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APIRequestContext

This API is used for the Web API testing. You can use it to trigger API endpoints, configure micro-services, prepare environment or the service to your e2e test.

Each Playwright browser context has associated with it APIRequestContext instance which shares cookie storage with the browser context and can be accessed via browserContext.request or page.request. It is also possible to create a new APIRequestContext instance manually by calling apiRequest.newContext().

Cookie management

APIRequestContext returned by browserContext.request and page.request shares cookie storage with the corresponding BrowserContext. Each API request will have Cookie header populated with the values from the browser context. If the API response contains Set-Cookie header it will automatically update BrowserContext cookies and requests made from the page will pick them up. This means that if you log in using this API, your e2e test will be logged in and vice versa.

If you want API requests to not interfere with the browser cookies you should create a new APIRequestContext by calling apiRequest.newContext(). Such APIRequestContext object will have its own isolated cookie storage.


Methods

delete

Added in: v1.16apiRequestContext.delete

Sends HTTP(S) DELETE request and returns its response. The method will populate request cookies from the context and update context cookies from the response. The method will automatically follow redirects.

Usage

await apiRequestContext.delete(url);
await apiRequestContext.delete(url, options);

Arguments

  • url string#

    Target URL.

  • options Object (optional)

    • data string|Buffer|Serializable (optional) Added in: v1.17#

      Allows to set post data of the request. If the data parameter is an object, it will be serialized to json string and content-type header will be set to application/json if not explicitly set. Otherwise the content-type header will be set to application/octet-stream if not explicitly set.

    • failOnStatusCode boolean (optional)#

      Whether to throw on response codes other than 2xx and 3xx. By default response object is returned for all status codes.

    • form Object<string, string|number|boolean> (optional) Added in: v1.17#

      Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using application/x-www-form-urlencoded encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to application/x-www-form-urlencoded unless explicitly provided.

    • headers Object<string, string> (optional)#

      Allows to set HTTP headers.

    • ignoreHTTPSErrors boolean (optional)#

      Whether to ignore HTTPS errors when sending network requests. Defaults to false.

    • maxRedirects number (optional) Added in: v1.26#

      Maximum number of request redirects that will be followed automatically. An error will be thrown if the number is exceeded. Defaults to 20. Pass 0 to not follow redirects.

    • multipart Object<string, string|number|boolean|ReadStream|Object> (optional) Added in: v1.17#

      Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using multipart/form-data encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to multipart/form-data unless explicitly provided. File values can be passed either as fs.ReadStream or as file-like object containing file name, mime-type and its content.

    • params Object<string, string|number|boolean> (optional)#

      Query parameters to be sent with the URL.

    • timeout number (optional)#

      Request timeout in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout.

Returns


dispose

Added in: v1.16apiRequestContext.dispose

All responses returned by apiRequestContext.get() and similar methods are stored in the memory, so that you can later call apiResponse.body(). This method discards all stored responses, and makes apiResponse.body() throw "Response disposed" error.

Usage

await apiRequestContext.dispose();

fetch

Added in: v1.16apiRequestContext.fetch

Sends HTTP(S) request and returns its response. The method will populate request cookies from the context and update context cookies from the response. The method will automatically follow redirects. JSON objects can be passed directly to the request.

Usage

await request.fetch('https://example.com/api/createBook', {
method: 'post',
data: {
title: 'Book Title',
author: 'John Doe',
}
});

The common way to send file(s) in the body of a request is to encode it as form fields with multipart/form-data encoding. You can achieve that with Playwright API like this:

// Open file as a stream and pass it to the request:
const stream = fs.createReadStream('team.csv');
await request.fetch('https://example.com/api/uploadTeamList', {
method: 'post',
multipart: {
fileField: stream
}
});

// Or you can pass the file content directly as an object:
await request.fetch('https://example.com/api/uploadScript', {
method: 'post',
multipart: {
fileField: {
name: 'f.js',
mimeType: 'text/javascript',
buffer: Buffer.from('console.log(2022);')
}
}
});

Arguments

  • urlOrRequest string|Request#

    Target URL or Request to get all parameters from.

  • options Object (optional)

    • data string|Buffer|Serializable (optional)#

      Allows to set post data of the request. If the data parameter is an object, it will be serialized to json string and content-type header will be set to application/json if not explicitly set. Otherwise the content-type header will be set to application/octet-stream if not explicitly set.

    • failOnStatusCode boolean (optional)#

      Whether to throw on response codes other than 2xx and 3xx. By default response object is returned for all status codes.

    • form Object<string, string|number|boolean> (optional)#

      Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using application/x-www-form-urlencoded encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to application/x-www-form-urlencoded unless explicitly provided.

    • headers Object<string, string> (optional)#

      Allows to set HTTP headers.

    • ignoreHTTPSErrors boolean (optional)#

      Whether to ignore HTTPS errors when sending network requests. Defaults to false.

    • maxRedirects number (optional) Added in: v1.26#

      Maximum number of request redirects that will be followed automatically. An error will be thrown if the number is exceeded. Defaults to 20. Pass 0 to not follow redirects.

    • method string (optional)#

      If set changes the fetch method (e.g. PUT or POST). If not specified, GET method is used.

    • multipart Object<string, string|number|boolean|ReadStream|Object> (optional)#

      Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using multipart/form-data encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to multipart/form-data unless explicitly provided. File values can be passed either as fs.ReadStream or as file-like object containing file name, mime-type and its content.

    • params Object<string, string|number|boolean> (optional)#

      Query parameters to be sent with the URL.

    • timeout number (optional)#

      Request timeout in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout.

Returns


get

Added in: v1.16apiRequestContext.get

Sends HTTP(S) GET request and returns its response. The method will populate request cookies from the context and update context cookies from the response. The method will automatically follow redirects.

Usage

Request parameters can be configured with params option, they will be serialized into the URL search parameters:

await request.get('https://example.com/api/getText', {
params: {
'isbn': '1234',
'page': 23,
}
});

Arguments

  • url string#

    Target URL.

  • options Object (optional)

    • data string|Buffer|Serializable (optional) Added in: v1.26#

      Allows to set post data of the request. If the data parameter is an object, it will be serialized to json string and content-type header will be set to application/json if not explicitly set. Otherwise the content-type header will be set to application/octet-stream if not explicitly set.

    • failOnStatusCode boolean (optional)#

      Whether to throw on response codes other than 2xx and 3xx. By default response object is returned for all status codes.

    • form Object<string, string|number|boolean> (optional) Added in: v1.26#

      Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using application/x-www-form-urlencoded encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to application/x-www-form-urlencoded unless explicitly provided.

    • headers Object<string, string> (optional)#

      Allows to set HTTP headers.

    • ignoreHTTPSErrors boolean (optional)#

      Whether to ignore HTTPS errors when sending network requests. Defaults to false.

    • maxRedirects number (optional) Added in: v1.26#

      Maximum number of request redirects that will be followed automatically. An error will be thrown if the number is exceeded. Defaults to 20. Pass 0 to not follow redirects.

    • multipart Object<string, string|number|boolean|ReadStream|Object> (optional) Added in: v1.26#

      Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using multipart/form-data encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to multipart/form-data unless explicitly provided. File values can be passed either as fs.ReadStream or as file-like object containing file name, mime-type and its content.

    • params Object<string, string|number|boolean> (optional)#

      Query parameters to be sent with the URL.

    • timeout number (optional)#

      Request timeout in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout.

Returns


head

Added in: v1.16apiRequestContext.head

Sends HTTP(S) HEAD request and returns its response. The method will populate request cookies from the context and update context cookies from the response. The method will automatically follow redirects.

Usage

await apiRequestContext.head(url);
await apiRequestContext.head(url, options);

Arguments

  • url string#

    Target URL.

  • options Object (optional)

    • data string|Buffer|Serializable (optional) Added in: v1.26#

      Allows to set post data of the request. If the data parameter is an object, it will be serialized to json string and content-type header will be set to application/json if not explicitly set. Otherwise the content-type header will be set to application/octet-stream if not explicitly set.

    • failOnStatusCode boolean (optional)#

      Whether to throw on response codes other than 2xx and 3xx. By default response object is returned for all status codes.

    • form Object<string, string|number|boolean> (optional) Added in: v1.26#

      Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using application/x-www-form-urlencoded encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to application/x-www-form-urlencoded unless explicitly provided.

    • headers Object<string, string> (optional)#

      Allows to set HTTP headers.

    • ignoreHTTPSErrors boolean (optional)#

      Whether to ignore HTTPS errors when sending network requests. Defaults to false.

    • maxRedirects number (optional) Added in: v1.26#

      Maximum number of request redirects that will be followed automatically. An error will be thrown if the number is exceeded. Defaults to 20. Pass 0 to not follow redirects.

    • multipart Object<string, string|number|boolean|ReadStream|Object> (optional) Added in: v1.26#

      Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using multipart/form-data encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to multipart/form-data unless explicitly provided. File values can be passed either as fs.ReadStream or as file-like object containing file name, mime-type and its content.

    • params Object<string, string|number|boolean> (optional)#

      Query parameters to be sent with the URL.

    • timeout number (optional)#

      Request timeout in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout.

Returns


patch

Added in: v1.16apiRequestContext.patch

Sends HTTP(S) PATCH request and returns its response. The method will populate request cookies from the context and update context cookies from the response. The method will automatically follow redirects.

Usage

await apiRequestContext.patch(url);
await apiRequestContext.patch(url, options);

Arguments

  • url string#

    Target URL.

  • options Object (optional)

    • data string|Buffer|Serializable (optional)#

      Allows to set post data of the request. If the data parameter is an object, it will be serialized to json string and content-type header will be set to application/json if not explicitly set. Otherwise the content-type header will be set to application/octet-stream if not explicitly set.

    • failOnStatusCode boolean (optional)#

      Whether to throw on response codes other than 2xx and 3xx. By default response object is returned for all status codes.

    • form Object<string, string|number|boolean> (optional)#

      Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using application/x-www-form-urlencoded encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to application/x-www-form-urlencoded unless explicitly provided.

    • headers Object<string, string> (optional)#

      Allows to set HTTP headers.

    • ignoreHTTPSErrors boolean (optional)#

      Whether to ignore HTTPS errors when sending network requests. Defaults to false.

    • maxRedirects number (optional) Added in: v1.26#

      Maximum number of request redirects that will be followed automatically. An error will be thrown if the number is exceeded. Defaults to 20. Pass 0 to not follow redirects.

    • multipart Object<string, string|number|boolean|ReadStream|Object> (optional)#

      Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using multipart/form-data encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to multipart/form-data unless explicitly provided. File values can be passed either as fs.ReadStream or as file-like object containing file name, mime-type and its content.

    • params Object<string, string|number|boolean> (optional)#

      Query parameters to be sent with the URL.

    • timeout number (optional)#

      Request timeout in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout.

Returns


post

Added in: v1.16apiRequestContext.post

Sends HTTP(S) POST request and returns its response. The method will populate request cookies from the context and update context cookies from the response. The method will automatically follow redirects.

Usage

JSON objects can be passed directly to the request:

await request.post('https://example.com/api/createBook', {
data: {
title: 'Book Title',
author: 'John Doe',
}
});

To send form data to the server use form option. Its value will be encoded into the request body with application/x-www-form-urlencoded encoding (see below how to use multipart/form-data form encoding to send files):

await request.post('https://example.com/api/findBook', {
form: {
title: 'Book Title',
author: 'John Doe',
}
});

The common way to send file(s) in the body of a request is to upload them as form fields with multipart/form-data encoding. You can achieve that with Playwright API like this:

// Open file as a stream and pass it to the request:
const stream = fs.createReadStream('team.csv');
await request.post('https://example.com/api/uploadTeamList', {
multipart: {
fileField: stream
}
});

// Or you can pass the file content directly as an object:
await request.post('https://example.com/api/uploadScript', {
multipart: {
fileField: {
name: 'f.js',
mimeType: 'text/javascript',
buffer: Buffer.from('console.log(2022);')
}
}
});

Arguments

  • url string#

    Target URL.

  • options Object (optional)

    • data string|Buffer|Serializable (optional)#

      Allows to set post data of the request. If the data parameter is an object, it will be serialized to json string and content-type header will be set to application/json if not explicitly set. Otherwise the content-type header will be set to application/octet-stream if not explicitly set.

    • failOnStatusCode boolean (optional)#

      Whether to throw on response codes other than 2xx and 3xx. By default response object is returned for all status codes.

    • form Object<string, string|number|boolean> (optional)#

      Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using application/x-www-form-urlencoded encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to application/x-www-form-urlencoded unless explicitly provided.

    • headers Object<string, string> (optional)#

      Allows to set HTTP headers.

    • ignoreHTTPSErrors boolean (optional)#

      Whether to ignore HTTPS errors when sending network requests. Defaults to false.

    • maxRedirects number (optional) Added in: v1.26#

      Maximum number of request redirects that will be followed automatically. An error will be thrown if the number is exceeded. Defaults to 20. Pass 0 to not follow redirects.

    • multipart Object<string, string|number|boolean|ReadStream|Object> (optional)#

      Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using multipart/form-data encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to multipart/form-data unless explicitly provided. File values can be passed either as fs.ReadStream or as file-like object containing file name, mime-type and its content.

    • params Object<string, string|number|boolean> (optional)#

      Query parameters to be sent with the URL.

    • timeout number (optional)#

      Request timeout in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout.

Returns


put

Added in: v1.16apiRequestContext.put

Sends HTTP(S) PUT request and returns its response. The method will populate request cookies from the context and update context cookies from the response. The method will automatically follow redirects.

Usage

await apiRequestContext.put(url);
await apiRequestContext.put(url, options);

Arguments

  • url string#

    Target URL.

  • options Object (optional)

    • data string|Buffer|Serializable (optional)#

      Allows to set post data of the request. If the data parameter is an object, it will be serialized to json string and content-type header will be set to application/json if not explicitly set. Otherwise the content-type header will be set to application/octet-stream if not explicitly set.

    • failOnStatusCode boolean (optional)#

      Whether to throw on response codes other than 2xx and 3xx. By default response object is returned for all status codes.

    • form Object<string, string|number|boolean> (optional)#

      Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using application/x-www-form-urlencoded encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to application/x-www-form-urlencoded unless explicitly provided.

    • headers Object<string, string> (optional)#

      Allows to set HTTP headers.

    • ignoreHTTPSErrors boolean (optional)#

      Whether to ignore HTTPS errors when sending network requests. Defaults to false.

    • maxRedirects number (optional) Added in: v1.26#

      Maximum number of request redirects that will be followed automatically. An error will be thrown if the number is exceeded. Defaults to 20. Pass 0 to not follow redirects.

    • multipart Object<string, string|number|boolean|ReadStream|Object> (optional)#

      Provides an object that will be serialized as html form using multipart/form-data encoding and sent as this request body. If this parameter is specified content-type header will be set to multipart/form-data unless explicitly provided. File values can be passed either as fs.ReadStream or as file-like object containing file name, mime-type and its content.

    • params Object<string, string|number|boolean> (optional)#

      Query parameters to be sent with the URL.

    • timeout number (optional)#

      Request timeout in milliseconds. Defaults to 30000 (30 seconds). Pass 0 to disable timeout.

Returns


storageState

Added in: v1.16apiRequestContext.storageState

Returns storage state for this request context, contains current cookies and local storage snapshot if it was passed to the constructor.

Usage

await apiRequestContext.storageState();
await apiRequestContext.storageState(options);

Arguments

  • options Object (optional)
    • path string (optional)#

      The file path to save the storage state to. If path is a relative path, then it is resolved relative to current working directory. If no path is provided, storage state is still returned, but won't be saved to the disk.

Returns