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Release notes

Version 1.33

Locators Update

  • Use Locator.Or() to create a locator that matches either of the two locators. Consider a scenario where you'd like to click on a "New email" button, but sometimes a security settings dialog shows up instead. In this case, you can wait for either a "New email" button, or a dialog and act accordingly:

    var newEmail = Page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Button, new() { Name = "New email" });
    var dialog = Page.GetByText("Confirm security settings");
    await Expect(newEmail.Or(dialog)).ToBeVisibleAsync();
    if (await dialog.IsVisibleAsync())
    await Page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Button, new() { Name = "Dismiss" }).ClickAsync();
    await newEmail.ClickAsync();
  • Use new options hasNot and hasNotText in Locator.Filter() to find elements that do not match certain conditions.

    var rowLocator = Page.Locator("tr");
    await rowLocator
    .Filter(new() { HasNotText = "text in column 1" })
    .Filter(new() { HasNot = Page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Button, new() { Name = "column 2 button" })})
  • Use new web-first assertion Expect(Locator).ToBeAttachedAsync() to ensure that the element is present in the page's DOM. Do not confuse with the Expect(Locator).ToBeVisibleAsync() that ensures that element is both attached & visible.

New APIs

⚠️ Breaking change

  • The now serves a Playwright image based on Ubuntu Jammy. To use the focal-based image, please use instead.

Browser Versions

  • Chromium 113.0.5672.53
  • Mozilla Firefox 112.0
  • WebKit 16.4

This version was also tested against the following stable channels:

  • Google Chrome 112
  • Microsoft Edge 112

Version 1.32

New APIs

Browser Versions

  • Chromium 112.0.5615.29
  • Mozilla Firefox 111.0
  • WebKit 16.4

This version was also tested against the following stable channels:

  • Google Chrome 111
  • Microsoft Edge 111

Version 1.31

New APIs


  • DOM snapshots in trace viewer can be now opened in a separate window.
  • New option Route.fetch.maxRedirects for method Route.FetchAsync().
  • Playwright now supports Debian 11 arm64.
  • Official docker images now include Node 18 instead of Node 16.

Browser Versions

  • Chromium 111.0.5563.19
  • Mozilla Firefox 109.0
  • WebKit 16.4

This version was also tested against the following stable channels:

  • Google Chrome 110
  • Microsoft Edge 110

Version 1.30

Browser Versions

  • Chromium 110.0.5481.38
  • Mozilla Firefox 108.0.2
  • WebKit 16.4

This version was also tested against the following stable channels:

  • Google Chrome 109
  • Microsoft Edge 109

Version 1.29

New APIs

  • New method Route.FetchAsync() and new option Json for Route.FulfillAsync():

    await Page.RouteAsync("**/api/settings", async route => {
    // Fetch original settings.
    var response = await route.FetchAsync();

    // Force settings theme to a predefined value.
    var json = await response.JsonAsync<MyDataType>();
    json.Theme = "Solarized";

    // Fulfill with modified data.
    await route.FulfillAsync(new() {
    Json = json
  • New method Locator.AllAsync() to iterate over all matching elements:

    // Check all checkboxes!
    var checkboxes = Page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Checkbox);
    foreach (var checkbox in await checkboxes.AllAsync())
    await checkbox.CheckAsync();
  • Locator.SelectOptionAsync() matches now by value or label:

    <select multiple>
    <option value="red">Red</div>
    <option value="green">Green</div>
    <option value="blue">Blue</div>
    await element.SelectOptionAsync("Red");

Browser Versions

  • Chromium 109.0.5414.46
  • Mozilla Firefox 107.0
  • WebKit 16.4

This version was also tested against the following stable channels:

  • Google Chrome 108
  • Microsoft Edge 108

Version 1.28

Playwright Tools

  • Live Locators in CodeGen. Generate a locator for any element on the page using "Explore" tool.

Locator Explorer

New APIs

Browser Versions

  • Chromium 108.0.5359.29
  • Mozilla Firefox 106.0
  • WebKit 16.4

This version was also tested against the following stable channels:

  • Google Chrome 107
  • Microsoft Edge 107

Version 1.27


With these new APIs writing locators is a joy:

await page.GetByLabel("User Name").FillAsync("John");

await page.GetByLabel("Password").FillAsync("secret-password");

await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Button, new() { NameString = "Sign in" }).ClickAsync();

await Expect(page.GetByText("Welcome, John!")).ToBeVisibleAsync();

All the same methods are also available on Locator, FrameLocator and Frame classes.

Other highlights

  • As announced in v1.25, Ubuntu 18 will not be supported as of Dec 2022. In addition to that, there will be no WebKit updates on Ubuntu 18 starting from the next Playwright release.

Behavior Changes

  • Expect(Locator).ToHaveAttributeAsync() with an empty value does not match missing attribute anymore. For example, the following snippet will succeed when button does not have a disabled attribute.

    await Expect(page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Button)).ToHaveAttribute("disabled", "");

Browser Versions

  • Chromium 107.0.5304.18
  • Mozilla Firefox 105.0.1
  • WebKit 16.0

This version was also tested against the following stable channels:

  • Google Chrome 106
  • Microsoft Edge 106

Version 1.26


Other highlights

  • New option MaxRedirects for ApiRequestContext.GetAsync() and others to limit redirect count.
  • Codegen now supports NUnit and MSTest frameworks.
  • ASP .NET is now supported.

Behavior Change

A bunch of Playwright APIs already support the WaitUntil: WaitUntilState.DOMContentLoaded option. For example:

await Page.GotoAsync("", new() { WaitUntil = WaitUntilState.DOMContentLoaded });

Prior to 1.26, this would wait for all iframes to fire the DOMContentLoaded event.

To align with web specification, the WaitUntilState.DOMContentLoaded value only waits for the target frame to fire the 'DOMContentLoaded' event. Use WaitUntil: WaitUntilState.Load to wait for all iframes.

Browser Versions

  • Chromium 106.0.5249.30
  • Mozilla Firefox 104.0
  • WebKit 16.0

This version was also tested against the following stable channels:

  • Google Chrome 105
  • Microsoft Edge 105

Version 1.25

New .runsettings file support

Microsoft.Playwright.NUnit and Microsoft.Playwright.MSTest will now consider the .runsettings file and passed settings via the CLI when running end-to-end tests. See in the documentation for a full list of supported settings.

The following does now work:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<!-- Playwright -->
<!-- General run configuration -->
<!-- For debugging selectors, it's recommend to set the following environment variable -->


  • 🪦 This is the last release with macOS 10.15 support (deprecated as of 1.21).
  • ⚠️ Ubuntu 18 is now deprecated and will not be supported as of Dec 2022.

Browser Versions

  • Chromium 105.0.5195.19
  • Mozilla Firefox 103.0
  • WebKit 16.0

This version was also tested against the following stable channels:

  • Google Chrome 104
  • Microsoft Edge 104

Version 1.24

🐂 Debian 11 Bullseye Support

Playwright now supports Debian 11 Bullseye on x86_64 for Chromium, Firefox and WebKit. Let us know if you encounter any issues!

Linux support looks like this:

Ubuntu 20.04Ubuntu 22.04Debian 11

New introduction docs

We rewrote our Getting Started docs to be more end-to-end testing focused. Check them out on

Version 1.23

API Testing

Playwright for .NET 1.23 introduces new API Testing that lets you send requests to the server directly from .NET! Now you can:

  • test your server API
  • prepare server side state before visiting the web application in a test
  • validate server side post-conditions after running some actions in the browser

To do a request on behalf of Playwright's Page, use new Page.APIRequest API:

// Do a GET request on behalf of page
var response = await Page.APIRequest.GetAsync("");
Console.WriteLine(await response.TextAsync());
Console.WriteLine((await response.JsonAsync())?.GetProperty("foo").GetString());

Read more about it in our API testing guide.

Network Replay

Now you can record network traffic into a HAR file and re-use this traffic in your tests.

To record network into HAR file:

pwsh bin/Debug/netX/playwright.ps1 open --save-har=example.har --save-har-glob="**/api/**"

Alternatively, you can record HAR programmatically:

var context = await browser.NewContextAsync(new()
RecordHarPath = harPath,
RecordHarUrlFilterString = "**/api/**",

// ... Perform actions ...

// Close context to ensure HAR is saved to disk.

Use the new methods Page.RouteFromHARAsync() or BrowserContext.RouteFromHARAsync() to serve matching responses from the HAR file:

await context.RouteFromHARAsync("example.har");

Read more in our documentation.

Advanced Routing

You can now use Route.FallbackAsync() to defer routing to other handlers.

Consider the following example:

// Remove a header from all requests.
await page.RouteAsync("**/*", async route =>
var headers = route.Request.Headers;
await route.ContinueAsync(new() { Headers = headers });

// Abort all images.
await page.RouteAsync("**/*", async route =>
if (route.Request.ResourceType == "image")
await route.AbortAsync();
await route.FallbackAsync();

Note that the new methods Page.RouteFromHARAsync() and BrowserContext.RouteFromHARAsync() also participate in routing and could be deferred to.

Web-First Assertions Update


  • If there's a service worker that's in your way, you can now easily disable it with a new context option serviceWorkers:

    var context = await Browser.NewContextAsync(new()
    ServiceWorkers = ServiceWorkerPolicy.Block
  • Using .zip path for recordHar context option automatically zips the resulting HAR:

    var context = await Browser.NewContextAsync(new() { RecordHarPath = "" });
  • If you intend to edit HAR by hand, consider using the "minimal" HAR recording mode that only records information that is essential for replaying:

    var context = await Browser.NewContextAsync(new() { RecordHarPath = "example.har", RecordHarMode = HarMode.Minimal });
  • Playwright now runs on Ubuntu 22 amd64 and Ubuntu 22 arm64.

  • Playwright for .NET now supports linux-arm64 and provides a arm64 Ubuntu 20.04 Docker image for it.

Version 1.22


  • Role selectors that allow selecting elements by their ARIA role, ARIA attributes and accessible name.

    // Click a button with accessible name "log in"
    await page.Locator("role=button[name='log in']").ClickAsync();

    Read more in our documentation.

  • New Locator.Filter() API to filter an existing locator

    var buttons = page.Locator("role=button");
    // ...
    var submitLocator = buttons.Filter(new() { HasText = "Sign up" });
    await submitLocator.ClickAsync();

Version 1.21


Behavior Changes

Browser Versions

  • Chromium 101.0.4951.26
  • Mozilla Firefox 98.0.2
  • WebKit 15.4

This version was also tested against the following stable channels:

  • Google Chrome 100
  • Microsoft Edge 100

Version 1.20

Web-First Assertions

Playwright for .NET 1.20 introduces Web-First Assertions.

Consider the following example:

using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Microsoft.Playwright.NUnit;
using NUnit.Framework;

namespace PlaywrightTests;

public class ExampleTests : PageTest
public async Task StatusBecomesSubmitted()
await Expect(Page.Locator(".status")).ToHaveTextAsync("Submitted");

Playwright will be re-testing the node with the selector .status until fetched Node has the "Submitted" text. It will be re-fetching the node and checking it over and over, until the condition is met or until the timeout is reached. You can pass this timeout as an option.

Read more in our documentation.

Other Updates


  • v1.20 is the last release to receive WebKit update for macOS 10.15 Catalina. Please update MacOS to keep using latest & greatest WebKit!

Browser Versions

  • Chromium 101.0.4921.0
  • Mozilla Firefox 97.0.1
  • WebKit 15.4

This version was also tested against the following stable channels:

  • Google Chrome 99
  • Microsoft Edge 99

Version 1.19


Browser Versions

  • Chromium 100.0.4863.0
  • Mozilla Firefox 96.0.1
  • WebKit 15.4

This version was also tested against the following stable channels:

  • Google Chrome 98
  • Microsoft Edge 98

Version 1.18

Locator Improvements

  • Locator.DragToAsync()

  • Each locator can now be optionally filtered by the text it contains:

    await Page.Locator("li", new() { HasTextString = "My Item" })

    Read more in locator documentation

New APIs & changes

Browser Versions

  • Chromium 99.0.4812.0
  • Mozilla Firefox 95.0
  • WebKit 15.4

This version was also tested against the following stable channels:

  • Google Chrome 97
  • Microsoft Edge 97

Version 1.17

Frame Locators

Playwright 1.17 introduces frame locators - a locator to the iframe on the page. Frame locators capture the logic sufficient to retrieve the iframe and then locate elements in that iframe. Frame locators are strict by default, will wait for iframe to appear and can be used in Web-First assertions.


Frame locators can be created with either Page.FrameLocator() or Locator.FrameLocator() method.

var locator = page.FrameLocator("#my-frame").Locator("text=Submit");
await locator.ClickAsync();

Read more at our documentation.

Trace Viewer Update

Playwright Trace Viewer is now available online at! Just drag-and-drop your file to inspect its contents.

NOTE: trace files are not uploaded anywhere; is a progressive web application that processes traces locally.

  • Playwright Test traces now include sources by default (these could be turned off with tracing option)
  • Trace Viewer now shows test name
  • New trace metadata tab with browser details
  • Snapshots now have URL bar


HTML Report Update

  • HTML report now supports dynamic filtering
  • Report is now a single static HTML file that could be sent by e-mail or as a slack attachment.


Ubuntu ARM64 support + more

  • Playwright now supports Ubuntu 20.04 ARM64. You can now run Playwright tests inside Docker on Apple M1 and on Raspberry Pi.

  • You can now use Playwright to install stable version of Edge on Linux:

    pwsh bin/Debug/netX/playwright.ps1 install msedge

New APIs

  • Tracing now supports a 'title' option
  • Page navigations support a new 'commit' waiting option

Version 1.16

🎭 Playwright Library


Wait for a locator to resolve to a single element with a given state. Defaults to the state: 'visible'.

var orderSent = page.Locator("#order-sent");

Read more about Locator.WaitForAsync().

🎭 Playwright Trace Viewer

  • run trace viewer with pwsh bin/Debug/netX/playwright.ps1 show-trace and drop trace files to the trace viewer PWA
  • better visual attribution of action targets

Read more about Trace Viewer.

Browser Versions

  • Chromium 97.0.4666.0
  • Mozilla Firefox 93.0
  • WebKit 15.4

This version of Playwright was also tested against the following stable channels:

  • Google Chrome 94
  • Microsoft Edge 94

Version 1.15

🖱️ Mouse Wheel

By using Page.Mouse.WheelAsync you are now able to scroll vertically or horizontally.

📜 New Headers API

Previously it was not possible to get multiple header values of a response. This is now possible and additional helper functions are available:

🌈 Forced-Colors emulation

Its now possible to emulate the forced-colors CSS media feature by passing it in the context options or calling Page.EmulateMediaAsync().

New APIs

Important ⚠

  • ⬆ .NET Core Apps 2.1 are no longer supported for our CLI tooling. As of August 31st, 2021, .NET Core 2.1 is no longer supported and will not receive any security updates. We've decided to move the CLI forward and require .NET Core 3.1 as a minimum.

Browser Versions

  • Chromium 96.0.4641.0
  • Mozilla Firefox 92.0
  • WebKit 15.0

Version 1.14

⚡️ New "strict" mode

Selector ambiguity is a common problem in automation testing. "strict" mode ensures that your selector points to a single element and throws otherwise.

Set setStrict(true) in your action calls to opt in.

// This will throw if you have more than one button!
await page.Locator("button", new() { Strict = true });

📍 New Locators API

Locator represents a view to the element(s) on the page. It captures the logic sufficient to retrieve the element at any given moment.

The difference between the Locator and ElementHandle is that the latter points to a particular element, while Locator captures the logic of how to retrieve that element.

Also, locators are "strict" by default!

var locator = page.Locator("button");
await locator.ClickAsync();

Learn more in the documentation.

🧩 Experimental React and Vue selector engines

React and Vue selectors allow selecting elements by its component name and/or property values. The syntax is very similar to attribute selectors and supports all attribute selector operators.

await page.Locator("_react=SubmitButton[enabled=true]").ClickAsync();
await page.Locator("_vue=submit-button[enabled=true]").ClickAsync();

Learn more in the react selectors documentation and the vue selectors documentation.

✨ New nth and visible selector engines

  • nth selector engine is equivalent to the :nth-match pseudo class, but could be combined with other selector engines.
  • visible selector engine is equivalent to the :visible pseudo class, but could be combined with other selector engines.
// select the first button among all buttons
await button.ClickAsync("button >> nth=0");
// or if you are using locators, you can use First, Nth() and Last
await page.Locator("button").First.ClickAsync();

// click a visible button
await button.ClickAsync("button >> visible=true");

Browser Versions

  • Chromium 94.0.4595.0
  • Mozilla Firefox 91.0
  • WebKit 15.0

Version 1.13



  • Playwright Trace Viewer now shows parameters, returned values and console.log() calls.

New and Overhauled Guides

Browser Versions

  • Chromium 93.0.4576.0
  • Mozilla Firefox 90.0
  • WebKit 14.2

New Playwright APIs

Version 1.12


  • Playwright for .NET v1.12 is now stable!
  • Ships with the codegen and trace viewer tools out-of-the-box

Browser Versions

  • Chromium 93.0.4530.0
  • Mozilla Firefox 89.0
  • WebKit 14.2

This version of Playwright was also tested against the following stable channels:

  • Google Chrome 91
  • Microsoft Edge 91