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Locator

Locators are the central piece of Playwright's auto-waiting and retry-ability. In a nutshell, locators represent a way to find element(s) on the page at any moment. A locator can be created with the Page.Locator() method.

Learn more about locators.


Methods

AllAsync

Added in: v1.29 locator.AllAsync

When the locator points to a list of elements, this returns an array of locators, pointing to their respective elements.

note

Locator.AllAsync() does not wait for elements to match the locator, and instead immediately returns whatever is present in the page. When the list of elements changes dynamically, Locator.AllAsync() will produce unpredictable and flaky results. When the list of elements is stable, but loaded dynamically, wait for the full list to finish loading before calling Locator.AllAsync().

Usage

foreach (var li in await page.GetByRole("listitem").AllAsync())
await li.ClickAsync();

Returns


AllInnerTextsAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.AllInnerTextsAsync

Returns an array of node.innerText values for all matching nodes.

Asserting text

If you need to assert text on the page, prefer Expect(Locator).ToHaveTextAsync() with useInnerText option to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

var texts = await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Link).AllInnerTextsAsync();

Returns


AllTextContentsAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.AllTextContentsAsync

Returns an array of node.textContent values for all matching nodes.

Asserting text

If you need to assert text on the page, prefer Expect(Locator).ToHaveTextAsync() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

var texts = await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Link).AllTextContentsAsync();

Returns


And

Added in: v1.34 locator.And

Creates a locator that matches both this locator and the argument locator.

Usage

The following example finds a button with a specific title.

var button = page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Button).And(page.GetByTitle("Subscribe"));

Arguments

  • locator Locator#

    Additional locator to match.

Returns


BlurAsync

Added in: v1.28 locator.BlurAsync

Calls blur on the element.

Usage

await Locator.BlurAsync(options);

Arguments

Returns


BoundingBoxAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.BoundingBoxAsync

This method returns the bounding box of the element matching the locator, or null if the element is not visible. The bounding box is calculated relative to the main frame viewport - which is usually the same as the browser window.

Usage

var box = await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Button).BoundingBoxAsync();
await page.Mouse.ClickAsync(box.X + box.Width / 2, box.Y + box.Height / 2);

Arguments

Returns

  • BoundingBox?#
    • x [float]

      the x coordinate of the element in pixels.

    • y [float]

      the y coordinate of the element in pixels.

    • width [float]

      the width of the element in pixels.

    • height [float]

      the height of the element in pixels.

Details

Scrolling affects the returned bounding box, similarly to Element.getBoundingClientRect. That means x and/or y may be negative.

Elements from child frames return the bounding box relative to the main frame, unlike the Element.getBoundingClientRect.

Assuming the page is static, it is safe to use bounding box coordinates to perform input. For example, the following snippet should click the center of the element.


CheckAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.CheckAsync

Ensure that checkbox or radio element is checked.

Usage

await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Checkbox).CheckAsync();

Arguments

  • options LocatorCheckOptions? (optional)
    • Force bool? (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • NoWaitAfter bool? (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • Position Position? (optional)#

      • X [float]

      • Y [float]

      A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element.

    • Timeout [float]? (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.SetDefaultTimeout() or Page.SetDefaultTimeout() methods.

    • Trial bool? (optional)#

      When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it.

Returns

Details

Performs the following steps:

  1. Ensure that element is a checkbox or a radio input. If not, this method throws. If the element is already checked, this method returns immediately.
  2. Wait for actionability checks on the element, unless force option is set.
  3. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  4. Use Page.Mouse to click in the center of the element.
  5. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set.
  6. Ensure that the element is now checked. If not, this method throws.

If the element is detached from the DOM at any moment during the action, this method throws.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.


ClearAsync

Added in: v1.28 locator.ClearAsync

Clear the input field.

Usage

await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Textbox).ClearAsync();

Arguments

  • options LocatorClearOptions? (optional)
    • Force bool? (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • NoWaitAfter bool? (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • Timeout [float]? (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.SetDefaultTimeout() or Page.SetDefaultTimeout() methods.

Returns

Details

This method waits for actionability checks, focuses the element, clears it and triggers an input event after clearing.

If the target element is not an <input>, <textarea> or [contenteditable] element, this method throws an error. However, if the element is inside the <label> element that has an associated control, the control will be cleared instead.


ClickAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.ClickAsync

Click an element.

Usage

Click a button:

await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Button).ClickAsync();

Shift-right-click at a specific position on a canvas:

await page.Locator("canvas").ClickAsync(new() {
Button = MouseButton.Right,
Modifiers = new[] { KeyboardModifier.Shift },
Position = new Position { X = 0, Y = 0 }
});

Arguments

  • options LocatorClickOptions? (optional)
    • Button enum MouseButton { Left, Right, Middle }? (optional)#

      Defaults to left.

    • ClickCount int? (optional)#

      defaults to 1. See UIEvent.detail.

    • Delay [float]? (optional)#

      Time to wait between mousedown and mouseup in milliseconds. Defaults to 0.

    • Force bool? (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • Modifiers IEnumerable?<enum KeyboardModifier { Alt, Control, Meta, Shift }> (optional)#

      Modifier keys to press. Ensures that only these modifiers are pressed during the operation, and then restores current modifiers back. If not specified, currently pressed modifiers are used.

    • NoWaitAfter bool? (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • Position Position? (optional)#

      • X [float]

      • Y [float]

      A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element.

    • Timeout [float]? (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.SetDefaultTimeout() or Page.SetDefaultTimeout() methods.

    • Trial bool? (optional)#

      When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it.

Returns

Details

This method clicks the element by performing the following steps:

  1. Wait for actionability checks on the element, unless force option is set.
  2. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  3. Use Page.Mouse to click in the center of the element, or the specified position.
  4. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set.

If the element is detached from the DOM at any moment during the action, this method throws.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.


CountAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.CountAsync

Returns the number of elements matching the locator.

Asserting count

If you need to assert the number of elements on the page, prefer Expect(Locator).ToHaveCountAsync() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

int count = await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Listitem).CountAsync();

Returns


DblClickAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.DblClickAsync

Double-click an element.

Usage

await Locator.DblClickAsync(options);

Arguments

  • options LocatorDblClickOptions? (optional)
    • Button enum MouseButton { Left, Right, Middle }? (optional)#

      Defaults to left.

    • Delay [float]? (optional)#

      Time to wait between mousedown and mouseup in milliseconds. Defaults to 0.

    • Force bool? (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • Modifiers IEnumerable?<enum KeyboardModifier { Alt, Control, Meta, Shift }> (optional)#

      Modifier keys to press. Ensures that only these modifiers are pressed during the operation, and then restores current modifiers back. If not specified, currently pressed modifiers are used.

    • NoWaitAfter bool? (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • Position Position? (optional)#

      • X [float]

      • Y [float]

      A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element.

    • Timeout [float]? (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.SetDefaultTimeout() or Page.SetDefaultTimeout() methods.

    • Trial bool? (optional)#

      When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it.

Returns

Details

This method double clicks the element by performing the following steps:

  1. Wait for actionability checks on the element, unless force option is set.
  2. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  3. Use Page.Mouse to double click in the center of the element, or the specified position.
  4. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set. Note that if the first click of the dblclick() triggers a navigation event, this method will throw.

If the element is detached from the DOM at any moment during the action, this method throws.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.

note

element.dblclick() dispatches two click events and a single dblclick event.


DispatchEventAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.DispatchEventAsync

Programmatically dispatch an event on the matching element.

Usage

await locator.DispatchEventAsync("click");

Arguments

  • type string#

    DOM event type: "click", "dragstart", etc.

  • eventInit EvaluationArgument? (optional)#

    Optional event-specific initialization properties.

  • options LocatorDispatchEventOptions? (optional)

Returns

Details

The snippet above dispatches the click event on the element. Regardless of the visibility state of the element, click is dispatched. This is equivalent to calling element.click().

Under the hood, it creates an instance of an event based on the given type, initializes it with eventInit properties and dispatches it on the element. Events are composed, cancelable and bubble by default.

Since eventInit is event-specific, please refer to the events documentation for the lists of initial properties:

You can also specify JSHandle as the property value if you want live objects to be passed into the event:

var dataTransfer = await page.EvaluateHandleAsync("() => new DataTransfer()");
await locator.DispatchEventAsync("dragstart", new Dictionary<string, object>
{
{ "dataTransfer", dataTransfer }
});

DragToAsync

Added in: v1.18 locator.DragToAsync

Drag the source element towards the target element and drop it.

Usage

var source = Page.Locator("#source");
var target = Page.Locator("#target");

await source.DragToAsync(target);
// or specify exact positions relative to the top-left corners of the elements:
await source.DragToAsync(target, new()
{
SourcePosition = new() { X = 34, Y = 7 },
TargetPosition = new() { X = 10, Y = 20 },
});

Arguments

  • target Locator#

    Locator of the element to drag to.

  • options LocatorDragToOptions? (optional)

    • Force bool? (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • NoWaitAfter bool? (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • SourcePosition SourcePosition? (optional)#

      • X [float]

      • Y [float]

      Clicks on the source element at this point relative to the top-left corner of the element's padding box. If not specified, some visible point of the element is used.

    • TargetPosition TargetPosition? (optional)#

      • X [float]

      • Y [float]

      Drops on the target element at this point relative to the top-left corner of the element's padding box. If not specified, some visible point of the element is used.

    • Timeout [float]? (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.SetDefaultTimeout() or Page.SetDefaultTimeout() methods.

    • Trial bool? (optional)#

      When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it.

Returns

Details

This method drags the locator to another target locator or target position. It will first move to the source element, perform a mousedown, then move to the target element or position and perform a mouseup.


EvaluateAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.EvaluateAsync

Execute JavaScript code in the page, taking the matching element as an argument.

Usage

var tweets = page.Locator(".tweet .retweets");
Assert.AreEqual("10 retweets", await tweets.EvaluateAsync("node => node.innerText"));

Arguments

  • expression string#

    JavaScript expression to be evaluated in the browser context. If the expression evaluates to a function, the function is automatically invoked.

  • arg EvaluationArgument? (optional)#

    Optional argument to pass to expression.

  • options LocatorEvaluateOptions? (optional)

Returns

  • [object]#

Details

Returns the return value of expression, called with the matching element as a first argument, and arg as a second argument.

If expression returns a Promise, this method will wait for the promise to resolve and return its value.

If expression throws or rejects, this method throws.


EvaluateAllAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.EvaluateAllAsync

Execute JavaScript code in the page, taking all matching elements as an argument.

Usage

var locator = page.Locator("div");
var moreThanTen = await locator.EvaluateAllAsync<bool>("(divs, min) => divs.length > min", 10);

Arguments

  • expression string#

    JavaScript expression to be evaluated in the browser context. If the expression evaluates to a function, the function is automatically invoked.

  • arg EvaluationArgument? (optional)#

    Optional argument to pass to expression.

Returns

  • [object]#

Details

Returns the return value of expression, called with an array of all matching elements as a first argument, and arg as a second argument.

If expression returns a Promise, this method will wait for the promise to resolve and return its value.

If expression throws or rejects, this method throws.


EvaluateHandleAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.EvaluateHandleAsync

Execute JavaScript code in the page, taking the matching element as an argument, and return a JSHandle with the result.

Usage

await Locator.EvaluateHandleAsync(expression, arg, options);

Arguments

  • expression string#

    JavaScript expression to be evaluated in the browser context. If the expression evaluates to a function, the function is automatically invoked.

  • arg EvaluationArgument? (optional)#

    Optional argument to pass to expression.

  • options LocatorEvaluateHandleOptions? (optional)

Returns

Details

Returns the return value of expression as aJSHandle, called with the matching element as a first argument, and arg as a second argument.

The only difference between Locator.EvaluateAsync() and Locator.EvaluateHandleAsync() is that Locator.EvaluateHandleAsync() returns JSHandle.

If expression returns a Promise, this method will wait for the promise to resolve and return its value.

If expression throws or rejects, this method throws.

See Page.EvaluateHandleAsync() for more details.


FillAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.FillAsync

Set a value to the input field.

Usage

await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Textbox).FillAsync("example value");

Arguments

  • value string#

    Value to set for the <input>, <textarea> or [contenteditable] element.

  • options LocatorFillOptions? (optional)

    • Force bool? (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • NoWaitAfter bool? (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • Timeout [float]? (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.SetDefaultTimeout() or Page.SetDefaultTimeout() methods.

Returns

Details

This method waits for actionability checks, focuses the element, fills it and triggers an input event after filling. Note that you can pass an empty string to clear the input field.

If the target element is not an <input>, <textarea> or [contenteditable] element, this method throws an error. However, if the element is inside the <label> element that has an associated control, the control will be filled instead.

To send fine-grained keyboard events, use Locator.PressSequentiallyAsync().


Filter

Added in: v1.22 locator.Filter

This method narrows existing locator according to the options, for example filters by text. It can be chained to filter multiple times.

Usage

var rowLocator = page.Locator("tr");
// ...
await rowLocator
.Filter(new() { HasText = "text in column 1" })
.Filter(new() {
Has = page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Button, new() { Name = "column 2 button" } )
})
.ScreenshotAsync();

Arguments

  • options LocatorFilterOptions? (optional)
    • Has Locator? (optional)#

      Narrows down the results of the method to those which contain elements matching this relative locator. For example, article that has text=Playwright matches <article><div>Playwright</div></article>.

      Inner locator must be relative to the outer locator and is queried starting with the outer locator match, not the document root. For example, you can find content that has div in <article><content><div>Playwright</div></content></article>. However, looking for content that has article div will fail, because the inner locator must be relative and should not use any elements outside the content.

      Note that outer and inner locators must belong to the same frame. Inner locator must not contain FrameLocators.

    • HasNot Locator? (optional) Added in: v1.33#

      Matches elements that do not contain an element that matches an inner locator. Inner locator is queried against the outer one. For example, article that does not have div matches <article><span>Playwright</span></article>.

      Note that outer and inner locators must belong to the same frame. Inner locator must not contain FrameLocators.

    • HasNotText|HasNotTextRegex string?|Regex? (optional) Added in: v1.33#

      Matches elements that do not contain specified text somewhere inside, possibly in a child or a descendant element. When passed a string, matching is case-insensitive and searches for a substring.

    • HasText|HasTextRegex string?|Regex? (optional)#

      Matches elements containing specified text somewhere inside, possibly in a child or a descendant element. When passed a string, matching is case-insensitive and searches for a substring. For example, "Playwright" matches <article><div>Playwright</div></article>.

Returns


First

Added in: v1.14 locator.First

Returns locator to the first matching element.

Usage

Locator.First

Returns


FocusAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.FocusAsync

Calls focus on the matching element.

Usage

await Locator.FocusAsync(options);

Arguments

Returns


FrameLocator

Added in: v1.17 locator.FrameLocator

When working with iframes, you can create a frame locator that will enter the iframe and allow locating elements in that iframe:

Usage

var locator = page.FrameLocator("iframe").GetByText("Submit");
await locator.ClickAsync();

Arguments

  • selector string#

    A selector to use when resolving DOM element.

Returns


GetAttributeAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.GetAttributeAsync

Returns the matching element's attribute value.

Asserting attributes

If you need to assert an element's attribute, prefer Expect(Locator).ToHaveAttributeAsync() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

await Locator.GetAttributeAsync(name, options);

Arguments

  • name string#

    Attribute name to get the value for.

  • options LocatorGetAttributeOptions? (optional)

Returns


GetByAltText

Added in: v1.27 locator.GetByAltText

Allows locating elements by their alt text.

Usage

For example, this method will find the image by alt text "Playwright logo":

<img alt='Playwright logo'>
await page.GetByAltText("Playwright logo").ClickAsync();

Arguments

  • text string|Regex#

    Text to locate the element for.

  • options LocatorGetByAltTextOptions? (optional)

    • Exact bool? (optional)#

      Whether to find an exact match: case-sensitive and whole-string. Default to false. Ignored when locating by a regular expression. Note that exact match still trims whitespace.

Returns


GetByLabel

Added in: v1.27 locator.GetByLabel

Allows locating input elements by the text of the associated <label> or aria-labelledby element, or by the aria-label attribute.

Usage

For example, this method will find inputs by label "Username" and "Password" in the following DOM:

<input aria-label="Username">
<label for="password-input">Password:</label>
<input id="password-input">
await page.GetByLabel("Username").FillAsync("john");
await page.GetByLabel("Password").FillAsync("secret");

Arguments

  • text string|Regex#

    Text to locate the element for.

  • options LocatorGetByLabelOptions? (optional)

    • Exact bool? (optional)#

      Whether to find an exact match: case-sensitive and whole-string. Default to false. Ignored when locating by a regular expression. Note that exact match still trims whitespace.

Returns


GetByPlaceholder

Added in: v1.27 locator.GetByPlaceholder

Allows locating input elements by the placeholder text.

Usage

For example, consider the following DOM structure.

<input type="email" placeholder="name@example.com" />

You can fill the input after locating it by the placeholder text:

await page
.GetByPlaceholder("name@example.com")
.FillAsync("playwright@microsoft.com");

Arguments

  • text string|Regex#

    Text to locate the element for.

  • options LocatorGetByPlaceholderOptions? (optional)

    • Exact bool? (optional)#

      Whether to find an exact match: case-sensitive and whole-string. Default to false. Ignored when locating by a regular expression. Note that exact match still trims whitespace.

Returns


GetByRole

Added in: v1.27 locator.GetByRole

Allows locating elements by their ARIA role, ARIA attributes and accessible name.

Usage

Consider the following DOM structure.

<h3>Sign up</h3>
<label>
<input type="checkbox" /> Subscribe
</label>
<br/>
<button>Submit</button>

You can locate each element by it's implicit role:

await Expect(Page
.GetByRole(AriaRole.Heading, new() { Name = "Sign up" }))
.ToBeVisibleAsync();

await page
.GetByRole(AriaRole.Checkbox, new() { Name = "Subscribe" })
.CheckAsync();

await page
.GetByRole(AriaRole.Button, new() {
NameRegex = new Regex("submit", RegexOptions.IgnoreCase)
})
.ClickAsync();

Arguments

  • role enum AriaRole { Alert, Alertdialog, Application, Article, Banner, Blockquote, Button, Caption, Cell, Checkbox, Code, Columnheader, Combobox, Complementary, Contentinfo, Definition, Deletion, Dialog, Directory, Document, Emphasis, Feed, Figure, Form, Generic, Grid, Gridcell, Group, Heading, Img, Insertion, Link, List, Listbox, Listitem, Log, Main, Marquee, Math, Meter, Menu, Menubar, Menuitem, Menuitemcheckbox, Menuitemradio, Navigation, None, Note, Option, Paragraph, Presentation, Progressbar, Radio, Radiogroup, Region, Row, Rowgroup, Rowheader, Scrollbar, Search, Searchbox, Separator, Slider, Spinbutton, Status, Strong, Subscript, Superscript, Switch, Tab, Table, Tablist, Tabpanel, Term, Textbox, Time, Timer, Toolbar, Tooltip, Tree, Treegrid, Treeitem }#

    Required aria role.

  • options LocatorGetByRoleOptions? (optional)

    • Checked bool? (optional)#

      An attribute that is usually set by aria-checked or native <input type=checkbox> controls.

      Learn more about aria-checked.

    • Disabled bool? (optional)#

      An attribute that is usually set by aria-disabled or disabled.

      note

      Unlike most other attributes, disabled is inherited through the DOM hierarchy. Learn more about aria-disabled.

    • Exact bool? (optional) Added in: v1.28#

      Whether name is matched exactly: case-sensitive and whole-string. Defaults to false. Ignored when name is a regular expression. Note that exact match still trims whitespace.

    • Expanded bool? (optional)#

      An attribute that is usually set by aria-expanded.

      Learn more about aria-expanded.

    • IncludeHidden bool? (optional)#

      Option that controls whether hidden elements are matched. By default, only non-hidden elements, as defined by ARIA, are matched by role selector.

      Learn more about aria-hidden.

    • Level int? (optional)#

      A number attribute that is usually present for roles heading, listitem, row, treeitem, with default values for <h1>-<h6> elements.

      Learn more about aria-level.

    • Name|NameRegex string?|Regex? (optional)#

      Option to match the accessible name. By default, matching is case-insensitive and searches for a substring, use exact to control this behavior.

      Learn more about accessible name.

    • Pressed bool? (optional)#

      An attribute that is usually set by aria-pressed.

      Learn more about aria-pressed.

    • Selected bool? (optional)#

      An attribute that is usually set by aria-selected.

      Learn more about aria-selected.

Returns

Details

Role selector does not replace accessibility audits and conformance tests, but rather gives early feedback about the ARIA guidelines.

Many html elements have an implicitly defined role that is recognized by the role selector. You can find all the supported roles here. ARIA guidelines do not recommend duplicating implicit roles and attributes by setting role and/or aria-* attributes to default values.


GetByTestId

Added in: v1.27 locator.GetByTestId

Locate element by the test id.

Usage

Consider the following DOM structure.

<button data-testid="directions">Itinéraire</button>

You can locate the element by it's test id:

await page.GetByTestId("directions").ClickAsync();

Arguments

Returns

Details

By default, the data-testid attribute is used as a test id. Use Selectors.SetTestIdAttribute() to configure a different test id attribute if necessary.


GetByText

Added in: v1.27 locator.GetByText

Allows locating elements that contain given text.

See also Locator.Filter() that allows to match by another criteria, like an accessible role, and then filter by the text content.

Usage

Consider the following DOM structure:

<div>Hello <span>world</span></div>
<div>Hello</div>

You can locate by text substring, exact string, or a regular expression:

// Matches <span>
page.GetByText("world");

// Matches first <div>
page.GetByText("Hello world");

// Matches second <div>
page.GetByText("Hello", new() { Exact = true });

// Matches both <div>s
page.GetByText(new Regex("Hello"));

// Matches second <div>
page.GetByText(new Regex("^hello$", RegexOptions.IgnoreCase));

Arguments

  • text string|Regex#

    Text to locate the element for.

  • options LocatorGetByTextOptions? (optional)

    • Exact bool? (optional)#

      Whether to find an exact match: case-sensitive and whole-string. Default to false. Ignored when locating by a regular expression. Note that exact match still trims whitespace.

Returns

Details

Matching by text always normalizes whitespace, even with exact match. For example, it turns multiple spaces into one, turns line breaks into spaces and ignores leading and trailing whitespace.

Input elements of the type button and submit are matched by their value instead of the text content. For example, locating by text "Log in" matches <input type=button value="Log in">.


GetByTitle

Added in: v1.27 locator.GetByTitle

Allows locating elements by their title attribute.

Usage

Consider the following DOM structure.

<span title='Issues count'>25 issues</span>

You can check the issues count after locating it by the title text:

await Expect(Page.GetByTitle("Issues count")).toHaveText("25 issues");

Arguments

  • text string|Regex#

    Text to locate the element for.

  • options LocatorGetByTitleOptions? (optional)

    • Exact bool? (optional)#

      Whether to find an exact match: case-sensitive and whole-string. Default to false. Ignored when locating by a regular expression. Note that exact match still trims whitespace.

Returns


HighlightAsync

Added in: v1.20 locator.HighlightAsync

Highlight the corresponding element(s) on the screen. Useful for debugging, don't commit the code that uses Locator.HighlightAsync().

Usage

await Locator.HighlightAsync();

Returns


HoverAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.HoverAsync

Hover over the matching element.

Usage

await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Link).HoverAsync();

Arguments

  • options LocatorHoverOptions? (optional)
    • Force bool? (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • Modifiers IEnumerable?<enum KeyboardModifier { Alt, Control, Meta, Shift }> (optional)#

      Modifier keys to press. Ensures that only these modifiers are pressed during the operation, and then restores current modifiers back. If not specified, currently pressed modifiers are used.

    • NoWaitAfter bool? (optional) Added in: v1.28#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • Position Position? (optional)#

      • X [float]

      • Y [float]

      A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element.

    • Timeout [float]? (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.SetDefaultTimeout() or Page.SetDefaultTimeout() methods.

    • Trial bool? (optional)#

      When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it.

Returns

Details

This method hovers over the element by performing the following steps:

  1. Wait for actionability checks on the element, unless force option is set.
  2. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  3. Use Page.Mouse to hover over the center of the element, or the specified position.
  4. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set.

If the element is detached from the DOM at any moment during the action, this method throws.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.


InnerHTMLAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.InnerHTMLAsync

Returns the element.innerHTML.

Usage

await Locator.InnerHTMLAsync(options);

Arguments

Returns


InnerTextAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.InnerTextAsync

Returns the element.innerText.

Asserting text

If you need to assert text on the page, prefer Expect(Locator).ToHaveTextAsync() with useInnerText option to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

await Locator.InnerTextAsync(options);

Arguments

Returns


InputValueAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.InputValueAsync

Returns the value for the matching <input> or <textarea> or <select> element.

Asserting value

If you need to assert input value, prefer Expect(Locator).ToHaveValueAsync() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

String value = await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Textbox).InputValueAsync();

Arguments

Returns

Details

Throws elements that are not an input, textarea or a select. However, if the element is inside the <label> element that has an associated control, returns the value of the control.


IsCheckedAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.IsCheckedAsync

Returns whether the element is checked. Throws if the element is not a checkbox or radio input.

Asserting checked state

If you need to assert that checkbox is checked, prefer Expect(Locator).ToBeCheckedAsync() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

var isChecked = await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Checkbox).IsCheckedAsync();

Arguments

Returns


IsDisabledAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.IsDisabledAsync

Returns whether the element is disabled, the opposite of enabled.

Asserting disabled state

If you need to assert that an element is disabled, prefer Expect(Locator).ToBeDisabledAsync() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

Boolean disabled = await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Button).IsDisabledAsync();

Arguments

Returns


IsEditableAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.IsEditableAsync

Returns whether the element is editable.

Asserting editable state

If you need to assert that an element is editable, prefer Expect(Locator).ToBeEditableAsync() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

Boolean editable = await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Textbox).IsEditableAsync();

Arguments

Returns


IsEnabledAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.IsEnabledAsync

Returns whether the element is enabled.

Asserting enabled state

If you need to assert that an element is enabled, prefer Expect(Locator).ToBeEnabledAsync() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

Boolean enabled = await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Button).IsEnabledAsync();

Arguments

Returns


IsHiddenAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.IsHiddenAsync

Returns whether the element is hidden, the opposite of visible.

Asserting visibility

If you need to assert that element is hidden, prefer Expect(Locator).ToBeHiddenAsync() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

Boolean hidden = await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Button).IsHiddenAsync();

Arguments

  • options LocatorIsHiddenOptions? (optional)
    • Timeout [float]? (optional)#

      :::caution Deprecated This option is ignored. Locator.IsHiddenAsync() does not wait for the element to become hidden and returns immediately. :::

Returns


IsVisibleAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.IsVisibleAsync

Returns whether the element is visible.

Asserting visibility

If you need to assert that element is visible, prefer Expect(Locator).ToBeVisibleAsync() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

Boolean visible = await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Button).IsVisibleAsync();

Arguments

  • options LocatorIsVisibleOptions? (optional)
    • Timeout [float]? (optional)#

      :::caution Deprecated This option is ignored. Locator.IsVisibleAsync() does not wait for the element to become visible and returns immediately. :::

Returns


Last

Added in: v1.14 locator.Last

Returns locator to the last matching element.

Usage

var banana = await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Listitem).Last(1);

Returns


Locator

Added in: v1.14 locator.Locator

The method finds an element matching the specified selector in the locator's subtree. It also accepts filter options, similar to Locator.Filter() method.

Learn more about locators.

Usage

Locator.Locator(selectorOrLocator, options);

Arguments

  • selectorOrLocator string|Locator#

    A selector or locator to use when resolving DOM element.

  • options LocatorLocatorOptions? (optional)

    • Has Locator? (optional)#

      Narrows down the results of the method to those which contain elements matching this relative locator. For example, article that has text=Playwright matches <article><div>Playwright</div></article>.

      Inner locator must be relative to the outer locator and is queried starting with the outer locator match, not the document root. For example, you can find content that has div in <article><content><div>Playwright</div></content></article>. However, looking for content that has article div will fail, because the inner locator must be relative and should not use any elements outside the content.

      Note that outer and inner locators must belong to the same frame. Inner locator must not contain FrameLocators.

    • HasNot Locator? (optional) Added in: v1.33#

      Matches elements that do not contain an element that matches an inner locator. Inner locator is queried against the outer one. For example, article that does not have div matches <article><span>Playwright</span></article>.

      Note that outer and inner locators must belong to the same frame. Inner locator must not contain FrameLocators.

    • HasNotText|HasNotTextRegex string?|Regex? (optional) Added in: v1.33#

      Matches elements that do not contain specified text somewhere inside, possibly in a child or a descendant element. When passed a string, matching is case-insensitive and searches for a substring.

    • HasText|HasTextRegex string?|Regex? (optional)#

      Matches elements containing specified text somewhere inside, possibly in a child or a descendant element. When passed a string, matching is case-insensitive and searches for a substring. For example, "Playwright" matches <article><div>Playwright</div></article>.

Returns


Nth

Added in: v1.14 locator.Nth

Returns locator to the n-th matching element. It's zero based, nth(0) selects the first element.

Usage

var banana = await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Listitem).Nth(2);

Arguments

Returns


Or

Added in: v1.33 locator.Or

Creates a locator that matches either of the two locators.

Usage

Consider a scenario where you'd like to click on a "New email" button, but sometimes a security settings dialog shows up instead. In this case, you can wait for either a "New email" button, or a dialog and act accordingly.

var newEmail = page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Button, new() { Name = "New" });
var dialog = page.GetByText("Confirm security settings");
await Expect(newEmail.Or(dialog)).ToBeVisibleAsync();
if (await dialog.IsVisibleAsync())
await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Button, new() { Name = "Dismiss" }).ClickAsync();
await newEmail.ClickAsync();

Arguments

  • locator Locator#

    Alternative locator to match.

Returns


Page

Added in: v1.19 locator.Page

A page this locator belongs to.

Usage

Locator.Page

Returns


PressAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.PressAsync

Focuses the matching element and presses a combination of the keys.

Usage

await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Textbox).PressAsync("Backspace");

Arguments

  • key string#

    Name of the key to press or a character to generate, such as ArrowLeft or a.

  • options LocatorPressOptions? (optional)

    • Delay [float]? (optional)#

      Time to wait between keydown and keyup in milliseconds. Defaults to 0.

    • NoWaitAfter bool? (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • Timeout [float]? (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.SetDefaultTimeout() or Page.SetDefaultTimeout() methods.

Returns

Details

Focuses the element, and then uses Keyboard.DownAsync() and Keyboard.UpAsync().

key can specify the intended keyboardEvent.key value or a single character to generate the text for. A superset of the key values can be found here. Examples of the keys are:

F1 - F12, Digit0- Digit9, KeyA- KeyZ, Backquote, Minus, Equal, Backslash, Backspace, Tab, Delete, Escape, ArrowDown, End, Enter, Home, Insert, PageDown, PageUp, ArrowRight, ArrowUp, etc.

Following modification shortcuts are also supported: Shift, Control, Alt, Meta, ShiftLeft.

Holding down Shift will type the text that corresponds to the key in the upper case.

If key is a single character, it is case-sensitive, so the values a and A will generate different respective texts.

Shortcuts such as key: "Control+o", key: "Control++ or key: "Control+Shift+T" are supported as well. When specified with the modifier, modifier is pressed and being held while the subsequent key is being pressed.


PressSequentiallyAsync

Added in: v1.38 locator.PressSequentiallyAsync
tip

In most cases, you should use Locator.FillAsync() instead. You only need to press keys one by one if there is special keyboard handling on the page.

Focuses the element, and then sends a keydown, keypress/input, and keyup event for each character in the text.

To press a special key, like Control or ArrowDown, use Locator.PressAsync().

Usage

await locator.PressSequentiallyAsync("Hello"); // Types instantly
await locator.PressSequentiallyAsync("World", new() { Delay = 100 }); // Types slower, like a user

An example of typing into a text field and then submitting the form:

var locator = page.GetByLabel("Password");
await locator.PressSequentiallyAsync("my password");
await locator.PressAsync("Enter");

Arguments

  • text string#

    String of characters to sequentially press into a focused element.

  • options LocatorPressSequentiallyOptions? (optional)

    • Delay [float]? (optional)#

      Time to wait between key presses in milliseconds. Defaults to 0.

    • NoWaitAfter bool? (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • Timeout [float]? (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.SetDefaultTimeout() or Page.SetDefaultTimeout() methods.

Returns


ScreenshotAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.ScreenshotAsync

Take a screenshot of the element matching the locator.

Usage

await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Link).ScreenshotAsync();

Disable animations and save screenshot to a file:

await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Link).ScreenshotAsync(new() {
Animations = ScreenshotAnimations.Disabled,
Path = "link.png"
});

Arguments

  • options LocatorScreenshotOptions? (optional)
    • Animations enum ScreenshotAnimations { Disabled, Allow }? (optional)#

      When set to "disabled", stops CSS animations, CSS transitions and Web Animations. Animations get different treatment depending on their duration:

      • finite animations are fast-forwarded to completion, so they'll fire transitionend event.
      • infinite animations are canceled to initial state, and then played over after the screenshot.

      Defaults to "allow" that leaves animations untouched.

    • Caret enum ScreenshotCaret { Hide, Initial }? (optional)#

      When set to "hide", screenshot will hide text caret. When set to "initial", text caret behavior will not be changed. Defaults to "hide".

    • Mask IEnumerable?<Locator> (optional)#

      Specify locators that should be masked when the screenshot is taken. Masked elements will be overlaid with a pink box #FF00FF (customized by maskColor) that completely covers its bounding box.

    • MaskColor string? (optional) Added in: v1.35#

      Specify the color of the overlay box for masked elements, in CSS color format. Default color is pink #FF00FF.

    • OmitBackground bool? (optional)#

      Hides default white background and allows capturing screenshots with transparency. Not applicable to jpeg images. Defaults to false.

    • Path string? (optional)#

      The file path to save the image to. The screenshot type will be inferred from file extension. If path is a relative path, then it is resolved relative to the current working directory. If no path is provided, the image won't be saved to the disk.

    • Quality int? (optional)#

      The quality of the image, between 0-100. Not applicable to png images.

    • Scale enum ScreenshotScale { Css, Device }? (optional)#

      When set to "css", screenshot will have a single pixel per each css pixel on the page. For high-dpi devices, this will keep screenshots small. Using "device" option will produce a single pixel per each device pixel, so screenshots of high-dpi devices will be twice as large or even larger.

      Defaults to "device".

    • Style string? (optional) Added in: v1.41#

      Text of the stylesheet to apply while making the screenshot. This is where you can hide dynamic elements, make elements invisible or change their properties to help you creating repeatable screenshots. This stylesheet pierces the Shadow DOM and applies to the inner frames.

    • Timeout [float]? (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.SetDefaultTimeout() or Page.SetDefaultTimeout() methods.

    • Type enum ScreenshotType { Png, Jpeg }? (optional)#

      Specify screenshot type, defaults to png.

Returns

Details

This method captures a screenshot of the page, clipped to the size and position of a particular element matching the locator. If the element is covered by other elements, it will not be actually visible on the screenshot. If the element is a scrollable container, only the currently scrolled content will be visible on the screenshot.

This method waits for the actionability checks, then scrolls element into view before taking a screenshot. If the element is detached from DOM, the method throws an error.

Returns the buffer with the captured screenshot.


ScrollIntoViewIfNeededAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.ScrollIntoViewIfNeededAsync

This method waits for actionability checks, then tries to scroll element into view, unless it is completely visible as defined by IntersectionObserver's ratio.

Usage

await Locator.ScrollIntoViewIfNeededAsync(options);

Arguments

Returns


SelectOptionAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.SelectOptionAsync

Selects option or options in <select>.

Usage

<select multiple>
<option value="red">Red</div>
<option value="green">Green</div>
<option value="blue">Blue</div>
</select>
// single selection matching the value or label
await element.SelectOptionAsync(new[] { "blue" });
// single selection matching the label
await element.SelectOptionAsync(new[] { new SelectOptionValue() { Label = "blue" } });
// multiple selection for blue, red and second option
await element.SelectOptionAsync(new[] { "red", "green", "blue" });

Arguments

  • values string?|ElementHandle?|IEnumerable?<string>|SelectOption|IEnumerable?<ElementHandle>|IEnumerable?<SelectOption>#
    • Value string? (optional)

      Matches by option.value. Optional.

    • Label string? (optional)

      Matches by option.label. Optional.

    • Index int? (optional)

      Matches by the index. Optional.

    Options to select. If the <select> has the multiple attribute, all matching options are selected, otherwise only the first option matching one of the passed options is selected. String values are matching both values and labels. Option is considered matching if all specified properties match.
  • options LocatorSelectOptionOptions? (optional)
    • Force bool? (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • NoWaitAfter bool? (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • Timeout [float]? (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.SetDefaultTimeout() or Page.SetDefaultTimeout() methods.

Returns

Details

This method waits for actionability checks, waits until all specified options are present in the <select> element and selects these options.

If the target element is not a <select> element, this method throws an error. However, if the element is inside the <label> element that has an associated control, the control will be used instead.

Returns the array of option values that have been successfully selected.

Triggers a change and input event once all the provided options have been selected.


SelectTextAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.SelectTextAsync

This method waits for actionability checks, then focuses the element and selects all its text content.

If the element is inside the <label> element that has an associated control, focuses and selects text in the control instead.

Usage

await Locator.SelectTextAsync(options);

Arguments

Returns


SetCheckedAsync

Added in: v1.15 locator.SetCheckedAsync

Set the state of a checkbox or a radio element.

Usage

await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Checkbox).SetCheckedAsync(true);

Arguments

  • checkedState bool#

    Whether to check or uncheck the checkbox.

  • options LocatorSetCheckedOptions? (optional)

    • Force bool? (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • NoWaitAfter bool? (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • Position Position? (optional)#

      • X [float]

      • Y [float]

      A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element.

    • Timeout [float]? (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.SetDefaultTimeout() or Page.SetDefaultTimeout() methods.

    • Trial bool? (optional)#

      When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it.

Returns

Details

This method checks or unchecks an element by performing the following steps:

  1. Ensure that matched element is a checkbox or a radio input. If not, this method throws.
  2. If the element already has the right checked state, this method returns immediately.
  3. Wait for actionability checks on the matched element, unless force option is set. If the element is detached during the checks, the whole action is retried.
  4. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  5. Use Page.Mouse to click in the center of the element.
  6. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set.
  7. Ensure that the element is now checked or unchecked. If not, this method throws.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.


SetInputFilesAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.SetInputFilesAsync

Upload file or multiple files into <input type=file>.

Usage

// Select one file
await page.GetByLabel("Upload file").SetInputFilesAsync("myfile.pdf");

// Select multiple files
await page.GetByLabel("Upload files").SetInputFilesAsync(new[] { "file1.txt", "file12.txt" });

// Remove all the selected files
await page.GetByLabel("Upload file").SetInputFilesAsync(new[] {});

// Upload buffer from memory
await page.GetByLabel("Upload file").SetInputFilesAsync(new FilePayload
{
Name = "file.txt",
MimeType = "text/plain",
Buffer = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("this is a test"),
});

Arguments

  • files string|IEnumerable<string>|FilePayload|IEnumerable<FilePayload>#
  • options LocatorSetInputFilesOptions? (optional)
    • NoWaitAfter bool? (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • Timeout [float]? (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.SetDefaultTimeout() or Page.SetDefaultTimeout() methods.

Returns

Details

Sets the value of the file input to these file paths or files. If some of the filePaths are relative paths, then they are resolved relative to the current working directory. For empty array, clears the selected files.

This method expects Locator to point to an input element. However, if the element is inside the <label> element that has an associated control, targets the control instead.


TapAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.TapAsync

Perform a tap gesture on the element matching the locator.

Usage

await Locator.TapAsync(options);

Arguments

  • options LocatorTapOptions? (optional)
    • Force bool? (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • Modifiers IEnumerable?<enum KeyboardModifier { Alt, Control, Meta, Shift }> (optional)#

      Modifier keys to press. Ensures that only these modifiers are pressed during the operation, and then restores current modifiers back. If not specified, currently pressed modifiers are used.

    • NoWaitAfter bool? (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • Position Position? (optional)#

      • X [float]

      • Y [float]

      A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element.

    • Timeout [float]? (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.SetDefaultTimeout() or Page.SetDefaultTimeout() methods.

    • Trial bool? (optional)#

      When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it.

Returns

Details

This method taps the element by performing the following steps:

  1. Wait for actionability checks on the element, unless force option is set.
  2. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  3. Use Page.Touchscreen to tap the center of the element, or the specified position.
  4. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set.

If the element is detached from the DOM at any moment during the action, this method throws.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.

note

element.tap() requires that the hasTouch option of the browser context be set to true.


TextContentAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.TextContentAsync

Returns the node.textContent.

Asserting text

If you need to assert text on the page, prefer Expect(Locator).ToHaveTextAsync() to avoid flakiness. See assertions guide for more details.

Usage

await Locator.TextContentAsync(options);

Arguments

Returns


UncheckAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.UncheckAsync

Ensure that checkbox or radio element is unchecked.

Usage

await page.GetByRole(AriaRole.Checkbox).UncheckAsync();

Arguments

  • options LocatorUncheckOptions? (optional)
    • Force bool? (optional)#

      Whether to bypass the actionability checks. Defaults to false.

    • NoWaitAfter bool? (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • Position Position? (optional)#

      • X [float]

      • Y [float]

      A point to use relative to the top-left corner of element padding box. If not specified, uses some visible point of the element.

    • Timeout [float]? (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.SetDefaultTimeout() or Page.SetDefaultTimeout() methods.

    • Trial bool? (optional)#

      When set, this method only performs the actionability checks and skips the action. Defaults to false. Useful to wait until the element is ready for the action without performing it.

Returns

Details

This method unchecks the element by performing the following steps:

  1. Ensure that element is a checkbox or a radio input. If not, this method throws. If the element is already unchecked, this method returns immediately.
  2. Wait for actionability checks on the element, unless force option is set.
  3. Scroll the element into view if needed.
  4. Use Page.Mouse to click in the center of the element.
  5. Wait for initiated navigations to either succeed or fail, unless noWaitAfter option is set.
  6. Ensure that the element is now unchecked. If not, this method throws.

If the element is detached from the DOM at any moment during the action, this method throws.

When all steps combined have not finished during the specified timeout, this method throws a TimeoutError. Passing zero timeout disables this.


WaitForAsync

Added in: v1.16 locator.WaitForAsync

Returns when element specified by locator satisfies the state option.

If target element already satisfies the condition, the method returns immediately. Otherwise, waits for up to timeout milliseconds until the condition is met.

Usage

var orderSent = page.Locator("#order-sent");
orderSent.WaitForAsync();

Arguments

  • options LocatorWaitForOptions? (optional)
    • State enum WaitForSelectorState { Attached, Detached, Visible, Hidden }? (optional)#

      Defaults to 'visible'. Can be either:

      • 'attached' - wait for element to be present in DOM.
      • 'detached' - wait for element to not be present in DOM.
      • 'visible' - wait for element to have non-empty bounding box and no visibility:hidden. Note that element without any content or with display:none has an empty bounding box and is not considered visible.
      • 'hidden' - wait for element to be either detached from DOM, or have an empty bounding box or visibility:hidden. This is opposite to the 'visible' option.
    • Timeout [float]? (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.SetDefaultTimeout() or Page.SetDefaultTimeout() methods.

Returns


Deprecated

ElementHandleAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.ElementHandleAsync
Discouraged

Always prefer using Locators and web assertions over ElementHandles because latter are inherently racy.

Resolves given locator to the first matching DOM element. If there are no matching elements, waits for one. If multiple elements match the locator, throws.

Usage

await Locator.ElementHandleAsync(options);

Arguments

Returns


ElementHandlesAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.ElementHandlesAsync
Discouraged

Always prefer using Locators and web assertions over ElementHandles because latter are inherently racy.

Resolves given locator to all matching DOM elements. If there are no matching elements, returns an empty list.

Usage

await Locator.ElementHandlesAsync();

Returns


TypeAsync

Added in: v1.14 locator.TypeAsync
Deprecated

In most cases, you should use Locator.FillAsync() instead. You only need to press keys one by one if there is special keyboard handling on the page - in this case use Locator.PressSequentiallyAsync().

Focuses the element, and then sends a keydown, keypress/input, and keyup event for each character in the text.

To press a special key, like Control or ArrowDown, use Locator.PressAsync().

Usage

Arguments

  • text string#

    A text to type into a focused element.

  • options LocatorTypeOptions? (optional)

    • Delay [float]? (optional)#

      Time to wait between key presses in milliseconds. Defaults to 0.

    • NoWaitAfter bool? (optional)#

      Actions that initiate navigations are waiting for these navigations to happen and for pages to start loading. You can opt out of waiting via setting this flag. You would only need this option in the exceptional cases such as navigating to inaccessible pages. Defaults to false.

    • Timeout [float]? (optional)#

      Maximum time in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout. The default value can be changed by using the BrowserContext.SetDefaultTimeout() or Page.SetDefaultTimeout() methods.

Returns