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FrameLocator

FrameLocator represents a view to the iframe on the page. It captures the logic sufficient to retrieve the iframe and locate elements in that iframe. FrameLocator can be created with either page.frameLocator() or locator.frameLocator() method.

const locator = page.frameLocator('#my-frame').getByText('Submit');
await locator.click();

Strictness

Frame locators are strict. This means that all operations on frame locators will throw if more than one element matches a given selector.

// Throws if there are several frames in DOM:
await page.frameLocator('.result-frame').getByRole('button').click();

// Works because we explicitly tell locator to pick the first frame:
await page.frameLocator('.result-frame').first().getByRole('button').click();

Converting Locator to FrameLocator

If you have a Locator object pointing to an iframe it can be converted to FrameLocator using :scope CSS selector:

const frameLocator = locator.frameLocator(':scope');

Methods

first

Added in: v1.17frameLocator.first

Returns locator to the first matching frame.

Usage

frameLocator.first();

Returns


frameLocator

Added in: v1.17frameLocator.frameLocator

When working with iframes, you can create a frame locator that will enter the iframe and allow selecting elements in that iframe.

Usage

frameLocator.frameLocator(selector);

Arguments

  • selector string#

    A selector to use when resolving DOM element.

Returns


getByAltText

Added in: v1.27frameLocator.getByAltText

Allows locating elements by their alt text.

Usage

For example, this method will find the image by alt text "Playwright logo":

<img alt='Playwright logo'>
await page.getByAltText('Playwright logo').click();

Arguments

  • text string|RegExp#

    Text to locate the element for.

  • options Object (optional)

    • exact boolean (optional)#

      Whether to find an exact match: case-sensitive and whole-string. Default to false. Ignored when locating by a regular expression. Note that exact match still trims whitespace.

Returns


getByLabel

Added in: v1.27frameLocator.getByLabel

Allows locating input elements by the text of the associated label.

Usage

For example, this method will find the input by label text "Password" in the following DOM:

<label for="password-input">Password:</label>
<input id="password-input">
await page.getByLabel('Password').fill('secret');

Arguments

  • text string|RegExp#

    Text to locate the element for.

  • options Object (optional)

    • exact boolean (optional)#

      Whether to find an exact match: case-sensitive and whole-string. Default to false. Ignored when locating by a regular expression. Note that exact match still trims whitespace.

Returns


getByPlaceholder

Added in: v1.27frameLocator.getByPlaceholder

Allows locating input elements by the placeholder text.

Usage

For example, consider the following DOM structure.

<input type="email" placeholder="name@example.com" />

You can fill the input after locating it by the placeholder text:

await page
.getByPlaceholder("name@example.com")
.fill("playwright@microsoft.com");

Arguments

  • text string|RegExp#

    Text to locate the element for.

  • options Object (optional)

    • exact boolean (optional)#

      Whether to find an exact match: case-sensitive and whole-string. Default to false. Ignored when locating by a regular expression. Note that exact match still trims whitespace.

Returns


getByRole

Added in: v1.27frameLocator.getByRole

Allows locating elements by their ARIA role, ARIA attributes and accessible name.

Usage

Consider the following DOM structure.

<h3>Sign up</h3>
<label>
<input type="checkbox" /> Subscribe
</label>
<br/>
<button>Submit</button>

You can locate each element by it's implicit role:

await expect(page.getByRole('heading', { name: 'Sign up' })).toBeVisible();

await page.getByRole('checkbox', { name: 'Subscribe' }).check();

await page.getByRole('button', { name: /submit/i }).click();

Arguments

  • role "alert"|"alertdialog"|"application"|"article"|"banner"|"blockquote"|"button"|"caption"|"cell"|"checkbox"|"code"|"columnheader"|"combobox"|"complementary"|"contentinfo"|"definition"|"deletion"|"dialog"|"directory"|"document"|"emphasis"|"feed"|"figure"|"form"|"generic"|"grid"|"gridcell"|"group"|"heading"|"img"|"insertion"|"link"|"list"|"listbox"|"listitem"|"log"|"main"|"marquee"|"math"|"meter"|"menu"|"menubar"|"menuitem"|"menuitemcheckbox"|"menuitemradio"|"navigation"|"none"|"note"|"option"|"paragraph"|"presentation"|"progressbar"|"radio"|"radiogroup"|"region"|"row"|"rowgroup"|"rowheader"|"scrollbar"|"search"|"searchbox"|"separator"|"slider"|"spinbutton"|"status"|"strong"|"subscript"|"superscript"|"switch"|"tab"|"table"|"tablist"|"tabpanel"|"term"|"textbox"|"time"|"timer"|"toolbar"|"tooltip"|"tree"|"treegrid"|"treeitem"#

    Required aria role.

  • options Object (optional)

    • checked boolean (optional)#

      An attribute that is usually set by aria-checked or native <input type=checkbox> controls.

      Learn more about aria-checked.

    • disabled boolean (optional)#

      An attribute that is usually set by aria-disabled or disabled.

      note

      Unlike most other attributes, disabled is inherited through the DOM hierarchy. Learn more about aria-disabled.

    • exact boolean (optional) Added in: v1.28#

      Whether name is matched exactly: case-sensitive and whole-string. Defaults to false. Ignored when name is a regular expression. Note that exact match still trims whitespace.

    • expanded boolean (optional)#

      An attribute that is usually set by aria-expanded.

      Learn more about aria-expanded.

    • includeHidden boolean (optional)#

      Option that controls whether hidden elements are matched. By default, only non-hidden elements, as defined by ARIA, are matched by role selector.

      Learn more about aria-hidden.

    • level number (optional)#

      A number attribute that is usually present for roles heading, listitem, row, treeitem, with default values for <h1>-<h6> elements.

      Learn more about aria-level.

    • name string|RegExp (optional)#

      Option to match the accessible name. By default, matching is case-insensitive and searches for a substring, use exact to control this behavior.

      Learn more about accessible name.

    • pressed boolean (optional)#

      An attribute that is usually set by aria-pressed.

      Learn more about aria-pressed.

    • selected boolean (optional)#

      An attribute that is usually set by aria-selected.

      Learn more about aria-selected.

Returns

Details

Role selector does not replace accessibility audits and conformance tests, but rather gives early feedback about the ARIA guidelines.

Many html elements have an implicitly defined role that is recognized by the role selector. You can find all the supported roles here. ARIA guidelines do not recommend duplicating implicit roles and attributes by setting role and/or aria-* attributes to default values.


getByTestId

Added in: v1.27frameLocator.getByTestId

Locate element by the test id.

Usage

Consider the following DOM structure.

<button data-testid="directions">Itinéraire</button>

You can locate the element by it's test id:

await page.getByTestId('directions').click();

Arguments

Returns

Details

By default, the data-testid attribute is used as a test id. Use selectors.setTestIdAttribute() to configure a different test id attribute if necessary.

// Set custom test id attribute from @playwright/test config:
use: {
testIdAttribute: 'data-pw'
}

getByText

Added in: v1.27frameLocator.getByText

Allows locating elements that contain given text.

See also locator.filter() that allows to match by another criteria, like an accessible role, and then filter by the text content.

Usage

Consider the following DOM structure:

<div>Hello <span>world</span></div>
<div>Hello</div>

You can locate by text substring, exact string, or a regular expression:

// Matches <span>
page.getByText('world')

// Matches first <div>
page.getByText('Hello world')

// Matches second <div>
page.getByText('Hello', { exact: true })

// Matches both <div>s
page.getByText(/Hello/)

// Matches second <div>
page.getByText(/^hello$/i)

Arguments

  • text string|RegExp#

    Text to locate the element for.

  • options Object (optional)

    • exact boolean (optional)#

      Whether to find an exact match: case-sensitive and whole-string. Default to false. Ignored when locating by a regular expression. Note that exact match still trims whitespace.

Returns

Details

Matching by text always normalizes whitespace, even with exact match. For example, it turns multiple spaces into one, turns line breaks into spaces and ignores leading and trailing whitespace.

Input elements of the type button and submit are matched by their value instead of the text content. For example, locating by text "Log in" matches <input type=button value="Log in">.


getByTitle

Added in: v1.27frameLocator.getByTitle

Allows locating elements by their title attribute.

Usage

Consider the following DOM structure.

<span title='Issues count'>25 issues</span>

You can check the issues count after locating it by the title text:

await expect(page.getByTitle('Issues count')).toHaveText('25 issues');

Arguments

  • text string|RegExp#

    Text to locate the element for.

  • options Object (optional)

    • exact boolean (optional)#

      Whether to find an exact match: case-sensitive and whole-string. Default to false. Ignored when locating by a regular expression. Note that exact match still trims whitespace.

Returns


last

Added in: v1.17frameLocator.last

Returns locator to the last matching frame.

Usage

frameLocator.last();

Returns


locator

Added in: v1.17frameLocator.locator

The method finds an element matching the specified selector in the locator's subtree. It also accepts filter options, similar to locator.filter() method.

Learn more about locators.

Usage

frameLocator.locator(selector);
frameLocator.locator(selector, options);

Arguments

  • selector string#

    A selector to use when resolving DOM element.

  • options Object (optional)

    • has Locator (optional)#

      Matches elements containing an element that matches an inner locator. Inner locator is queried against the outer one. For example, article that has text=Playwright matches <article><div>Playwright</div></article>.

      Note that outer and inner locators must belong to the same frame. Inner locator must not contain FrameLocators.

    • hasText string|RegExp (optional)#

      Matches elements containing specified text somewhere inside, possibly in a child or a descendant element. When passed a string, matching is case-insensitive and searches for a substring. For example, "Playwright" matches <article><div>Playwright</div></article>.

Returns


nth

Added in: v1.17frameLocator.nth

Returns locator to the n-th matching frame. It's zero based, nth(0) selects the first frame.

Usage

frameLocator.nth(index);

Arguments

Returns