expression.#
  • options <Page.WaitForFunctionOptions>
    • setPollingInterval <double> If specified, then it is treated as an interval in milliseconds at which the function would be executed. By default if the option is not specified expression is executed in requestAnimationFrame callback.#
    • setTimeout <double> maximum time to wait for in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout).#
  • returns: <JSHandle>#

Returns when the expression returns a truthy value. It resolves to a JSHandle of the truthy value.

The Page.waitForFunction(expression[, arg, options]) can be used to observe viewport size change:

import com.microsoft.playwright.*;

public class Example {
public static void main(String[] args) {
try (Playwright playwright = Playwright.create()) {
BrowserType webkit = playwright.webkit();
Browser browser = webkit.launch();
Page page = browser.newPage();
page.setViewportSize(50, 50);
page.waitForFunction("() => window.innerWidth < 100");
browser.close();
}
}
}

To pass an argument to the predicate of Page.waitForFunction(expression[, arg, options]) function:

String selector = ".foo";
page.waitForFunction("selector => !!document.querySelector(selector)", selector);

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.waitForFunction(expression[, arg, options]).

Page.waitForLoadState([state, options])

Added in: v1.8

Returns when the required load state has been reached.

This resolves when the page reaches a required load state, load by default. The navigation must have been committed when this method is called. If current document has already reached the required state, resolves immediately.

page.click("button"); // Click triggers navigation.
page.waitForLoadState(); // The promise resolves after "load" event.
Page popup = page.waitForPopup(() -> {
page.click("button"); // Click triggers a popup.
});
popup.waitForLoadState(LoadState.DOMCONTENTLOADED);
System.out.println(popup.title()); // Popup is ready to use.

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.waitForLoadState([state, options]).

Page.waitForNavigation([options], callback)

Added in: v1.8
  • options <Page.WaitForNavigationOptions>
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum operation time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultNavigationTimeout(timeout), BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout), Page.setDefaultNavigationTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#
    • setUrl <String|Pattern|Predicate<String>> A glob pattern, regex pattern or predicate receiving [URL] to match while waiting for the navigation. Note that if the parameter is a string without wildcard characters, the method will wait for navigation to URL that is exactly equal to the string.#
    • setWaitUntil <enum WaitUntilState { LOAD, DOMCONTENTLOADED, NETWORKIDLE, COMMIT }> When to consider operation succeeded, defaults to load. Events can be either:#
      • 'domcontentloaded' - consider operation to be finished when the DOMContentLoaded event is fired.
      • 'load' - consider operation to be finished when the load event is fired.
      • 'networkidle' - consider operation to be finished when there are no network connections for at least 500 ms.
      • 'commit' - consider operation to be finished when network response is received and the document started loading.
  • callback <Runnable> Callback that performs the action triggering the event. Added in: v1.9#
  • returns: <null|Response>#

Waits for the main frame navigation and returns the main resource response. In case of multiple redirects, the navigation will resolve with the response of the last redirect. In case of navigation to a different anchor or navigation due to History API usage, the navigation will resolve with null.

This resolves when the page navigates to a new URL or reloads. It is useful for when you run code which will indirectly cause the page to navigate. e.g. The click target has an onclick handler that triggers navigation from a setTimeout. Consider this example:

// The method returns after navigation has finished
Response response = page.waitForNavigation(() -> {
page.click("a.delayed-navigation"); // Clicking the link will indirectly cause a navigation
});
note

Usage of the History API to change the URL is considered a navigation.

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.waitForNavigation([options], callback).

Page.waitForPopup([options], callback)

Added in: v1.9
  • options <Page.WaitForPopupOptions>
  • callback <Runnable> Callback that performs the action triggering the event.#
  • returns: <Page>#

Performs action and waits for a popup Page. If predicate is provided, it passes [Popup] value into the predicate function and waits for predicate(page) to return a truthy value. Will throw an error if the page is closed before the popup event is fired.

Page.waitForRequest(urlOrPredicate[, options], callback)

Added in: v1.8
  • urlOrPredicate <String|Pattern|Predicate<Request>> Request URL string, regex or predicate receiving Request object. When a baseURL via the context options was provided and the passed URL is a path, it gets merged via the new URL() constructor.#
  • options <Page.WaitForRequestOptions>
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum wait time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable the timeout. The default value can be changed by using the Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) method.#
  • callback <Runnable> Callback that performs the action triggering the event. Added in: v1.9#
  • returns: <Request>#

Waits for the matching request and returns it. See waiting for event for more details about events.

// Waits for the next request with the specified url
Request request = page.waitForRequest("https://example.com/resource", () -> {
// Triggers the request
page.click("button.triggers-request");
});

// Waits for the next request matching some conditions
Request request = page.waitForRequest(request -> "https://example.com".equals(request.url()) && "GET".equals(request.method()), () -> {
// Triggers the request
page.click("button.triggers-request");
});

Page.waitForRequestFinished([options], callback)

Added in: v1.12
  • options <Page.WaitForRequestFinishedOptions>
  • callback <Runnable> Callback that performs the action triggering the event.#
  • returns: <Request>#

Performs action and waits for a Request to finish loading. If predicate is provided, it passes Request value into the predicate function and waits for predicate(request) to return a truthy value. Will throw an error if the page is closed before the Page.onRequestFinished(handler) event is fired.

Page.waitForResponse(urlOrPredicate[, options], callback)

Added in: v1.8

Returns the matched response. See waiting for event for more details about events.

// Waits for the next response with the specified url
Response response = page.waitForResponse("https://example.com/resource", () -> {
// Triggers the response
page.click("button.triggers-response");
});

// Waits for the next response matching some conditions
Response response = page.waitForResponse(response -> "https://example.com".equals(response.url()) && response.status() == 200, () -> {
// Triggers the response
page.click("button.triggers-response");
});

Page.waitForSelector(selector[, options])

Added in: v1.8
  • selector <String> A selector to query for. See working with selectors for more details.#
  • options <Page.WaitForSelectorOptions>
    • setState <enum WaitForSelectorState { ATTACHED, DETACHED, VISIBLE, HIDDEN }> Defaults to 'visible'. Can be either:#
      • 'attached' - wait for element to be present in DOM.
      • 'detached' - wait for element to not be present in DOM.
      • 'visible' - wait for element to have non-empty bounding box and no visibility:hidden. Note that element without any content or with display:none has an empty bounding box and is not considered visible.
      • 'hidden' - wait for element to be either detached from DOM, or have an empty bounding box or visibility:hidden. This is opposite to the 'visible' option.
    • setStrict <boolean> When true, the call requires selector to resolve to a single element. If given selector resolves to more then one element, the call throws an exception. Added in: v1.14#
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#
  • returns: <null|ElementHandle>#

Returns when element specified by selector satisfies state option. Returns null if waiting for hidden or detached.

note

Playwright automatically waits for element to be ready before performing an action. Using Locator objects and web-first assertions make the code wait-for-selector-free.

Wait for the selector to satisfy state option (either appear/disappear from dom, or become visible/hidden). If at the moment of calling the method selector already satisfies the condition, the method will return immediately. If the selector doesn't satisfy the condition for the timeout milliseconds, the function will throw.

This method works across navigations:

import com.microsoft.playwright.*;

public class Example {
public static void main(String[] args) {
try (Playwright playwright = Playwright.create()) {
BrowserType chromium = playwright.chromium();
Browser browser = chromium.launch();
Page page = browser.newPage();
for (String currentURL : Arrays.asList("https://google.com", "https://bbc.com")) {
page.navigate(currentURL);
ElementHandle element = page.waitForSelector("img");
System.out.println("Loaded image: " + element.getAttribute("src"));
}
browser.close();
}
}
}

Page.waitForTimeout(timeout)

Added in: v1.8

Waits for the given timeout in milliseconds.

Note that page.waitForTimeout() should only be used for debugging. Tests using the timer in production are going to be flaky. Use signals such as network events, selectors becoming visible and others instead.

// wait for 1 second
page.waitForTimeout(1000);

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.waitForTimeout(timeout).

Page.waitForURL(url[, options])

Added in: v1.11
  • url <String|Pattern|Predicate<String>> A glob pattern, regex pattern or predicate receiving [URL] to match while waiting for the navigation. Note that if the parameter is a string without wildcard characters, the method will wait for navigation to URL that is exactly equal to the string.#
  • options <Page.WaitForURLOptions>
    • setTimeout <double> Maximum operation time in milliseconds, defaults to 30 seconds, pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultNavigationTimeout(timeout), BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout(timeout), Page.setDefaultNavigationTimeout(timeout) or Page.setDefaultTimeout(timeout) methods.#
    • setWaitUntil <enum WaitUntilState { LOAD, DOMCONTENTLOADED, NETWORKIDLE, COMMIT }> When to consider operation succeeded, defaults to load. Events can be either:#
      • 'domcontentloaded' - consider operation to be finished when the DOMContentLoaded event is fired.
      • 'load' - consider operation to be finished when the load event is fired.
      • 'networkidle' - consider operation to be finished when there are no network connections for at least 500 ms.
      • 'commit' - consider operation to be finished when network response is received and the document started loading.
  • returns: <void>#

Waits for the main frame to navigate to the given URL.

page.click("a.delayed-navigation"); // Clicking the link will indirectly cause a navigation
page.waitForURL("**/target.html");

Shortcut for main frame's Frame.waitForURL(url[, options]).

Page.waitForWebSocket([options], callback)

Added in: v1.9

Performs action and waits for a new WebSocket. If predicate is provided, it passes WebSocket value into the predicate function and waits for predicate(webSocket) to return a truthy value. Will throw an error if the page is closed before the WebSocket event is fired.

Page.waitForWorker([options], callback)

Added in: v1.9
  • options <Page.WaitForWorkerOptions>
  • callback <Runnable> Callback that performs the action triggering the event.#
  • returns: <Worker>#

Performs action and waits for a new Worker. If predicate is provided, it passes Worker value into the predicate function and waits for predicate(worker) to return a truthy value. Will throw an error if the page is closed before the worker event is fired.

Page.workers()

Added in: v1.8

This method returns all of the dedicated WebWorkers associated with the page.

note

This does not contain ServiceWorkers

Page.keyboard()

Added in: v1.8

Page.mouse()

Added in: v1.8

Page.request()

Added in: v1.16

API testing helper associated with this page. This method returns the same instance as BrowserContext.request() on the page's context. See BrowserContext.request() for more details.

Page.touchscreen()

Added in: v1.8