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Locator

Locators are the central piece of Playwright's auto-waiting and retry-ability. In a nutshell, locators represent a way to find element(s) on the page at any moment. A locator can be created with the Page.locator() method.

Learn more about locators.


Methods

all

Added in: v1.29 locator.all

When the locator points to a list of elements, this returns an array of locators, pointing to their respective elements.

note

Locator.all() does not wait for elements to match the locator, and instead immediately returns whatever is present in the page. When the list of elements changes dynamically, Locator.all() will produce unpredictable and flaky results. When the list of elements is stable, but loaded dynamically, wait for the full list to finish loading before calling Locator.all().

Usage

for (Locator li : page.getByRole('listitem').all())
li.click();

Returns


allInnerTexts

Added in: v1.14 locator.allInnerTexts

Returns an array of node.innerText values for all matching nodes.

Asserting text

If you need to assert text on the page, prefer assertThat(locator).hasText() with useInnerText option to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

String[] texts = page.getByRole(AriaRole.LINK).allInnerTexts();

Returns


allTextContents

Added in: v1.14 locator.allTextContents

Returns an array of node.textContent values for all matching nodes.

Asserting text

If you need to assert text on the page, prefer assertThat(locator).hasText() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

String[] texts = page.getByRole(AriaRole.LINK).allTextContents();

Returns


and

Added in: v1.34 locator.and

Creates a locator that matches both this locator and the argument locator.

Usage

The following example finds a button with a specific title.

Locator button = page.getByRole(AriaRole.BUTTON).and(page.getByTitle("Subscribe"));

Arguments

  • locator Locator#

    Additional locator to match.

Returns


blur

Added in: v1.28 locator.blur

Calls blur on the element.

Usage

Locator.blur();
Locator.blur(options);

Arguments

Returns


boundingBox

Added in: v1.14 locator.boundingBox

This method returns the bounding box of the element matching the locator, or null if the element is not visible. The bounding box is calculated relative to the main frame viewport - which is usually the same as the browser window.

Usage

BoundingBox box = page.getByRole(AriaRole.BUTTON).boundingBox();
page.mouse().click(box.x + box.width / 2, box.y + box.height / 2);

Arguments

Returns

  • null | BoundingBox#
    • x double

      the x coordinate of the element in pixels.

    • y double

      the y coordinate of the element in pixels.

    • width double

      the width of the element in pixels.

    • height double

      the height of the element in pixels.

Details

Scrolling affects the returned bounding box, similarly to Element.getBoundingClientRect. That means x and/or y may be negative.

Elements from child frames return the bounding box relative to the main frame, unlike the Element.getBoundingClientRect.

Assuming the page is static, it is safe to use bounding box coordinates to perform input. For example, the following snippet should click the center of the element.


check

Added in: v1.14 locator.check

Ensure that checkbox or radio element is checked.

Usage

page.getByRole(AriaRole.CHECKBOX).check();

Arguments

  • options Locator.CheckOptions (optional)
    • setForce boolean (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • setNoWaitAfter boolean (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • setPosition Position (optional)#

      A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element.

    • setTimeout double (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout() or Page.setDefaultTimeout() methods.

    • setTrial boolean (optional)#

      When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it.

Returns

Details

Performs the following steps:

  1. Ensure that element is a checkbox or a radio input. If not, this method throws. If the element is already checked, this method returns immediately.
  2. Wait for actionability checks on the element, unless force option is set.
  3. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  4. Use Page.mouse() to click in the center of the element.
  5. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set.
  6. Ensure that the element is now checked. If not, this method throws.

If the element is detached from the DOM at any moment during the action, this method throws.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.


clear

Added in: v1.28 locator.clear

Clear the input field.

Usage

page.getByRole(AriaRole.TEXTBOX).clear();

Arguments

  • options Locator.ClearOptions (optional)
    • setForce boolean (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • setNoWaitAfter boolean (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • setTimeout double (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout() or Page.setDefaultTimeout() methods.

Returns

Details

This method waits for actionability checks, focuses the element, clears it and triggers an input event after clearing.

If the target element is not an <input>, <textarea> or [contenteditable] element, this method throws an error. However, if the element is inside the <label> element that has an associated control, the control will be cleared instead.


click

Added in: v1.14 locator.click

Click an element.

Usage

Click a button:

page.getByRole(AriaRole.BUTTON).click();

Shift-right-click at a specific position on a canvas:

page.locator("canvas").click(new Locator.ClickOptions()
.setButton(MouseButton.RIGHT)
.setModifiers(Arrays.asList(KeyboardModifier.SHIFT))
.setPosition(23, 32));

Arguments

  • options Locator.ClickOptions (optional)
    • setButton enum MouseButton { LEFT, RIGHT, MIDDLE } (optional)#

      Defaults to left.

    • setClickCount int (optional)#

      defaults to 1. See UIEvent.detail.

    • setDelay double (optional)#

      Time to wait between mousedown and mouseup in milliseconds. Defaults to 0.

    • setForce boolean (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • setModifiers List<enum KeyboardModifier { ALT, CONTROL, CONTROLORMETA, META, SHIFT }> (optional)#

      Modifier keys to press. Ensures that only these modifiers are pressed during the operation, and then restores current modifiers back. If not specified, currently pressed modifiers are used. "ControlOrMeta" resolves to "Control" on Windows and Linux and to "Meta" on macOS.

    • setNoWaitAfter boolean (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • setPosition Position (optional)#

      A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element.

    • setTimeout double (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout() or Page.setDefaultTimeout() methods.

    • setTrial boolean (optional)#

      When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it.

Returns

Details

This method clicks the element by performing the following steps:

  1. Wait for actionability checks on the element, unless force option is set.
  2. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  3. Use Page.mouse() to click in the center of the element, or the specified position.
  4. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set.

If the element is detached from the DOM at any moment during the action, this method throws.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.


contentFrame

Added in: v1.43 locator.contentFrame

Returns a FrameLocator object pointing to the same iframe as this locator.

Useful when you have a Locator object obtained somewhere, and later on would like to interact with the content inside the frame.

For a reverse operation, use FrameLocator.owner().

Usage

Locator locator = page.locator("iframe[name=\"embedded\"]");
// ...
FrameLocator frameLocator = locator.contentFrame();
frameLocator.getByRole(AriaRole.BUTTON).click();

Returns


count

Added in: v1.14 locator.count

Returns the number of elements matching the locator.

Asserting count

If you need to assert the number of elements on the page, prefer assertThat(locator).hasCount() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

int count = page.getByRole(AriaRole.LISTITEM).count();

Returns


dblclick

Added in: v1.14 locator.dblclick

Double-click an element.

Usage

Locator.dblclick();
Locator.dblclick(options);

Arguments

  • options Locator.DblclickOptions (optional)
    • setButton enum MouseButton { LEFT, RIGHT, MIDDLE } (optional)#

      Defaults to left.

    • setDelay double (optional)#

      Time to wait between mousedown and mouseup in milliseconds. Defaults to 0.

    • setForce boolean (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • setModifiers List<enum KeyboardModifier { ALT, CONTROL, CONTROLORMETA, META, SHIFT }> (optional)#

      Modifier keys to press. Ensures that only these modifiers are pressed during the operation, and then restores current modifiers back. If not specified, currently pressed modifiers are used. "ControlOrMeta" resolves to "Control" on Windows and Linux and to "Meta" on macOS.

    • setNoWaitAfter boolean (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • setPosition Position (optional)#

      A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element.

    • setTimeout double (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout() or Page.setDefaultTimeout() methods.

    • setTrial boolean (optional)#

      When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it.

Returns

Details

This method double clicks the element by performing the following steps:

  1. Wait for actionability checks on the element, unless force option is set.
  2. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  3. Use Page.mouse() to double click in the center of the element, or the specified position.
  4. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set. Note that if the first click of the dblclick() triggers a navigation event, this method will throw.

If the element is detached from the DOM at any moment during the action, this method throws.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.

note

element.dblclick() dispatches two click events and a single dblclick event.


dispatchEvent

Added in: v1.14 locator.dispatchEvent

Programmatically dispatch an event on the matching element.

Usage

locator.dispatchEvent("click");

Arguments

Returns

Details

The snippet above dispatches the click event on the element. Regardless of the visibility state of the element, click is dispatched. This is equivalent to calling element.click().

Under the hood, it creates an instance of an event based on the given type, initializes it with eventInit properties and dispatches it on the element. Events are composed, cancelable and bubble by default.

Since eventInit is event-specific, please refer to the events documentation for the lists of initial properties:

You can also specify JSHandle as the property value if you want live objects to be passed into the event:

// Note you can only create DataTransfer in Chromium and Firefox
JSHandle dataTransfer = page.evaluateHandle("() => new DataTransfer()");
Map<String, Object> arg = new HashMap<>();
arg.put("dataTransfer", dataTransfer);
locator.dispatchEvent("dragstart", arg);

dragTo

Added in: v1.18 locator.dragTo

Drag the source element towards the target element and drop it.

Usage

Locator source = page.locator("#source");
Locator target = page.locator("#target");

source.dragTo(target);
// or specify exact positions relative to the top-left corners of the elements:
source.dragTo(target, new Locator.DragToOptions()
.setSourcePosition(34, 7).setTargetPosition(10, 20));

Arguments

  • target Locator#

    Locator of the element to drag to.

  • options Locator.DragToOptions (optional)

    • setForce boolean (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • setNoWaitAfter boolean (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • setSourcePosition SourcePosition (optional)#

      Clicks on the source element at this point relative to the top-left corner of the element's padding box. If not specified, some visible point of the element is used.

    • setTargetPosition TargetPosition (optional)#

      Drops on the target element at this point relative to the top-left corner of the element's padding box. If not specified, some visible point of the element is used.

    • setTimeout double (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout() or Page.setDefaultTimeout() methods.

    • setTrial boolean (optional)#

      When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it.

Returns

Details

This method drags the locator to another target locator or target position. It will first move to the source element, perform a mousedown, then move to the target element or position and perform a mouseup.


evaluate

Added in: v1.14 locator.evaluate

Execute JavaScript code in the page, taking the matching element as an argument.

Usage

Locator tweets = page.locator(".tweet .retweets");
assertEquals("10 retweets", tweets.evaluate("node => node.innerText"));

Arguments

  • expression String#

    JavaScript expression to be evaluated in the browser context. If the expression evaluates to a function, the function is automatically invoked.

  • arg EvaluationArgument (optional)#

    Optional argument to pass to expression.

  • options Locator.EvaluateOptions (optional)

Returns

Details

Returns the return value of expression, called with the matching element as a first argument, and arg as a second argument.

If expression returns a Promise, this method will wait for the promise to resolve and return its value.

If expression throws or rejects, this method throws.


evaluateAll

Added in: v1.14 locator.evaluateAll

Execute JavaScript code in the page, taking all matching elements as an argument.

Usage

Locator locator = page.locator("div");
boolean moreThanTen = (boolean) locator.evaluateAll("(divs, min) => divs.length > min", 10);

Arguments

  • expression String#

    JavaScript expression to be evaluated in the browser context. If the expression evaluates to a function, the function is automatically invoked.

  • arg EvaluationArgument (optional)#

    Optional argument to pass to expression.

Returns

Details

Returns the return value of expression, called with an array of all matching elements as a first argument, and arg as a second argument.

If expression returns a Promise, this method will wait for the promise to resolve and return its value.

If expression throws or rejects, this method throws.


evaluateHandle

Added in: v1.14 locator.evaluateHandle

Execute JavaScript code in the page, taking the matching element as an argument, and return a JSHandle with the result.

Usage

Locator.evaluateHandle(expression);
Locator.evaluateHandle(expression, arg, options);

Arguments

  • expression String#

    JavaScript expression to be evaluated in the browser context. If the expression evaluates to a function, the function is automatically invoked.

  • arg EvaluationArgument (optional)#

    Optional argument to pass to expression.

  • options Locator.EvaluateHandleOptions (optional)

Returns

Details

Returns the return value of expression as aJSHandle, called with the matching element as a first argument, and arg as a second argument.

The only difference between Locator.evaluate() and Locator.evaluateHandle() is that Locator.evaluateHandle() returns JSHandle.

If expression returns a Promise, this method will wait for the promise to resolve and return its value.

If expression throws or rejects, this method throws.

See Page.evaluateHandle() for more details.


fill

Added in: v1.14 locator.fill

Set a value to the input field.

Usage

page.getByRole(AriaRole.TEXTBOX).fill("example value");

Arguments

  • value String#

    Value to set for the <input>, <textarea> or [contenteditable] element.

  • options Locator.FillOptions (optional)

    • setForce boolean (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • setNoWaitAfter boolean (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • setTimeout double (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout() or Page.setDefaultTimeout() methods.

Returns

Details

This method waits for actionability checks, focuses the element, fills it and triggers an input event after filling. Note that you can pass an empty string to clear the input field.

If the target element is not an <input>, <textarea> or [contenteditable] element, this method throws an error. However, if the element is inside the <label> element that has an associated control, the control will be filled instead.

To send fine-grained keyboard events, use Locator.pressSequentially().


filter

Added in: v1.22 locator.filter

This method narrows existing locator according to the options, for example filters by text. It can be chained to filter multiple times.

Usage

Locator rowLocator = page.locator("tr");
// ...
rowLocator
.filter(new Locator.FilterOptions().setHasText("text in column 1"))
.filter(new Locator.FilterOptions().setHas(
page.getByRole(AriaRole.BUTTON, new Page.GetByRoleOptions().setName("column 2 button"))
))
.screenshot();

Arguments

  • options Locator.FilterOptions (optional)
    • setHas Locator (optional)#

      Narrows down the results of the method to those which contain elements matching this relative locator. For example, article that has text=Playwright matches <article><div>Playwright</div></article>.

      Inner locator must be relative to the outer locator and is queried starting with the outer locator match, not the document root. For example, you can find content that has div in <article><content><div>Playwright</div></content></article>. However, looking for content that has article div will fail, because the inner locator must be relative and should not use any elements outside the content.

      Note that outer and inner locators must belong to the same frame. Inner locator must not contain FrameLocators.

    • setHasNot Locator (optional) Added in: v1.33#

      Matches elements that do not contain an element that matches an inner locator. Inner locator is queried against the outer one. For example, article that does not have div matches <article><span>Playwright</span></article>.

      Note that outer and inner locators must belong to the same frame. Inner locator must not contain FrameLocators.

    • setHasNotText String | Pattern (optional) Added in: v1.33#

      Matches elements that do not contain specified text somewhere inside, possibly in a child or a descendant element. When passed a string, matching is case-insensitive and searches for a substring.

    • setHasText String | Pattern (optional)#

      Matches elements containing specified text somewhere inside, possibly in a child or a descendant element. When passed a string, matching is case-insensitive and searches for a substring. For example, "Playwright" matches <article><div>Playwright</div></article>.

Returns


first

Added in: v1.14 locator.first

Returns locator to the first matching element.

Usage

Locator.first();

Returns


focus

Added in: v1.14 locator.focus

Calls focus on the matching element.

Usage

Locator.focus();
Locator.focus(options);

Arguments

Returns


frameLocator

Added in: v1.17 locator.frameLocator

When working with iframes, you can create a frame locator that will enter the iframe and allow locating elements in that iframe:

Usage

Locator locator = page.frameLocator("iframe").getByText("Submit");
locator.click();

Arguments

  • selector String#

    A selector to use when resolving DOM element.

Returns


getAttribute

Added in: v1.14 locator.getAttribute

Returns the matching element's attribute value.

Asserting attributes

If you need to assert an element's attribute, prefer assertThat(locator).hasAttribute() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

Locator.getAttribute(name);
Locator.getAttribute(name, options);

Arguments

Returns


getByAltText

Added in: v1.27 locator.getByAltText

Allows locating elements by their alt text.

Usage

For example, this method will find the image by alt text "Playwright logo":

<img alt='Playwright logo'>
page.getByAltText("Playwright logo").click();

Arguments

  • text String | Pattern#

    Text to locate the element for.

  • options Locator.GetByAltTextOptions (optional)

    • setExact boolean (optional)#

      Whether to find an exact match: case-sensitive and whole-string. Default to false. Ignored when locating by a regular expression. Note that exact match still trims whitespace.

Returns


getByLabel

Added in: v1.27 locator.getByLabel

Allows locating input elements by the text of the associated <label> or aria-labelledby element, or by the aria-label attribute.

Usage

For example, this method will find inputs by label "Username" and "Password" in the following DOM:

<input aria-label="Username">
<label for="password-input">Password:</label>
<input id="password-input">
page.getByLabel("Username").fill("john");
page.getByLabel("Password").fill("secret");

Arguments

  • text String | Pattern#

    Text to locate the element for.

  • options Locator.GetByLabelOptions (optional)

    • setExact boolean (optional)#

      Whether to find an exact match: case-sensitive and whole-string. Default to false. Ignored when locating by a regular expression. Note that exact match still trims whitespace.

Returns


getByPlaceholder

Added in: v1.27 locator.getByPlaceholder

Allows locating input elements by the placeholder text.

Usage

For example, consider the following DOM structure.

<input type="email" placeholder="name@example.com" />

You can fill the input after locating it by the placeholder text:

page.getByPlaceholder("name@example.com").fill("playwright@microsoft.com");

Arguments

  • text String | Pattern#

    Text to locate the element for.

  • options Locator.GetByPlaceholderOptions (optional)

    • setExact boolean (optional)#

      Whether to find an exact match: case-sensitive and whole-string. Default to false. Ignored when locating by a regular expression. Note that exact match still trims whitespace.

Returns


getByRole

Added in: v1.27 locator.getByRole

Allows locating elements by their ARIA role, ARIA attributes and accessible name.

Usage

Consider the following DOM structure.

<h3>Sign up</h3>
<label>
<input type="checkbox" /> Subscribe
</label>
<br/>
<button>Submit</button>

You can locate each element by it's implicit role:

assertThat(page
.getByRole(AriaRole.HEADING,
new Page.GetByRoleOptions().setName("Sign up")))
.isVisible();

page.getByRole(AriaRole.CHECKBOX,
new Page.GetByRoleOptions().setName("Subscribe"))
.check();

page.getByRole(AriaRole.BUTTON,
new Page.GetByRoleOptions().setName(
Pattern.compile("submit", Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE)))
.click();

Arguments

  • role enum AriaRole { ALERT, ALERTDIALOG, APPLICATION, ARTICLE, BANNER, BLOCKQUOTE, BUTTON, CAPTION, CELL, CHECKBOX, CODE, COLUMNHEADER, COMBOBOX, COMPLEMENTARY, CONTENTINFO, DEFINITION, DELETION, DIALOG, DIRECTORY, DOCUMENT, EMPHASIS, FEED, FIGURE, FORM, GENERIC, GRID, GRIDCELL, GROUP, HEADING, IMG, INSERTION, LINK, LIST, LISTBOX, LISTITEM, LOG, MAIN, MARQUEE, MATH, METER, MENU, MENUBAR, MENUITEM, MENUITEMCHECKBOX, MENUITEMRADIO, NAVIGATION, NONE, NOTE, OPTION, PARAGRAPH, PRESENTATION, PROGRESSBAR, RADIO, RADIOGROUP, REGION, ROW, ROWGROUP, ROWHEADER, SCROLLBAR, SEARCH, SEARCHBOX, SEPARATOR, SLIDER, SPINBUTTON, STATUS, STRONG, SUBSCRIPT, SUPERSCRIPT, SWITCH, TAB, TABLE, TABLIST, TABPANEL, TERM, TEXTBOX, TIME, TIMER, TOOLBAR, TOOLTIP, TREE, TREEGRID, TREEITEM }#

    Required aria role.

  • options Locator.GetByRoleOptions (optional)

    • setChecked boolean (optional)#

      An attribute that is usually set by aria-checked or native <input type=checkbox> controls.

      Learn more about aria-checked.

    • setDisabled boolean (optional)#

      An attribute that is usually set by aria-disabled or disabled.

      note

      Unlike most other attributes, disabled is inherited through the DOM hierarchy. Learn more about aria-disabled.

    • setExact boolean (optional) Added in: v1.28#

      Whether name is matched exactly: case-sensitive and whole-string. Defaults to false. Ignored when name is a regular expression. Note that exact match still trims whitespace.

    • setExpanded boolean (optional)#

      An attribute that is usually set by aria-expanded.

      Learn more about aria-expanded.

    • setIncludeHidden boolean (optional)#

      Option that controls whether hidden elements are matched. By default, only non-hidden elements, as defined by ARIA, are matched by role selector.

      Learn more about aria-hidden.

    • setLevel int (optional)#

      A number attribute that is usually present for roles heading, listitem, row, treeitem, with default values for <h1>-<h6> elements.

      Learn more about aria-level.

    • setName String | Pattern (optional)#

      Option to match the accessible name. By default, matching is case-insensitive and searches for a substring, use exact to control this behavior.

      Learn more about accessible name.

    • setPressed boolean (optional)#

      An attribute that is usually set by aria-pressed.

      Learn more about aria-pressed.

    • setSelected boolean (optional)#

      An attribute that is usually set by aria-selected.

      Learn more about aria-selected.

Returns

Details

Role selector does not replace accessibility audits and conformance tests, but rather gives early feedback about the ARIA guidelines.

Many html elements have an implicitly defined role that is recognized by the role selector. You can find all the supported roles here. ARIA guidelines do not recommend duplicating implicit roles and attributes by setting role and/or aria-* attributes to default values.


getByTestId

Added in: v1.27 locator.getByTestId

Locate element by the test id.

Usage

Consider the following DOM structure.

<button data-testid="directions">Itinéraire</button>

You can locate the element by it's test id:

page.getByTestId("directions").click();

Arguments

Returns

Details

By default, the data-testid attribute is used as a test id. Use Selectors.setTestIdAttribute() to configure a different test id attribute if necessary.


getByText

Added in: v1.27 locator.getByText

Allows locating elements that contain given text.

See also Locator.filter() that allows to match by another criteria, like an accessible role, and then filter by the text content.

Usage

Consider the following DOM structure:

<div>Hello <span>world</span></div>
<div>Hello</div>

You can locate by text substring, exact string, or a regular expression:

// Matches <span>
page.getByText("world")

// Matches first <div>
page.getByText("Hello world")

// Matches second <div>
page.getByText("Hello", new Page.GetByTextOptions().setExact(true))

// Matches both <div>s
page.getByText(Pattern.compile("Hello"))

// Matches second <div>
page.getByText(Pattern.compile("^hello$", Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE))

Arguments

  • text String | Pattern#

    Text to locate the element for.

  • options Locator.GetByTextOptions (optional)

    • setExact boolean (optional)#

      Whether to find an exact match: case-sensitive and whole-string. Default to false. Ignored when locating by a regular expression. Note that exact match still trims whitespace.

Returns

Details

Matching by text always normalizes whitespace, even with exact match. For example, it turns multiple spaces into one, turns line breaks into spaces and ignores leading and trailing whitespace.

Input elements of the type button and submit are matched by their value instead of the text content. For example, locating by text "Log in" matches <input type=button value="Log in">.


getByTitle

Added in: v1.27 locator.getByTitle

Allows locating elements by their title attribute.

Usage

Consider the following DOM structure.

<span title='Issues count'>25 issues</span>

You can check the issues count after locating it by the title text:

assertThat(page.getByTitle("Issues count")).hasText("25 issues");

Arguments

  • text String | Pattern#

    Text to locate the element for.

  • options Locator.GetByTitleOptions (optional)

    • setExact boolean (optional)#

      Whether to find an exact match: case-sensitive and whole-string. Default to false. Ignored when locating by a regular expression. Note that exact match still trims whitespace.

Returns


highlight

Added in: v1.20 locator.highlight

Highlight the corresponding element(s) on the screen. Useful for debugging, don't commit the code that uses Locator.highlight().

Usage

Locator.highlight();

Returns


hover

Added in: v1.14 locator.hover

Hover over the matching element.

Usage

page.getByRole(AriaRole.LINK).hover();

Arguments

  • options Locator.HoverOptions (optional)
    • setForce boolean (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • setModifiers List<enum KeyboardModifier { ALT, CONTROL, CONTROLORMETA, META, SHIFT }> (optional)#

      Modifier keys to press. Ensures that only these modifiers are pressed during the operation, and then restores current modifiers back. If not specified, currently pressed modifiers are used. "ControlOrMeta" resolves to "Control" on Windows and Linux and to "Meta" on macOS.

    • setNoWaitAfter boolean (optional) Added in: v1.28#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • setPosition Position (optional)#

      A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element.

    • setTimeout double (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout() or Page.setDefaultTimeout() methods.

    • setTrial boolean (optional)#

      When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it.

Returns

Details

This method hovers over the element by performing the following steps:

  1. Wait for actionability checks on the element, unless force option is set.
  2. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  3. Use Page.mouse() to hover over the center of the element, or the specified position.
  4. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set.

If the element is detached from the DOM at any moment during the action, this method throws.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.


innerHTML

Added in: v1.14 locator.innerHTML

Returns the element.innerHTML.

Usage

Locator.innerHTML();
Locator.innerHTML(options);

Arguments

Returns


innerText

Added in: v1.14 locator.innerText

Returns the element.innerText.

Asserting text

If you need to assert text on the page, prefer assertThat(locator).hasText() with useInnerText option to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

Locator.innerText();
Locator.innerText(options);

Arguments

Returns


inputValue

Added in: v1.14 locator.inputValue

Returns the value for the matching <input> or <textarea> or <select> element.

Asserting value

If you need to assert input value, prefer assertThat(locator).hasValue() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

String value = page.getByRole(AriaRole.TEXTBOX).inputValue();

Arguments

Returns

Details

Throws elements that are not an input, textarea or a select. However, if the element is inside the <label> element that has an associated control, returns the value of the control.


isChecked

Added in: v1.14 locator.isChecked

Returns whether the element is checked. Throws if the element is not a checkbox or radio input.

Asserting checked state

If you need to assert that checkbox is checked, prefer assertThat(locator).isChecked() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

boolean checked = page.getByRole(AriaRole.CHECKBOX).isChecked();

Arguments

Returns


isDisabled

Added in: v1.14 locator.isDisabled

Returns whether the element is disabled, the opposite of enabled.

Asserting disabled state

If you need to assert that an element is disabled, prefer assertThat(locator).isDisabled() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

boolean disabled = page.getByRole(AriaRole.BUTTON).isDisabled();

Arguments

Returns


isEditable

Added in: v1.14 locator.isEditable

Returns whether the element is editable.

Asserting editable state

If you need to assert that an element is editable, prefer assertThat(locator).isEditable() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

boolean editable = page.getByRole(AriaRole.TEXTBOX).isEditable();

Arguments

Returns


isEnabled

Added in: v1.14 locator.isEnabled

Returns whether the element is enabled.

Asserting enabled state

If you need to assert that an element is enabled, prefer assertThat(locator).isEnabled() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

boolean enabled = page.getByRole(AriaRole.BUTTON).isEnabled();

Arguments

Returns


isHidden

Added in: v1.14 locator.isHidden

Returns whether the element is hidden, the opposite of visible.

Asserting visibility

If you need to assert that element is hidden, prefer assertThat(locator).isHidden() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

boolean hidden = page.getByRole(AriaRole.BUTTON).isHidden();

Arguments

  • options Locator.IsHiddenOptions (optional)
    • setTimeout double (optional)#

      Deprecated

      This option is ignored. Locator.isHidden() does not wait for the element to become hidden and returns immediately.

Returns


isVisible

Added in: v1.14 locator.isVisible

Returns whether the element is visible.

Asserting visibility

If you need to assert that element is visible, prefer assertThat(locator).isVisible() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

boolean visible = page.getByRole(AriaRole.BUTTON).isVisible();

Arguments

  • options Locator.IsVisibleOptions (optional)
    • setTimeout double (optional)#

      Deprecated

      This option is ignored. Locator.isVisible() does not wait for the element to become visible and returns immediately.

Returns


last

Added in: v1.14 locator.last

Returns locator to the last matching element.

Usage

Locator banana = page.getByRole(AriaRole.LISTITEM).last();

Returns


locator

Added in: v1.14 locator.locator

The method finds an element matching the specified selector in the locator's subtree. It also accepts filter options, similar to Locator.filter() method.

Learn more about locators.

Usage

Locator.locator(selectorOrLocator);
Locator.locator(selectorOrLocator, options);

Arguments

  • selectorOrLocator String | Locator#

    A selector or locator to use when resolving DOM element.

  • options Locator.LocatorOptions (optional)

    • setHas Locator (optional)#

      Narrows down the results of the method to those which contain elements matching this relative locator. For example, article that has text=Playwright matches <article><div>Playwright</div></article>.

      Inner locator must be relative to the outer locator and is queried starting with the outer locator match, not the document root. For example, you can find content that has div in <article><content><div>Playwright</div></content></article>. However, looking for content that has article div will fail, because the inner locator must be relative and should not use any elements outside the content.

      Note that outer and inner locators must belong to the same frame. Inner locator must not contain FrameLocators.

    • setHasNot Locator (optional) Added in: v1.33#

      Matches elements that do not contain an element that matches an inner locator. Inner locator is queried against the outer one. For example, article that does not have div matches <article><span>Playwright</span></article>.

      Note that outer and inner locators must belong to the same frame. Inner locator must not contain FrameLocators.

    • setHasNotText String | Pattern (optional) Added in: v1.33#

      Matches elements that do not contain specified text somewhere inside, possibly in a child or a descendant element. When passed a string, matching is case-insensitive and searches for a substring.

    • setHasText String | Pattern (optional)#

      Matches elements containing specified text somewhere inside, possibly in a child or a descendant element. When passed a string, matching is case-insensitive and searches for a substring. For example, "Playwright" matches <article><div>Playwright</div></article>.

Returns


nth

Added in: v1.14 locator.nth

Returns locator to the n-th matching element. It's zero based, nth(0) selects the first element.

Usage

Locator banana = page.getByRole(AriaRole.LISTITEM).nth(2);

Arguments

Returns


or

Added in: v1.33 locator.or

Creates a locator that matches either of the two locators.

Usage

Consider a scenario where you'd like to click on a "New email" button, but sometimes a security settings dialog shows up instead. In this case, you can wait for either a "New email" button, or a dialog and act accordingly.

Locator newEmail = page.getByRole(AriaRole.BUTTON, new Page.GetByRoleOptions().setName("New"));
Locator dialog = page.getByText("Confirm security settings");
assertThat(newEmail.or(dialog)).isVisible();
if (dialog.isVisible())
page.getByRole(AriaRole.BUTTON, new Page.GetByRoleOptions().setName("Dismiss")).click();
newEmail.click();

Arguments

  • locator Locator#

    Alternative locator to match.

Returns


page

Added in: v1.19 locator.page

A page this locator belongs to.

Usage

Locator.page();

Returns


press

Added in: v1.14 locator.press

Focuses the matching element and presses a combination of the keys.

Usage

page.getByRole(AriaRole.TEXTBOX).press("Backspace");

Arguments

  • key String#

    Name of the key to press or a character to generate, such as ArrowLeft or a.

  • options Locator.PressOptions (optional)

    • setDelay double (optional)#

      Time to wait between keydown and keyup in milliseconds. Defaults to 0.

    • setNoWaitAfter boolean (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • setTimeout double (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout() or Page.setDefaultTimeout() methods.

Returns

Details

Focuses the element, and then uses Keyboard.down() and Keyboard.up().

key can specify the intended keyboardEvent.key value or a single character to generate the text for. A superset of the key values can be found here. Examples of the keys are:

F1 - F12, Digit0- Digit9, KeyA- KeyZ, Backquote, Minus, Equal, Backslash, Backspace, Tab, Delete, Escape, ArrowDown, End, Enter, Home, Insert, PageDown, PageUp, ArrowRight, ArrowUp, etc.

Following modification shortcuts are also supported: Shift, Control, Alt, Meta, ShiftLeft, ControlOrMeta. ControlOrMeta resolves to Control on Windows and Linux and to Meta on macOS.

Holding down Shift will type the text that corresponds to the key in the upper case.

If key is a single character, it is case-sensitive, so the values a and A will generate different respective texts.

Shortcuts such as key: "Control+o", key: "Control++ or key: "Control+Shift+T" are supported as well. When specified with the modifier, modifier is pressed and being held while the subsequent key is being pressed.


pressSequentially

Added in: v1.38 locator.pressSequentially
tip

In most cases, you should use Locator.fill() instead. You only need to press keys one by one if there is special keyboard handling on the page.

Focuses the element, and then sends a keydown, keypress/input, and keyup event for each character in the text.

To press a special key, like Control or ArrowDown, use Locator.press().

Usage

locator.pressSequentially("Hello"); // Types instantly
locator.pressSequentially("World", new Locator.pressSequentiallyOptions().setDelay(100)); // Types slower, like a user

An example of typing into a text field and then submitting the form:

Locator locator = page.getByLabel("Password");
locator.pressSequentially("my password");
locator.press("Enter");

Arguments

  • text String#

    String of characters to sequentially press into a focused element.

  • options Locator.PressSequentiallyOptions (optional)

    • setDelay double (optional)#

      Time to wait between key presses in milliseconds. Defaults to 0.

    • setNoWaitAfter boolean (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • setTimeout double (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout() or Page.setDefaultTimeout() methods.

Returns


screenshot

Added in: v1.14 locator.screenshot

Take a screenshot of the element matching the locator.

Usage

page.getByRole(AriaRole.LINK).screenshot();

Disable animations and save screenshot to a file:

page.getByRole(AriaRole.LINK).screenshot(new Locator.ScreenshotOptions()
.setAnimations(ScreenshotAnimations.DISABLED)
.setPath(Paths.get("example.png")));

Arguments

  • options Locator.ScreenshotOptions (optional)
    • setAnimations enum ScreenshotAnimations { DISABLED, ALLOW } (optional)#

      When set to "disabled", stops CSS animations, CSS transitions and Web Animations. Animations get different treatment depending on their duration:

      • finite animations are fast-forwarded to completion, so they'll fire transitionend event.
      • infinite animations are canceled to initial state, and then played over after the screenshot.

      Defaults to "allow" that leaves animations untouched.

    • setCaret enum ScreenshotCaret { HIDE, INITIAL } (optional)#

      When set to "hide", screenshot will hide text caret. When set to "initial", text caret behavior will not be changed. Defaults to "hide".

    • setMask List<Locator> (optional)#

      Specify locators that should be masked when the screenshot is taken. Masked elements will be overlaid with a pink box #FF00FF (customized by maskColor) that completely covers its bounding box.

    • setMaskColor String (optional) Added in: v1.35#

      Specify the color of the overlay box for masked elements, in CSS color format. Default color is pink #FF00FF.

    • setOmitBackground boolean (optional)#

      Hides default white background and allows capturing screenshots with transparency. Not applicable to jpeg images. Defaults to false.

    • setPath Path (optional)#

      The file path to save the image to. The screenshot type will be inferred from file extension. If path is a relative path, then it is resolved relative to the current working directory. If no path is provided, the image won't be saved to the disk.

    • setQuality int (optional)#

      The quality of the image, between 0-100. Not applicable to png images.

    • setScale enum ScreenshotScale { CSS, DEVICE } (optional)#

      When set to "css", screenshot will have a single pixel per each css pixel on the page. For high-dpi devices, this will keep screenshots small. Using "device" option will produce a single pixel per each device pixel, so screenshots of high-dpi devices will be twice as large or even larger.

      Defaults to "device".

    • setStyle String (optional) Added in: v1.41#

      Text of the stylesheet to apply while making the screenshot. This is where you can hide dynamic elements, make elements invisible or change their properties to help you creating repeatable screenshots. This stylesheet pierces the Shadow DOM and applies to the inner frames.

    • setTimeout double (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout() or Page.setDefaultTimeout() methods.

    • setType enum ScreenshotType { PNG, JPEG } (optional)#

      Specify screenshot type, defaults to png.

Returns

Details

This method captures a screenshot of the page, clipped to the size and position of a particular element matching the locator. If the element is covered by other elements, it will not be actually visible on the screenshot. If the element is a scrollable container, only the currently scrolled content will be visible on the screenshot.

This method waits for the actionability checks, then scrolls element into view before taking a screenshot. If the element is detached from DOM, the method throws an error.

Returns the buffer with the captured screenshot.


scrollIntoViewIfNeeded

Added in: v1.14 locator.scrollIntoViewIfNeeded

This method waits for actionability checks, then tries to scroll element into view, unless it is completely visible as defined by IntersectionObserver's ratio.

Usage

Locator.scrollIntoViewIfNeeded();
Locator.scrollIntoViewIfNeeded(options);

Arguments

Returns


selectOption

Added in: v1.14 locator.selectOption

Selects option or options in <select>.

Usage

<select multiple>
<option value="red">Red</div>
<option value="green">Green</div>
<option value="blue">Blue</div>
</select>
// single selection matching the value or label
element.selectOption("blue");
// single selection matching the label
element.selectOption(new SelectOption().setLabel("Blue"));
// multiple selection for blue, red and second option
element.selectOption(new String[] {"red", "green", "blue"});

Arguments

  • values null | String | ElementHandle | String[] | SelectOption | ElementHandle[] | SelectOption[]#
    • setValue String (optional)

      Matches by option.value. Optional.

    • setLabel String (optional)

      Matches by option.label. Optional.

    • setIndex int (optional)

      Matches by the index. Optional.

    Options to select. If the <select> has the multiple attribute, all matching options are selected, otherwise only the first option matching one of the passed options is selected. String values are matching both values and labels. Option is considered matching if all specified properties match.
  • options Locator.SelectOptionOptions (optional)
    • setForce boolean (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • setNoWaitAfter boolean (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • setTimeout double (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout() or Page.setDefaultTimeout() methods.

Returns

Details

This method waits for actionability checks, waits until all specified options are present in the <select> element and selects these options.

If the target element is not a <select> element, this method throws an error. However, if the element is inside the <label> element that has an associated control, the control will be used instead.

Returns the array of option values that have been successfully selected.

Triggers a change and input event once all the provided options have been selected.


selectText

Added in: v1.14 locator.selectText

This method waits for actionability checks, then focuses the element and selects all its text content.

If the element is inside the <label> element that has an associated control, focuses and selects text in the control instead.

Usage

Locator.selectText();
Locator.selectText(options);

Arguments

Returns


setChecked

Added in: v1.15 locator.setChecked

Set the state of a checkbox or a radio element.

Usage

page.getByRole(AriaRole.CHECKBOX).setChecked(true);

Arguments

  • checked boolean#

    Whether to check or uncheck the checkbox.

  • options Locator.SetCheckedOptions (optional)

    • setForce boolean (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • setNoWaitAfter boolean (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • setPosition Position (optional)#

      A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element.

    • setTimeout double (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout() or Page.setDefaultTimeout() methods.

    • setTrial boolean (optional)#

      When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it.

Returns

Details

This method checks or unchecks an element by performing the following steps:

  1. Ensure that matched element is a checkbox or a radio input. If not, this method throws.
  2. If the element already has the right checked state, this method returns immediately.
  3. Wait for actionability checks on the matched element, unless force option is set. If the element is detached during the checks, the whole action is retried.
  4. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  5. Use Page.mouse() to click in the center of the element.
  6. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set.
  7. Ensure that the element is now checked or unchecked. If not, this method throws.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.


setInputFiles

Added in: v1.14 locator.setInputFiles

Upload file or multiple files into <input type=file>.

Usage

// Select one file
page.getByLabel("Upload file").setInputFiles(Paths.get("myfile.pdf"));

// Select multiple files
page.getByLabel("Upload files").setInputFiles(new Path[] {Paths.get("file1.txt"), Paths.get("file2.txt")});

// Remove all the selected files
page.getByLabel("Upload file").setInputFiles(new Path[0]);

// Upload buffer from memory
page.getByLabel("Upload file").setInputFiles(new FilePayload(
"file.txt", "text/plain", "this is test".getBytes(StandardCharsets.UTF_8)));

Arguments

  • files Path | Path[] | FilePayload | FilePayload[]#
  • options Locator.SetInputFilesOptions (optional)
    • setNoWaitAfter boolean (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • setTimeout double (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout() or Page.setDefaultTimeout() methods.

Returns

Details

Sets the value of the file input to these file paths or files. If some of the filePaths are relative paths, then they are resolved relative to the current working directory. For empty array, clears the selected files.

This method expects Locator to point to an input element. However, if the element is inside the <label> element that has an associated control, targets the control instead.


tap

Added in: v1.14 locator.tap

Perform a tap gesture on the element matching the locator.

Usage

Locator.tap();
Locator.tap(options);

Arguments

  • options Locator.TapOptions (optional)
    • setForce boolean (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • setModifiers List<enum KeyboardModifier { ALT, CONTROL, CONTROLORMETA, META, SHIFT }> (optional)#

      Modifier keys to press. Ensures that only these modifiers are pressed during the operation, and then restores current modifiers back. If not specified, currently pressed modifiers are used. "ControlOrMeta" resolves to "Control" on Windows and Linux and to "Meta" on macOS.

    • setNoWaitAfter boolean (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • setPosition Position (optional)#

      A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element.

    • setTimeout double (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout() or Page.setDefaultTimeout() methods.

    • setTrial boolean (optional)#

      When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it.

Returns

Details

This method taps the element by performing the following steps:

  1. Wait for actionability checks on the element, unless force option is set.
  2. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  3. Use Page.touchscreen() to tap the center of the element, or the specified position.
  4. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set.

If the element is detached from the DOM at any moment during the action, this method throws.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.

note

element.tap() requires that the hasTouch option of the browser context be set to true.


textContent

Added in: v1.14 locator.textContent

Returns the node.textContent.

Asserting text

If you need to assert text on the page, prefer assertThat(locator).hasText() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

Locator.textContent();
Locator.textContent(options);

Arguments

Returns


uncheck

Added in: v1.14 locator.uncheck

Ensure that checkbox or radio element is unchecked.

Usage

page.getByRole(AriaRole.CHECKBOX).uncheck();

Arguments

  • options Locator.UncheckOptions (optional)
    • setForce boolean (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • setNoWaitAfter boolean (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • setPosition Position (optional)#

      A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element.

    • setTimeout double (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout() or Page.setDefaultTimeout() methods.

    • setTrial boolean (optional)#

      When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it.

Returns

Details

This method unchecks the element by performing the following steps:

  1. Ensure that element is a checkbox or a radio input. If not, this method throws. If the element is already unchecked, this method returns immediately.
  2. Wait for actionability checks on the element, unless force option is set.
  3. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  4. Use Page.mouse() to click in the center of the element.
  5. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set.
  6. Ensure that the element is now unchecked. If not, this method throws.

If the element is detached from the DOM at any moment during the action, this method throws.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.


waitFor

Added in: v1.16 locator.waitFor

Returns when element specified by locator satisfies the state option.

If target element already satisfies the condition, the method returns immediately. Otherwise, waits for up to timeout milliseconds until the condition is met.

Usage

Locator orderSent = page.locator("#order-sent");
orderSent.waitFor();

Arguments

  • options Locator.WaitForOptions (optional)
    • setState enum WaitForSelectorState { ATTACHED, DETACHED, VISIBLE, HIDDEN } (optional)#

      Defaults to 'visible'. Can be either:

      • 'attached' - wait for element to be present in DOM.
      • 'detached' - wait for element to not be present in DOM.
      • 'visible' - wait for element to have non-empty bounding box and no visibility:hidden. Note that element without any content or with display:none has an empty bounding box and is not considered visible.
      • 'hidden' - wait for element to be either detached from DOM, or have an empty bounding box or visibility:hidden. This is opposite to the 'visible' option.
    • setTimeout double (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout() or Page.setDefaultTimeout() methods.

Returns


Deprecated

elementHandle

Added in: v1.14 locator.elementHandle
Discouraged

Always prefer using Locators and web assertions over ElementHandles because latter are inherently racy.

Resolves given locator to the first matching DOM element. If there are no matching elements, waits for one. If multiple elements match the locator, throws.

Usage

Locator.elementHandle();
Locator.elementHandle(options);

Arguments

Returns


elementHandles

Added in: v1.14 locator.elementHandles
Discouraged

Always prefer using Locators and web assertions over ElementHandles because latter are inherently racy.

Resolves given locator to all matching DOM elements. If there are no matching elements, returns an empty list.

Usage

Locator.elementHandles();

Returns


type

Added in: v1.14 locator.type
Deprecated

In most cases, you should use Locator.fill() instead. You only need to press keys one by one if there is special keyboard handling on the page - in this case use Locator.pressSequentially().

Focuses the element, and then sends a keydown, keypress/input, and keyup event for each character in the text.

To press a special key, like Control or ArrowDown, use Locator.press().

Usage

Arguments

  • text String#

    A text to type into a focused element.

  • options Locator.TypeOptions (optional)

    • setDelay double (optional)#

      Time to wait between key presses in milliseconds. Defaults to 0.

    • setNoWaitAfter boolean (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • setTimeout double (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.setDefaultTimeout() or Page.setDefaultTimeout() methods.

Returns