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Each BrowserContext can have multiple pages. A Page refers to a single tab or a popup window within a browser context. It should be used to navigate to URLs and interact with the page content.

// Create a page.
var page = await context.NewPageAsync();

// Navigate explicitly, similar to entering a URL in the browser.
await page.GotoAsync("");
// Fill an input.
await page.Locator("#search").FillAsync("query");

// Navigate implicitly by clicking a link.
await page.Locator("#submit").ClickAsync();
// Expect a new url.

Multiple pages

Each browser context can host multiple pages (tabs).

  • Each page behaves like a focused, active page. Bringing the page to front is not required.
  • Pages inside a context respect context-level emulation, like viewport sizes, custom network routes or browser locale.
// Create two pages
var pageOne = await context.NewPageAsync();
var pageTwo = await context.NewPageAsync();

// Get pages of a browser context
var allPages = context.Pages;

Handling new pages

The page event on browser contexts can be used to get new pages that are created in the context. This can be used to handle new pages opened by target="_blank" links.

// Get page after a specific action (e.g. clicking a link)
var newPage = await context.RunAndWaitForPageAsync(async () =>
await page.GetByText("open new tab").ClickAsync();
// Interact with the new page normally
await newPage.GetByRole(AriaRole.Button).ClickAsync();
Console.WriteLine(await newPage.TitleAsync());

If the action that triggers the new page is unknown, the following pattern can be used.

// Get all new pages (including popups) in the context
context.Page += async (_, page) => {
await page.WaitForLoadStateAsync();
Console.WriteLine(await page.TitleAsync());

Handling popups

If the page opens a pop-up (e.g. pages opened by target="_blank" links), you can get a reference to it by listening to the popup event on the page.

This event is emitted in addition to the browserContext.on('page') event, but only for popups relevant to this page.

// Get popup after a specific action (e.g., click)
var popup = await page.RunAndWaitForPopupAsync(async () =>
await page.GetByText("open the popup").ClickAsync();
// Interact with the popup normally
await popup.GetByRole(AriaRole.Button).ClickAsync();
Console.WriteLine(await popup.TitleAsync());

If the action that triggers the popup is unknown, the following pattern can be used.

// Get all popups when they open
page.Popup += async (_, popup) => {
await popup.WaitForLoadStateAsync();
Console.WriteLine(await page.TitleAsync());