Version: 1.9.0

Page Object Models

Large test suites can be structured to optimize ease of authoring and maintenance. Page object models are one such approach to structure your test suite.


A page object represents a part of your web application. An e-commerce web application might have a home page, a listings page and a checkout page. Each of them can be represented by page object models.

Page objects simplify authoring. They create a higher-level API which suits your application.

Page objects simplify maintenance. They capture element selectors in one place and create reusable code to avoid repetition.


Page object models wrap over a Playwright Page.

// models/Search.js
class SearchPage {
constructor(page) { = page;
async navigate() {
async search(text) {
await'[aria-label="Enter your search term"]', text);
await'[aria-label="Enter your search term"]', 'Enter');
module.exports = { SearchPage };

Page objects can then be used inside a test.

// search.spec.js
const { SearchPage } = require('./models/Search');
// In the test
const page = await browser.newPage();
const searchPage = new SearchPage(page);
await searchPage.navigate();
await'search query');

API reference#