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Playwright provides APIs to monitor and modify browser network traffic, both HTTP and HTTPS. Any requests that a page does, including XHRs and fetch requests, can be tracked, modified and handled.

Mock APIs

Check out our API mocking guide to learn more on how to

  • mock API requests and never hit the API
  • perform the API request and modify the response
  • use HAR files to mock network requests.

HTTP Authentication

Perform HTTP Authentication.

using var context = await Browser.NewContextAsync(new()
HttpCredentials = new HttpCredentials
Username = "bill",
Password = "pa55w0rd"
var page = await context.NewPageAsync();
await page.GotoAsync("");

HTTP Proxy

You can configure pages to load over the HTTP(S) proxy or SOCKSv5. Proxy can be either set globally for the entire browser, or for each browser context individually.

You can optionally specify username and password for HTTP(S) proxy, you can also specify hosts to bypass proxy for.

Here is an example of a global proxy:

var proxy = new Proxy
Server = "",
Username = "user",
Password = "pwd"
await using var browser = await BrowserType.LaunchAsync(new()
Proxy = proxy

When specifying proxy for each context individually, Chromium on Windows needs a hint that proxy will be set. This is done via passing a non-empty proxy server to the browser itself. Here is an example of a context-specific proxy:

var proxy = new Proxy { Server = "per-context" };
await using var browser = await BrowserType.LaunchAsync(new()
// Browser proxy option is required for Chromium on Windows.
Proxy = proxy
await using var context = await browser.NewContextAsync(new()
Proxy = new Proxy { Server = "" },

Network events

You can monitor all the Requests and Responses:

using Microsoft.Playwright;

using var playwright = await Playwright.CreateAsync();
await using var browser = await playwright.Chromium.LaunchAsync();
var page = await browser.NewPageAsync();
page.Request += (_, request) => Console.WriteLine(">> " + request.Method + " " + request.Url);
page.Response += (_, response) => Console.WriteLine("<< " + response.Status + " " + response.Url);
await page.GotoAsync("");

Or wait for a network response after the button click with Page.RunAndWaitForResponseAsync():

// Use a glob URL pattern
var waitForResponseTask = page.WaitForResponseAsync("**/api/fetch_data");
await page.GetByText("Update").ClickAsync();
var response = await waitForResponseTask;


Wait for Responses with Page.RunAndWaitForResponseAsync()

// Use a regular expression
var waitForResponseTask = page.WaitForResponseAsync(new Regex("\\.jpeg$"));
await page.GetByText("Update").ClickAsync();
var response = await waitForResponseTask;

// Use a predicate taking a Response object
var waitForResponseTask = page.WaitForResponseAsync(r => r.Url.Contains(token));
await page.GetByText("Update").ClickAsync();
var response = await waitForResponseTask;

Handle requests

You can mock API endpoints via handling the network requests in your Playwright script.


Set up route on the entire browser context with BrowserContext.RouteAsync() or page with Page.RouteAsync(). It will apply to popup windows and opened links.

await page.RouteAsync("**/api/fetch_data", async route => {
await route.FulfillAsync(new() { Status = 200, Body = testData });
await page.GotoAsync("");

Modify requests

// Delete header
await page.RouteAsync("**/*", async route => {
var headers = new Dictionary<string, string>(route.Request.Headers.ToDictionary(x => x.Key, x => x.Value));
await route.ContinueAsync(new() { Headers = headers });

// Continue requests as POST.
await page.RouteAsync("**/*", async route => await route.ContinueAsync(method: "POST"));

You can continue requests with modifications. Example above removes an HTTP header from the outgoing requests.

Abort requests

You can abort requests using Page.RouteAsync() and Route.AbortAsync().

await page.RouteAsync("**/*.{png,jpg,jpeg}", route => route.AbortAsync());

// Abort based on the request type
await page.RouteAsync("**/*", async route => {
if ("image".Equals(route.Request.ResourceType))
await route.AbortAsync();
await route.ContinueAsync();

Modify responses

To modify a response use APIRequestContext to get the original response and then pass the response to Route.FulfillAsync(). You can override individual fields on the response via options:

await Page.RouteAsync("**/title.html", async route =>
// Fetch original response.
var response = await route.FetchAsync();
// Add a prefix to the title.
var body = await response.TextAsync();
body = body.Replace("<title>", "<title>My prefix:");

var headers = response.Headers;
headers.Add("Content-Type", "text/html");

await route.FulfillAsync(new()
// Pass all fields from the response.
Response = response,
// Override response body.
Body = body,
// Force content type to be html.
Headers = headers,


Playwright supports WebSockets inspection out of the box. Every time a WebSocket is created, the Page.WebSocket event is fired. This event contains the WebSocket instance for further web socket frames inspection:

page.WebSocket += (_, ws) =>
Console.WriteLine("WebSocket opened: " + ws.Url);
ws.FrameSent += (_, f) => Console.WriteLine(f.Text);
ws.FrameReceived += (_, f) => Console.WriteLine(f.Text);
ws.Close += (_, ws1) => Console.WriteLine("WebSocket closed");

Missing Network Events and Service Workers

Playwright's built-in BrowserContext.RouteAsync() and Page.RouteAsync() allow your tests to natively route requests and perform mocking and interception.

  1. If you're using Playwright's native BrowserContext.RouteAsync() and Page.RouteAsync(), and it appears network events are missing, disable Service Workers by setting Browser.newContext.serviceWorkers to 'block'.
  2. It might be that you are using a mock tool such as Mock Service Worker (MSW). While this tool works out of the box for mocking responses, it adds its own Service Worker that takes over the network requests, hence making them invisible to BrowserContext.RouteAsync() and Page.RouteAsync(). If you are interested in both network testing and mocking, consider using built-in BrowserContext.RouteAsync() and Page.RouteAsync() for response mocking.
  3. If you're interested in not solely using Service Workers for testing and network mocking, but in routing and listening for requests made by Service Workers themselves, please see this experimental feature.